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M

 

1.       MADANA                                                                           GVA

2.       MADANAGOPALA GOSVAMI                                        GVA

3.       MADANAMOHANA                                                              GVA

4.       MADANAMOHANA CAKRAVARTI                                            GVA

5.       MADANAMOHANA CAUBE                                           GVA

6.       MADANAMOHANA THAKURA                                       GVA

7.       MADANAMOHANA THAKURA                                       GVA

8.       MADANA RAYA                                                                  GVA

9.       MADANA RAYA CAUDHURI                                         GVA

10.     MADANA RAYA THAKURA                                                    GVA

11.     MADHAVA                                                                         GVA

12.     MADHAVA                                                                         GVA

13.     MADHAVA                                                                         GVA,CCU

14.     MADHAVA                                                                         GVA

15.     MADHAVA                                                                         GVA

15a.    MADHAVA                                                                         GVA

16.     MADHAVA                                                                         GVA

17.     MADHAVA ACARYA                                                             GVA,CCU

18.     MADHAVA ACARYA                                                             GVA

19.     MADHAVA CUDADHARI                                                       GVA

20.     MADHAVA DASA                                                                 GVA,CCU

21.     MADHAVA DASA BABAJI                                                      GVJ

22.     MADHAVA GHOSH                                                              GVA,GPC

23.     MADHAVA GUNAKAR KAVINDRA                                  GVA

24.     MADHAVA MISRA                                                               GVA,CCU

25.     MADHAVA MISRA (ACARYA)                                       GVA

26.     MADHAVA MISRA                                                               GVA

27.     MADHAVA PANDITA                                                  GVA,CCU

28.     MADHAVA PATTANAYAKA                                          GVA,CCU,BMO

29.     MADHAVENDRAPURI                                                 GVA,GPC,CCU

30.     MADHAVI DEVI                                                                  GVA

31.     MADHAVILATA                                                                  GVA

32.     MADHO                                                                            GVA

33.     MADHO RAYA                                                          GVA

34.     MADHU BISVAS                                                                 GVA

35.     MADHU SIL                                                                       GVA

36.     MADHUKANTA DVIJA                                                GVA

37.     MADHURIJI                                                                       GVA

38.     MADHUSUDANA                                                                 GVA,CCU

39.     MADHUSUDANA                                                                 GVA,CCU

40.     MADHUSUDANA                                                                 GVA

41.     MADHUSUDANA                                                                 GVA

42.     MADHUSUDANA CAKRAVARTI                                               GVA

43.     MADHUSUDANA DASA                                                         GVA

44.     MADHUSUDANA DASA BABA                                       GVJ

45.     MADHUSUDANA GHATAK                                                     GVA

46.     MADHUSUDANA SARASVATI                                       GVA

47.     MADHUSUDANA VACASPATI                                       GVA

48.     MADHAVACARYA                                                                GVA

49.     MAHADEVA BHATTACARYA                                         GVA

50.     MAHALAKSMI DEVI                                                            GVA

51.     MAHAMAYA                                                                       GVA

52.     MAHAMAYA                                                                       GVA

53.     MAHAMAYA DEVI                                                               GVA

54.     MAHANTA                                                                         GVA

55.     MAHANANDA                                                           GVA

56.     MAHANANDA CAUDHURI                                                     GVA

57.     MAHANANDA VIDYABHUSANA                                              GVA

58.     MAHAPATRA                                                            GVA

59.     MAHAPRABHU                                                                   GVA

60.     MAHARASTRIAN BRAHMANA                                                GVA,GPC

61.     MAHATTAMA VAISNAVA                                                      GVA

62.     MAHATTAMA VAISNAVA                                                      GVA

63.     MAHESA CAUDHURI                                                  GVA

64.     MAHESA PANDITA                                                              GVA,GPC,CC

65.     MAHESVARA VISARADA                                                       GVA

66.     MAHENDRA GIRI                                                                CCU

67.     MAHIDHARA                                                                      GVA,CCU

68.     MAKARADHVAJA                                                                GVA,CCU

69.     MAKARADHVAJA DATTA                                                      GVA

70.     MAKARADVAJA KAR                                                  GVA,CCU

71.     MAKARADVAJA PANDITA                                                     GVA

72.     MAKARADVAJA SEN                                                   GVA

73.     MAKARANDA                                                            CC

74.     MALADHAR BASU GUNARAJA KHAN                             GVA

75.     MALADHAR BRAHMACARI                                          CCU

76.     MALATI                                                                            GVA

77.     MALATI DEVI                                                           GVA

78.     MALATI DEVI (THAKURJHI)                                        GVA

79.     MALAYA KAJI                                                           GVA

80.     MALINI DEVI                                                                     GVA

81.     MALINI THAKURANI                                                 GVA,CCU

82.     MALINI THAKURANI                                                 GVA

83.     MALINI THAKURANI                                                 GVA

84.     MAMU GOSVAMI/THAKURA                                        GVA,CCU,BMO

85.     MANGALA VAISNAVA                                                 GVA,CCU

86.     MANGARAJA                                                                      GVA

87.     MANGARAJA MAHAPATRA                                          GVA,BMO

88.     MANINDRA CANDRA NANDI                                        GVA

89.     MANSINHA                                                                        GVA

90.     MANOHARA                                                                       GVA

91.     MANOHARA                                                                       GVA,CCU

92.     MANOHARA                                                                       GVA,CCU

93.     MANOHARA                                                                      GVA

94.     MANOHARA                                                                       GVA

95.     MANOHARA                                                                       GVA

96.     MANOHARA                                                                       GVA

97.     MANOHARA DASA                                                              GVA

98.     MANOHARA DASA                                                              GVA

99.     MANOHARA DASA BABA                                                      GVJ

100.    MANOHARA GHOSH                                                  GVA

101.    MANOHARA VISVAS                                                  GVA

102.    MANORATHA PURI                                                             GVA

103.    MATHUR                                                                           GVA

104.    MATHURA DASA                                                                 GVA

105.    MATHURA DASA                                                                 GVA

106.    MATHURA DASA                                                                 GVA

107.    MATHURA DASA                                                                 GVA

108.    MATHURANATHA                                                               GVA

109.    MIMANSAMANDAN BHATTACARYA                               GVA

110.    MINAKETANA GHOSH                                                         GVA

111.    MINAKETANA RAMDASA                                                      GVA,CCU

112.    MIRA BAI                                                                         GVA

113.    MISRA PURANDARA                                                  GVA

114.    MITHI BHANJA                                                                  GVA

115.    MITU HALDAR                                                                   GVA

116.    MOHANA                                                                          GVA

117.    MOHANA                                                                          GVA

118.    MOHANA                                                                          GVA

119.    MOHANA                                                                          GVA

120.    MOHANA                                                                          GVA

121. MOHANA                                                                             GVA

122.    MOHANA THAKURA                                                   GVA

123.    MOHANANANDA                                                                 GVA

124.    MUKUNDA                                                                        GVA,CCU

125.    MUKUNDA                                                                        GVA,CCU

126.    MUKUNDA                                                                        GVA,CCU

127.    MUKUNDA                                                                        GVA

128.    MUKUNDA                                                                        GVA,CCU

129.    MUKUNDA                                                                        GVA

130. MUKUNDA CAKRAVARTI                                                         GVA

131. MUKUNDA DASA                                                                   GVA

132. MUKUNDA DASA GOSVAMI                                                     GVA

133. MUKUNDA DATTA THAKURA                                         GVA,CCU,GPC

134. MUKUNDA GHOSH                                                                GVA

135. MUKUNDA GOSVAMI                                                             GVA

136. MUKUNDA KAVICANDRA                                                        GVA

137. MUKUNDA KAVIRAJA                                                             GVA,CCU

138. MUKUNDA OHJA                                                                   GVA

139. MUKUNDA RAYA                                                                   GVA

140. MUKUNDASANJAY                                                                 GVA,CCU

141. MUKUNDA SARASVATI                                                 GVA

142. MUKUNDA SARKAR DASA                                                       GVA,CCU

143. MUKUNDA THAKURA                                                             GVA

144. MUKUNDA'S MOTHER                                                   GVA

145. MUKTARAMA DASA                                                               GVA

146. MUKUTA MAITREYA                                                              GVA

147. MUKUTA RAYA                                                                     GVA

148. MULUK KAJI                                                                        GVA

149. MURARI                                                                              GVA

150. MURARI ACARYA                                                                  GVA

151. MURARI BRAHMANA                                                              GVA

152. MURARI CAITANYA DASA                                                       GVA,CCU

153. MURARI DASA                                                                      GVA

154. MURARI DASA                                                                      GVA

155. MURARI GUPTA THAKURA                                                      GVA,CCU,GPC

156. MURARI MAHITI                                                                   GVA,CCU,BMO

157. MURARI MISRA                                                           GVA

158. MURARI PANDITA                                                                 GVA,CCU

159. MURARI PANDITA                                                                 GVA

160. MUSALMAN VAISNAVA POETS                                       GVA

 

 

 

 

1.       MADANA:

 

          He was a composer of padas.  (See Pada no. 2304 in Padakalpataru)               

 

2.       MADANA RAYA:

 

          He was a disciple of Shri Narottama and his father was Gandharva Raya (Premavilasa 20, Narottamavilasa 13).

 

3.       MADANA RAYA CAUDHURI:

 

          He was the great-grandson of Cakrapani, who was a disciple of Raghunandana Thakura.  He translated Govindalilamrta into Bengali metrical verse.

 

4.       MADANA RAYA THAKURA:

 

          He belonged to the family of Shriman Narahari and was the son of Thakura Kanai.

 

5.       MADANAGOPALA GOSVAMI:

 

          He was a scholar and great bhagavata who lived in Santipura.  He published Shri Chaitanya Charitamrita and translated Laghubhagavatamrta.

 

6.       MADANAMOHANA:

 

          He was a disciple of Syamananda (Rasikamangala Daksina 10.3).

 

7.       MADANAMOHANA CAKRAVARTI:

 

          He was the disciple of Shri Gatigovinda prabhu and the nephew of Krishnaprasada Cakravarti (Karnananda 2).

 

8.       MADANAMOHANA CAUBE:

 

          He was the son of Damodara Caube of Mathura.  Shri Shri Madanamohana enjoyed pastimes with him.  (See `Damodara Caube')

 

9.       MADANAMOHANA THAKURA:

 

          He belonged to the family of Shrinivasa. His Shripata was in Malihati, where his descendants still live.

 

10.     MADANAMOHANA THAKURA:

 

          He was a Vaidya by caste, his father was Kanai Thakura. His grandfather was the famous Raghunandana Thakura, and his great grandfather was Shri Mukunda.  He had one brother named Vamsi (Bhaktiratnakara 13.189-194).

 

11.     MADHAVA:

 

          There were two devotees named Madhava in Vrndavana, both of whom migrated from Bengal.  Details are not available on them.  (CC 2.13.51)

 

12.     MADHAVA:

 

          He was the childhood friend of Shri Pundarika Vidyanidhi (Premavilasa 20).  He came from the village of Cakrasala in Cattagram and was an ardent devotee of Lord Gauranga.

 

13.     MADHAVA:

 

          He belonged to the sakha of Nityananda Prabhu (CC. 1.11.48).

 

14.     MADHAVA:

 

          He was a disciple of Rasikananda (Rasikamangala Pascima 14.144).

 

15.     MADHAVA:

 

          He was a composer of padas.  There are fifty five padas with the bhanita of Madhava in Padakalpataru.

 

15.a MADHAVA:

 

          He was an Odisi disciple of Gadadhara Pandita and the author of Shri Chaitanyavilasa in the Odiya language.

 

16.     MADHAVA ACARYA:

 

          He belonged to Shri Chaitanya sakha (CC. 1.10.119).

 

17.     MADHAVA ACARYA:

 

          He was the disciple and son of Shri Nityananda Prabhu.  He married Shri Gangadevi.  His Shripata was in Jirat Balagada. Because his mother died after giving birth to him, Madhava was brought up by Bhagiratha Acarya and Mahalaksmi devi.  He was a brahmana and was Santanu in Krishnalila.  (CC. 1.11.52, Premavilasa 19,21)

 

18.     MADHAVA ACARYA:

 

          He was a contemporary of Shri Gauranga and belonged to Gadadhara Pandita sakha.  (Premavilasa 19, Sakhanirnayamrta 32, Gauraganoddesadipika 169)

 

19.     MADHAVA CUDADHARI:

 

          He belonged to a Vandyaghati clan and was a Sandilya by caste.  Vasudeva Shrigala was his guru.  When he was serving as the priest of a temple built by a certain king, he was ostracized from the association of devotees by Chaitanya Mahaprabhu Himself because he stole the ornaments of the Deity. He was also known to be a cheater.  (Premavilasa 20,24)

 

20.     MADHAVA DASA:

 

          His Shripata was in Phulia.  When Mahaprabhu stopped in Gauda on his way to Vrndavana from Nilacala, He stayed in the house of Vidyavascapati and a big crowd gathered there daily to see the Lord.  To avoid the crowd, Mahaprabhu shifted to the house of Madhava and stayed there undisturbed for some days. (CC. 2l16.208)

 

21.     MADHAVA DASA BABAJI:

 

          Near the village of Ramakeli, hallowed with the memory of Shri Rupa and Sanatana, is the confluence of the river Mahananda and the river Padma.  On one bank of this river is Nawabgunj and on the other bank is the village of Baradhariya. Shri Madhava dasa was born in this village in 1857 AD.  He lost his father when he was a child and, as he was the only child of his mother, he did not receive much education.  Due to the influence of Rupa and Sanatana, there were many Vaishnavas in the district of Malda.  However, fundamentalist Vaishnavas were few in number.

 

          Babaji, though not highly educated, derived great pleasure from the association of saintly persons, reading bhakti literature and listening to sankirtana.  This cultivation of the association of devotees evoked within him a growing intense desire for performing bhajan.  At the age of twenty-seven he left his loving and childless wife and went to Vrndavana, where he sought the shelter of Shri Premananda Prabhupada of Shrigarvata.

 

          In Vraja he lived by doing madhukari and concentrated on listening to religious discourses and performing kirtana.  His charming disposition and affectionate nature soon endeared him to all the residents of Vraja, both young and old.  In his guru's family he was considered like a widowed daughter of the family and on festival occasions the Gosvaminis taught him how to cook. 

          After some time in Vrndavana he sought the blessings of his guru to visit other areas of Vraja.  Thus he visited various places and spent time with Shri Jagadananda, disciple of Siddha Shri Nityananda dasa of Shri Vrndavana, in Sanketa kunja, Varsana, and the bank of Bhanu kunda.  The two of them did madhukari separately but ate together sitting outside their bhajan kutira.

 

          Later he lived with Jagadananda in Kayavana on the bank of Vimala kunda.  During that time he once said, "I have failed to do bhajan in the true sense of the word."  He felt so depressed that he stopped going out for madhukari and laid down within  his hut.  It is known that at that time Radharani Herself came as a brahmana girl and fed him. 

          Thereafter he stayed with Dharmadasa Babaji, the Mahanta of the temple of Shri Madanagopala, who had previously been served by Shri Jaykrishna dasa Baba.  From time to time he moved to various places throughout Vraja, such as the temple of Shri Gopala Bhatta, the Thaura of Lotana kunja, and Jharumandala. During his travels he had the opportunity to associate with Siddha Nityananda dasa Baba and various other Siromoni Mahasayas. 

 

          Once, while living at Jharumandala, he thought, "Shri Sanatana Gosvamipada looks after the mendicant Vaishnavas of Vraja.  I will no longer go out to do madhukari at anyone's house, I will simply take that food which comes to me."  Thus he walked through the streets, passing by the houses which he usually begged from.  When he reached the monastery of Shri Gopala Bhatta Gosvami, the person in charge came out and said, "Madhava dasa, are you out for madhukari?  I am suffering from fever, please come in and offer the puri and curry bhoga to the Deity and then to the others of the temple, then you can take prasadam.  Babaji did so, remembering the mercy of Shri Sanatana prabhu.

 

          While living in Varsana he had the company of Shri Ramakrishna dasa Babaji and Shri Haricarana dasa babaji.  He also associated with Shri Hansa dasa Babaji, who belonged to the Nimbarka sect and was a great admirer of Shri Gauranga.

 

          One of the outstanding characteristics of Madhava dasa was that he never let a day go by without studying sastra.

 

          One day Madhava heard that his wife had come to Vrndavana.  Early the next morning he offered his obeisances to his guru and asked his permission to visit some other villages in Vraja.  But his guru said, "Because your wife is here you want to leave this place, but this is none of your business.  You are not going to support her by doing madhukari, she will do bhajan in her own way and you in your own way.  So why should you leave Vrndavana?"  Thus he remained in Vrndavana.  His wife stayed there for a while and then returned to her home.

 

          When he was in Kamyavana at the temple of Siddha baba, he came to know almost all the Vaishnavas of Vraja.  The leading devotees of Shri Vrndavana chose him as the Mahanta of the monastery of Siddha baba.  Madhava was more interested in bhajan than in accepting this position and the binding duties which came along with it, but to respect the command of the Vaishnavas he accepted the post for sometime.

 

          In (?) Shri Radhikanatha Gosvamipada came to Shri Vrndavana and Madhava dasa was enchanted by his beautiful dissertations on Hari katha.  Radhikanathaj was also fascinated by Madhava's attentive interest in hearing topics related to Krishna.  They quickly became extremely close friends.  Though Madhava dasa accepted Radhikanatha as his siksa guru, nevertheless, Radhikanatha considered him an intimate friend and not as a student.  Shri Radhavallava Gosvami of Shri Gopinatha temple also listened attentively while this Hari katha was narrated.

 

          In 1894 AD. Rajarsi Vanamali Bhadura came to Vrndavana and met Radhikanatha.  Thus he also came to know Shri Madhava dasa and they became such close friends that they appeared to be one in mind and body.  At that time Madhava dasa lived in the Thaura of the monastery of Gopalakrishna Gosvami prabhu. For more than twenty years Madhava dasa and Rajarsi Bahadur stayed in each others association, but Madhava never asked any financial assistance from him.  Madhava dasa always begged from Radhikanatha.  Siddha Jagadisa baba of Kali daha also loved Madhava very much.

 

          When Shri Radharamanacarana dasa babaji came to Vrndavana he was also pleased with Madhava dasa's behavior.  From that time on Shri Ramadasa babaji, disciple of Radharamana began to consider Madhava dasa as his guru.  In 1904 AD. Rajarsi Bahadura again came to Vrndavana and made a temple there where he could associate with Shrila Radhikanatha.  In 1905 AD. Shri Radhikanatha and Shri Rajarsi Bahadura had to leave Vrndavana for Plague, but Madhava dasa remained there.

 

          In 1895 AD., while Madhava dasa was staying in Shri Kunda, his Gurudeva fell ill and went to Agra to be treated by Dr. Roybahadura Navin.  Hearing this Madhava also went to Agra. His guru, and all the ladies of the household, were extremely happy to see Madhava.  Madhava stayed there and nursed his guru in every respect.

 

          Once at his guru's place a festival of Vaishnava seva was held.  Like a true Vaishnava, Madhava did not sit in the same line as the other Vaishnavas.  He never voluntarily shared the same row as the Vaishnavas when taking prasadam.  In this way he practiced humility.  Whenever any devotee became ill, Madhava took care of him very attentively.  Once in Varsana Shri Jagadananda babaji became seriously ill and could not digest anything.  Madhava dasa stayed with him and nursed Jagadananda until his last moment.  Madhava was also expert at foot massage, etc. which brought him the grace of many Vaishnavas.

 

          In 1911 AD. Shrila Radhikanatha Gosvami prabhu departed. Some time before that he erected a secluded bhajan kutir in Keyari vana, where his samadhi now stands.  That place was near Rajarsi Bhagura's temple and so it was a proper place for Hari katha, which was Radhikanatha's intention.  Also for that reason Madhava dasa came to stay in Dillira Bagan, which was near that place.  All the Vedic brahmanas who came to Vrndavana use to stay in Dillira Bagan.  During that time a great Vedantic sannyasi named Narayana Muni came there.  He was held in high esteem by the other sannyasis.  Very often he observed the vow of silence.  Although Madhava dasa did not know Sanskrit he very enthusiastically studied Bengali translations of CC., CBh., Parthana, and Premabhakticandrika. Observing Madhava's great love for scriptures, Narayana Muni began to associate with him. Seeing Narayana Muni's eagerness to hear, Madhava dasa began discussing the way of bhajan and the essence of Chaitanya Charitamrita.  Within a few days Muni learned Bengali and began reading CC.

 

          After a few days when another sannyasi named Krishnananda came in contact with Madhava dasa, he also became very attached to Madhava and asked his advice regarding Krishna bhajan.  Madhava dasa sent him to a prominent scholar of Vraja but Krishna dasa was not satisfied.  Madhava then advised him to read CC.  When Shrila Panagopala Gosvamipada went to Vrndavana, Krishnananda Swami took diksa from him and understanding the greatness of the Vaishnava sect, gave up the Gairik (saffron) robe.  He considered Madhava dasa as his guru and began practicing bhajan under Sakha rasa.

 

          When the king of Munger, Shri Raghunandana Prasad Singha, was a prince of 18/19 years old he came to Vrndavana guided by his devotional feelings.  He had previously met Shri Haricanran dasa babaji and through him he came in contact with Siddha Jagadisa baba, Shri Ramakrishna Pandita baba, Rajarsi Bahadura, Shri Dayala dasa babaji and Shri Madhava dasa babaji and was blessed by them.  Gradually he became very intimate with Madhava dasa.  Later when he became the king, he came to see Madhava dasa who said to him, "Raghunandana, when I die, Kamini babu won't let you go, they will surely ask you for the money for my funeral.  Do not give them anything.  Give me some money now and I will spend it to listen to kirtana and Krishna katha."  Immediately the king gave him Rs. 500.

 

          Madhava dasa lived for about 20 years in the Thaura of Gopala Cahdidar of Gopinatha Bag.  The Maharaja of Munger arranged many festivals there for the pleasure Madhava dasa and all the devotees.  Thus this place came to be known as Siddha-pitha.  In 1933 AD. Madhava dasa, with his head rested on the lap of Prana Gopala and listening to kirtana, departed from this world and entered into eternal Vrndavana.

 

22.     MADHAVA GHOSH:

 

          He belonged to Chaitanya sakha (CC. 1.10.115), although later he was counted under Nityananda sakha also.  He was the brother of the famous poet Vasudeva Ghosh (CC.1.11.18).  Both Madhava and Vasudeva accompanied Nityananda Prabhu on His preaching tour of Gauda (CC. 1.10.117-118).  Madhava composed twelve padas.  In his past incarnation he was Rasollasa.

 

23.     MADHAVA GUNAKARA/KAVINDRA:

 

          He was the compiler of Uddhava Duta.  Whether he was a Gaudiya Vaishnava is not known for certain.  His name is mentioned in Bangabhasa O Sahitya.

 

 

 

24.     MADHAVA MISRA:

 

          He belonged to Chaitanya sakha and was the son of Vilasa Acarya.  He was a Varendra brahmana and the father of Shri Gadadhara Pandita.  Pundarika Vidyanidhi was his close friend. Madhavendra Puri was Madhava's guru and his wife was Ratnavati devi.  Madhava was Vrsabhanu in his past incarnation (Premavilasa 20,22,24; Gauraganoddesadipika 56-57. His Shripata was at Beleti village in Chittagong (Bangladesh).

 

25.     MADHAVA MISRA (ACARYA):

 

          He was a Vaidika brahmana.  His father was Kalidasa and mother was Vidhumukhi devi (CC. 1.12.64, 1.10.119; Bhaktiratnakara 9.394, 10.373).  Madhava studied at Lord Gauranga's Sanskrit school for sometime.  When his widowed mother attempted to get him married, Madhava fled to Vrndavana.  He returned only after his mother's death.  It is possible that during his second pilgrimage to Vrndavana he was accompanied by Nityananda (Balarama dasa), the author of Premavilasa.

 

26.     MADHAVA MISRA:

 

          He was a contemporary of Lord Chaitanya.  His Shripata was at Saptagrama.  He moved from Saptagrama to Nanyapur village on the bank of the river Meghna in the southern part of the Mymensing district (Bangladesh).  That place is now known as Gosainpur.  In 1501 (?AD) he wrote Candilila.  He later became a Vaishnava.

 

27.     MADHAVA PANDITA:

 

          He belonged to Advaita sakha (CC. 1.12.64).

 

28.     MADHAVA PATTANAYAKA:

 

          He was a Gaura-devotee and an Odiya Karana by caste (Vaishnava Vandana).  It is said that he wrote on Chaitanyavilasa.  B.B. Majumdar is of the opinion that Locanadasa's Chaitanyamangala was influenced by Chaitanyavilasa. A copy of the manuscript of Chaitanyabilasa is preserved in the Orissa State Museum (No. O.L. 616 (C) and O.L. 945).  In this work Madhava states that he was a disciple of Gadadhara (Bhakti Movement in Orissa p. 86)

 

29.     MADHAVENDRAPURI:

 

          Once, Shri Madhavendra Puri traveled to Vrndavana, where he came upon the hill known as Govardhana.  Madhavendra Puri was almost mad in his ecstasy of love of Godhead, and he did not know whether it was day or night.  Sometimes he stood up, and sometimes he fell to the ground.  He could not discriminate whether he was in a proper place or not.  After circumambulating the hill, Madhavendra Puri went to GovindaA kunda and took his bath.  He then sat beneath a tree to take his evening rest.  While he was sitting beneath a tree, an unknown cowherd boy came with a pot of milk, placed it before Madhavendra Puri, and, smiling, addressed Him as follows: "Please drink the milk I have brought.  Why don't you beg some food to eat?  What kind of meditation are you undergoing?" When he saw the beauty of that boy Madhavendra Puri became very satisfied.  Hearing His sweet words, he forgot all hunger and thirst.  Madhavendra Puri said:  "Who are You?  Where do you reside?  And how did You know that I was fasting?"

 

          The boy replied:  "Sir, I am a cowherd boy, and I reside in this village.  In My village, no one fasts.  In this village a person can beg food from others and thus eat.  Some people drink only milk, but if a person does not ask anyone for food, I supply him all eatables.  The women who come here to take water saw you, and they supplied Me with this milk and sent Me to you.  I must go very soon to milk the cows, but I shall return and take back this milk pot from you."  Saying this, the boy left the place.  Indeed He suddenly could be seen no more, and Madhavendra Puri's heart was filled with wonder.

 

          After drinking the milk, Madhavendra Puri washed the pot and put it aside. He looked toward the path, but the boy never returned.  Madhavendra Puri could not sleep.  He sat and chanted the Hare Krishna maha-mantra, and at the end of the night he dozed a little, and his external activities stopped. In a dream Madhavendra Puri saw the very same boy.  The boy came before him and, holding his hand, took him to a bush in the jungle. The boy showed Madhavendra Puri the bush and said: "I reside in this bush, and because of this I suffer very much from severe cold, rain showers, winds and scorching heat. Please bring the people of the village and get them to take Me out of this bush. Then have them situate Me nicely on top of the hill.  Please construct a temple on the hill and install Me in that temple.  After this, wash Me with large quantities of cold water so that My body may be cleansed.  For many days I have been observing you, and I have been wondering, `When will Madhavendra Puri come here to serve Me?'  I have accepted your service due to your ecstatic love for Me.  Thus I shall appear, and by My audience all fallen souls will be delivered. My name is Gopala.  I am the lifter of Govardhana Hill.  I was installed by Vajra, and here I am the authority.  When the Mohammedans attacked, the priest who was serving Me hid Me in this bush in the jungle. Then he ran away out of fear of the attack.  Since the priest went away, I have been staying in this bush.  It is very good that you have come here.  No just remove Me with care.  After saying this, the boy

disappeared. 

 

          Then Madhavendra PUri woke up and began to consider his dream.  He began to lament:  "I saw Lord Krishna directly, but I could not recognize Him!"  Thus he fell down on the ground in ecstatic love.  Madhavendra Puri cried for some time, but then he fixed his mind on executing the order of Gopala.  Thus he became tranquil. 

 

          After taking his morning bath, Madhavendra Puri entered the village and assembled all the people.  Then he spoke as follows:  "The bushes are very dense, and we will not be able to enter the jungle.  Therefore take choppers and spades to clear the way." 

 

          After hearing this the people accompanied Madhavendra with great pleasure.  According to his directions, they cut down bushes, cleared a path and entered the jungle.  When they saw the Deity covered with dirt and grass, they were all struck with wonder and pleasure.

 

          They cleansed the body of the Deity and the stronger men assembled to carry Him to the top of the hill and the Deity was installed their.  All the brahmana priests of the village gathered together there and nine hundred pots of water were brought from Govinda-kunda to bathe the Lord.  Gopala was elaborately bathed, rubbed with scents, and dressed with beautiful garments.  After the bathing ceremony was finished bhoga arati was performed and all kinds of food was offered before the Deity.  Finally everyone offered prayers and obeisances, falling flat before the Deity in full surrender. 

 

          The villagers all brought their entire stocks of rice, dahl and wheat flour and an enormous feast was prepared.  In this way the Annakuta ceremony was performed, and Madhavendra Puri personally offered everything to Gopala.  Although Shri Gopala ate everything offered, still, by the touch of His transcendental hand, everything remained as before.  This was perceived by Madhavendra Puri. 

 

          Madhavendra Puri then brought a new cot and a new bedspread and made a bed and invited the Lord to take rest. After this, Shri Madhavendra Puri ordered everyone to take prasada.  All the brahmanas and their wives were fed first.

 

          Seeing the influence of Madhavendra Puri, all the people gathered there were struck with wonder.  They saw that the Annakuta ceremony, which had been performed before during the time of Krishna, was now taking place again by the mercy of Shri Madhavendra Puri.  Shri Madhavendra Puri did not eat anything throughout the day, but at night, after laying the Deity down to rest, he took a milk preparation.

 

          The next morning, the rendering of service to the Deity began again, and people from one village arrived with all kinds of food grains.  The inhabitants of the village brought to the Deity of Gopala as much food grains, ghee, yogurt and milk as they had in their village.  Thus, the next day there was an Annakuta ceremony.  After this, everyday the same type of ceremony was followed.  The devotees offered ten thousand cows for the service of Gopala.  Seeing this service to the Gopala Deity, Puri's mind was filled with joy.  Madhavendra Puri initiated two brahmanas from Gauda and engaged them in the service of Lord Gopala.

          In this way the Deity worship in the temple was very gorgeously performed for two years.  Then one day Madhavendra Puri had a dream.  In his dream, he saw Gopala, who said:  "My bodily temperature still has not decreased.  Please bring a sandalwood from the Malaya province and smear the pulp over My body to cool Me.  Bring sandalwood pulp from Jagannatha Puri. Kindly go quickly.  Since no one else can do it, you must."

 

          After having this dream, Madhavendra Puri Gosvami became very glad due to ecstasy of love of Godhead, and in order to execute the command of the Lord, he started east toward Bengal.  When he arrived at the house of Advaita Acarya in Santipura, the Acarya became very pleased upon seeing the ecstatic love of Godhead manifest in Madhavendra Puri. Advaita Acarya begged to be initiated by Madhavendra Puri. After initiating Him, Madhavendra Puri spent a few days with Shri Advaita discussing topics of Krishna.  One day Shri Jagannatha Misra invited Madhava Puri to his house. On his arrival Jagannatha washed his feet and fed him sumptuously. Seeing the great devotion of Saci and Jagannatha, Shri Puri Gosvami blessed them profusely.  As a result of his blessings, Shri Mahaprabhu was later born in that family.

 

          After a few days in Navadvipa, Shri Madhavendra Puri started for Odissa.  Within a few days he arrived at Remuna where Gopinatha is situated.  Upon seeing the beauty of the Deity, Madhavendra Puri was overwhelmed.  In the corridor of the temple, from which people generally viewed the Deity, Madhavendra Puri chanted and danced.  Then he sat down there and asked a brahmana what kinds of foods they offered to the Deity.  From the excellence of the arrangements, Madhavendra Puri understood by deduction that only the best food was offered.  Madhavendra Puri thought:  "I shall inquire from the priest what foods are offered to Gopinatha so that by making arrangements in our kitchen, we can offer similar foods to Shri Gopala."

 

          When the brahmana priest was questioned in this matter, he explained in detail what kinds of food were offered to the Deity of Gopinatha.  The brahmana priest said: "In the evening the Deity is offered sweet rice in twelve earthen pots. Because the taste is as good as nectar, it is named amrtaA keli.  This sweet rice is celebrated throughout the world as gopinatha-ksira.  It is not offered anywhere else in the world."

 

          While Madhavendra Puri was talking with the brahmana priest, the sweet rice was placed before the Deity as an offering.  Hearing this Madhavendra Puri thought as follows: "If, without my asking, a little sweet rice is given to me, I can then taste it and make a similar preparation to offer my Lord Gopala."  Madhavendra Puri became greatly ashamed when he desired to taste the sweet rice, and he immediately began to think of Lord Vishnu.  Puri Gosvami thought, "I have committed an offence.  I have desired to taste the preparation before it was offered to the Lord."  Thinking in this way Puri Gosvami left and went to a near-by vacant marketplace.  Sitting there he began to chant. 

          In the meantime, the temple priest laid the Deity down to rest, finished his daily duties, and went to take rest.  In  a dream he saw the Gopinatha Deity come to talk to him, and He spoke as follows:  "Please get up and open the door of the temple.  I have kept one pot of sweet rice for the sannyasi Madhavendra Puri.  This pot of sweet rice is just behind My cloth curtain.  You did not see it because of My tricks.  A sannyasi named Madhavendra Puri is sitting in the vacant marketplace.  Please take this pot of sweet rice from behind Me and deliver it to him."  The priest immediately got up, took his bath and went into the temple where he found the condensed milk concealed behind the curtain.  Immediately he took the pot and went to market and began searching, calling out the name of Madhavendra Puri.  Then he saw a sannyasi chanting with his eyes filled with tears. As soon as the priest saw him, he could understand that he was Madhavendra Puri.  After asking his name, the priest gave him the pot of sweet rice and told him everything about the dream.

 

          Hearing this story Shri Madhavendra Puri was filled with ecstatic love.  Seeing the ecstatic loving symptoms manifest in Madhavendra Puri, the priest was struck with wonder.  He could understand why Krishna had become so much obliged to him, and he saw that Krishna's action was befitting.  The priest offered his obeisances and returned to the temple.

 

          Then, in ecstasy, Madhavendra Puri ate the sweet rice offered to him by Krishna.  After this, he washed the pot and broke it into pieces.  He then bound all the pieces in his outer cloth and kept them nicely.  Each day, Madhavendra Puri would eat one piece of that earthen pot, and after eating it he would immediately be overwhelmed with ecstasy.

 

          Afterwards Madhavendra Puri began to think, "The Lord has given me a pot of sweet rice, and when the people hear of this tomorrow morning, there will be great crowds."  Thinking this, he offered his obeisances to Gopinatha on the spot and left Remuna before morning. 

 

          Shri Madhavendra Puri went to Nilacala and saw Lord Jagannatha.  At that time various symptoms of loving ecstasy appeared on his body.  When he arrived in Puri people were aware of this transcendental reputation.  Therefore crowds of people came and offered him all sorts of respect in devotion. Even though one may not like it, reputation, as ordained by providence, comes to him.  Indeed one's transcendental reputation is known throughout the entire world.  Being afraid of his reputation (pratishtha), Madhavendra Puri fled from Remuna.  But the reputation brought by love of Godhead is so sublime that it goes along with the devotee as if following him. 

 

          Shri Madhavendra Puri told all the residents there about the appearance of Shri Gopala.  When all the devotee of Jagannatha Puri heard that the Gopala Deity wanted sandalwood, in great pleasure they all endeavored to collect it.  Those who were acquainted with government officers met with them and begged for camphor and sandalwood, which they collected.  The king gave a strong servant to Madhava Puri to carry the sandal and camphor and also gave all the documents and clearance certificate for crossing the boundary of the estate.

 

          In this way Madhavendra Puri started for Vrndavana with the sandalwood, and after some days reached the village of Remuna and the Gopinatha temple there.  When the priest of Gopinatha saw Madhavendra Puri again, he offered all respects to him ad, giving him the sweet rice prasada, made him eat. 

 

          Madhavendra Puri took rest that night in the temple, but toward the end of the night he had another dream.  He dreamed that Gopala came before him and said:  "O Madhavendra Puri, I have already received all the sandalwood and camphor.  Now just grind all the sandalwood together with the camphor and then smear the pulp on the body of Gopinatha daily until it is finished.  There is no difference between My body and Gopinatha's body.  They are one and the same.  Therefore if you smear the sandalwood pulp on the body of Gopinatha, you will naturally also smear it on My body.  Thus the temperature of My body will be reduced.  You should not hesitate to act according to My order.  Believing in Me, just do what is needed."  After giving these instructions Gopala disappeared, and Madhavendra Puri awoke.  He immediately called for all the servants of Gopinatha and they came before him.  Madhavendra Puri said, "Smear the body of Gopinatha with this camphor and sandalwood I have brought for Gopala in Vrndavana.  Do this regularly every day."

 

          The servants of Gopinatha became very pleased to hear that in the summer all the sandalwood pulp would be used to anoint the body of Gopinatha.  In this way Gopinathaji was supplied ground sandalwood pulp daily.  At the end of the summer, Madhavendra Puri returned to Jagannatha Puri.

 

          Shrimad Krishnadasa Kaviraja has described Shri Madhavendra Puri as the root of all transcendental joy.  When Lord Chaitanya was absorbed in his childhood pastimes, Shri Madhavendra Puri was quite an old man.  There is no mention of any meeting between Mahaprabhu and Shri Madhavendra Puri in CC. or CBh.  But in CBh., when Shri Vrndavana dasa Thakura describes the pilgrimage of Shri Nityananda Prabhu, he mentions that Nityananda Prabhu did meet Madhavendra Puri.  He also states that Nityananda Prabhu spent a few days serving Shri Madhavendra Puri and accepted him as His spiritual master. Vrndavana dasa was also described Madhavendra Puri's delight upon having the company of Shri Nityananda.

 

          After spending a few days with Madhava Puri, Shri Nityananda returned to Vrndavana, and Madhava Puri left on pilgrimage for South India.  Generally Madhavendra Puri was accompanied by Shri Isvara Puri, Shri Ranga Puri and Paramananda Puri and some other sannyasis.

 

          When Shri Madhavendra Puri left this material world, the following sloka was uttered by him:

 

         "ayi dinadayadaranatha hey mathuranatha kadavalokyase,

           hrdayam tvadlokakataram dayita bhramyati kim karomyayam

                   (CC. 2.17)

 

          The people of Gauda have accepted this stanza as the sum and substance of the mood of separation.  Lord Chaitanya was overwhelmed with joy upon remembering this sloka.

 

          Outwardly, Madhava Puri was a sannyasi belonging to the Dasanami Sankara sect.  But in fact, he was the root of the tree of prema bhakti.  Before the Lord appeared in this world he sent His personal associates beforehand, Shri Madhava Puri was one of them.  Krishnadasa Kaviraja and Shri Vrndavana dasa Thakura have not mentioned anything regarding Madhavendra Puri's caste or creed.

 

          Shri Madhavendra Puri lived for many years, and taught love and devotion throughout the world.  He visited many places throughout India, and the exact number of his disciples is not known.  Some of his prominent disciples were Shri Advaita Acarya, Shri Pundarika Vidyanidhi, Shri Paramananda Puri, Shri Ranga Puri, Shri Brahmananda Puri, Shri Brahmananda Bharati, Shri Kesava Bharati, Shri Krishnananda Puri, Shri Ramacandra Puri, Shri Nrsimha Tirtha, Shri Nityananda Prabhu, Shri Isvara Puri, Shri Raghupati Upadhya and Shri Sukhananda Puri etc. (Bhaktiratnakara 5.2272-2274, 5.2330,2332;  CBh. 1.9.158A 188, 1.9.160, 1.9.175, 1.11.125, 3.3.59, 3.3.172, 3.4.433A 507).  Five padas composed by Madhavendra Puri have been included in Padyavali (nos. 79,96,164,286,330)

 

30.     MADHAVI DEVI:

 

          Shri Madhavi devi was the youngest sister of Shri Sikhi Mahiti, who lived in Odissa.  Shri Krishnadasa Kaviraja described her in CC. as an elderly lady who always performed austerities and was a great Vaisnavi.  Shri Mahaprabhu accepted her as a former associate of Shrimati Radharani.  In the entire world, three and a half persons who were His intimate devotees.  They were Svarupa Damodara Gosvami, Ramananda Raya, Sikhi Mahiti and the half was Madhavi devi (CC. 3.2.104-106).

 

          Kavi Karnapura Gosvami described her as an exalted lady of great intelligence.  By her influence her two brothers, Sikhi Mahiti and Shri Murari, became attracted to Shri Gaurasundara.

 

          Shri Madhavi devi established the worship of the Deity of Shri Gopinatha in the village of Bentpur, near the residence of Shri Bhavananda Roy, which was near Alalnatha.  This Deity is still being worshiped there.  Shri Sikhi Mahiti was the son of Bhavananda Roy's brother.  It is said that Shri Madhavi devi was the author of the Sanskrit drama Shri Purusottamonatakadeva.  Some say that Madhavi devi was appointed by King Prataparudra to write the Panja which was known as Madla Panji in Jagannatha temple.

          In order to serve Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, Choto Haridasa collected fine rice from Shri Madhavi devi.

 

          In her past incarnation she was a maid-servant to Shri Radha named Kalakeli (Gauraganoddesadipika 189, CC. 1.10.137). She was a follower of Sudhamargi.  Some of her Bengali poems are found in Padakalpataru.  She is also mentioned in Krishnadasa Kaviraja's Chaitanyaganoddesadipika, this manuscript is preserved in the Orissa State Museum, Catalogue no. L470 (B)

 

31.     MADHAVI DEVI:

 

          She was the wife of Ragava (Raghu Cakravarti).  Her daughter, Laksmipriya, was the second wife of Shrinivasa Acarya (Bhaktiratnakara 13.206).  (See `Raghunatha Cakravarti')

 

32.     MADHAVILATA:

 

          She was the sister of Panua Gopala of Mangaldihi.  She and her brother were engaged in the service of Shri Shri Syamacand.

 

33.     MADHO:

 

          He was the companion of Shri Syamananda and a disciple of Rasikananda (Rasikamangala Pascima 14.137).

 

34.     MADHO RAYA:

 

          He was a Vaishnava poet.  Four padas composed by him in Vrajbhasa are included in the Padakalpataru.

 

35.     MADHU BISVAS:

 

          He was the disciple of Shri Hemalata devi, daughter of Shrinivasa Acarya (Karnananda 2).

 

36.     MADHU SIL:

 

          He belonged to a barber clan. Some say that he was the barber who shaved Lord Chaitanya's head when He took sannyasa.

 

37.     MADHUKANTA DVIJA:

 

          He was the compiler of Jagannathamangala and a composer of padas (Bangiya sahityasevak).

 

38.     MADHURIJI:

 

          He was the disciple of Shri Rupa Gosvami.  His Madhurivani is a gem amongst Gaudiya Vaishnava literature.  His padavali is divided into seven volumes; 1. Vansivata Vilasamadhuri, 2. Utkantha Madhuri, 3. Keli-madhuri, 4. Vrndavanaviharamadhuri, 5. Danamadhuri, 6. Manamadhuri, 7. Horimadhuri.  These padavali where composed around Samvat 1678.

39.     MADHUSUDANA:

 

          He belonged to Chaitanya sakha.  His name is mentioned in Sakhavarnana (CC. 1.10.111).

 

40.     MADHUSUDANA:

 

          He was a disciple of Shri Syamananda (Premavilasa 20).

             

41.     MADHUSUDANA:

 

          He was a composer of padas.  Padakalpataru contains five of his padas.

 

42.     MADHUSUDANA CAKRAVARTI:

 

          He was the disciple of Shri Ganganarayana Cakravarti, and a grand-disciple of Narottama Thakura (Narottamavilasa 11).

 

43.     MADHUSUDANA DASA:

 

          He lived in Shrikhanda and belonged to the sakha of Narahari Sarkara Thakura.  He played musical instruments during kirtana.

 

44.     MADHUSUDANA DASA BABA:

 

          He was born in a Kulina family, he was a lover of Krishna and full of the spirit of renunciation from his early childhood.  Against his wishes his parents arranged his marriage when he was a boy.  On the night of his wedding he ran away from the bridal room and went to Shri Vrndavana.  Not wanting to be detected by anyone he stayed secluded places. Sometimes he spent many days on the bank of the Jamuna without taking any food.

 

          One day he was sitting on the bank of the Jamuna contemplating the idea of taking initiation from some Vaishnava Mahanta.  Suddenly a scion of the lineage of Gangamata came there to take his bath in the river.  That Mahanta instructed Madhusudana to take bath in the Jamuna and afterwards he would initiate him.  Filled with joy, Madhusudana immediately did as directed and the Mahatma initiated him into the Dasakshara (ten-lettered) mantra, explaining to him the import of the mantra.  After receiving the mantra Madhusudana went into a trance.  When he regained external consciousness the Mahatma had vanished before he could even ask his identity.

 

          Madhusudana began chanting the mantra and roamed from one place to another, eventually arriving at Manasi Ganga.  There he took shelter at the lotus feet of Krishnadasa Babaji saying, "I am an uneducated boy, please be merciful to me and instruct me about performing bhajan.  Seeing the boy's spiritual effulgence, Siddha Baba asked his identity and Madhusudana told him everything.  After hearing his story Siddha Baba said, "You know that our method of performing raganuga bhajan must have its hereditary link, that link is established by knowing the lineage of your guru, but you know nothing about your guru's identity or his family.  Thus you have no right to do raganuga bhajan.  Yet you have been given a mantra, therefore you should not be initiated again.  For these reasons I cannot teach you bhajan."

 

          At that time strict observance of the customs of the different sects was followed and no one deviated from it. Hearing Siddha Baba's words Madhusudana burst out crying. This touched the heart of Siddha Baba, who then instructed him to go to Siddha Jaykrishna Dasa Babaji of Kamyavana, who had the power to tell him about his Gurudeva's identity and lineage.

 

          Madhusudana hurried to Kamyavana and Siddha Baba listened to his story.  Although he understood everything, Siddha Baba did not want to deviate from the custom of the sect and thus he said, "Brother, I am unable to understand from your account.  But you should not disregard the factor of your diksa.  It is clear that in the present situation you have no right to do raganuga bhajan.  Go and do Harinama alone and whatever is the desire of Shri Mahaprabhu and Shrimati Radharani, that will come to pass.  It may be that your guru, who is the representative of God, has given you the initiation you desired, it is he who will fulfill the rest of your desire."

 

          Feeling extremely depressed Shri Madhusudana went to Radha kunda.  He began to think, "If I am not entitled to do bhajan then what is the use of keeping this body alive.  Tonight I will drown myself in the waters of Shri Kunda."  That evening at midnight he tied a Govardhana sila around his neck and dove into the water of Shri Kunda and sank deep into the water. Suddenly, someone took off the stone from around his neck, put a piece of palm leaf in his hand and threw him on the bank of the kunda.  When the morning came Madhusudana was disappointed that he had not died, but was happy to find the palm leaf in his hand.  He then went to Siddha Baba of Govardhana and told him everything, except about the palm leaf.  Siddha baba sent him to Siddha baba Jaykrishna of Kamyavana.  Siddha Jaykrishna saw the palm leaf and said, "You have attained the extraordinary mercy of Shri Radha.  Go back to Shri Kunda and pray to Shri Radha and she will not doubt fulfil you desire by bestowing her mercy upon you."

 

          Madhusudana did as instructed and, by the grace of Siddha Baba that night, Shri Radha appeared and instructed him, "Go and stay at Surya kunda and practice bhajan there, you will attain siddhi there.  Do not give diksa in the mantra which has been given by me, keep it a secret throughout your life." Later in his life Madhusudana taught many disciples bhajan but he never gave mantra diksa.

 

          At a fairly advanced age Madhusudana heard that his wife was coming to meet him.  Immediately he left for Govardhana and foiled his wife's attempts to meet him.

 

          Shortly afterwards Madhusudana developed a serious sore on his leg.  Thinking that his death was certain he tied a piece of cloth around the sore and went to a deserted spot in the forest. When the Vaishnavas from the area realized that Madhusudana had disappeared they were all greatly distressed. As Madhusudana's affliction grew he simply chanted the name of Radharani, awaiting death.  For two days he remained in that state without having a drop of water.  Because he did not want to be found he chanted quietly with tears rolling down his face. 

          Seeing his pitiful state Shri Radha, the goddess of mercy, could no longer restrain herself.  She took the form of a young Vraja girl, who Madhusudana was acquainted with, and came before him in the afternoon of the third day carrying some capatis and water.  Seeing him she said, "Why do you remain here in this pitiful state?  I had to search everywhere to find you.  You did not come for madhukari yesterday, nor the day before, thus my mother sent some for you-please take it."  Madhusudana had known this girl for a long time and he replied teasingly with mock-anger, "Why do you come here?  How did you know I was lying here?"  The girl replied, "I keep track of everything.  Now you please eat and let me go, I have some work to do."  Madhusudana answered, "I won't eat these so you better take them back."  Comforting Madhusudana the girl said, "My mother has instructed me to see that you finish eating everything I have brought.  Everyone has to undergo one type of physical suffering or another, come and fill yourself."  Hearing the soothing words of the young girl Madhusudana felt impelled to eat everything.  He then warned the girl not to come again.  The girl looked at him with a soft smile, then left.

 

          Sometime later Madhusudana realized that there was no pain in his body.  He removed the cloth and to his amazement found that the sore was completely healed.  Slowly he raised himself up and went to the house of the girl who had brought him the food.  He asked the Vrajmayi of the house where her daughter was.  She replied that she has been at her father-inA law's house for the last three months.  Madhusudana then clearly understood the mystery and tearfully went back to his kutir.  Although Madhusudana did not want this story to become known, he could not hide what had happened and thus he became known as `Siddha.'

 

          After this incident large numbers of Vaishnavas approached him for spiritual guidance.  Early one morning one Babaji requested Madhusudana to explain the glories of Yogapitha. Madhusudana began explaining and gradually became so absorbed that he went into samadhi.  The Vaishnavas present tried to bring him back to consciousness by performing kirtana but were unsuccessful.  To this day the death anniversary of Madhusudana is celebrated at his burial site in Suryakunda. 

 

          This episode, however, is narrated in a different way by Vrajvasi Vihari dasaji:  In the month of Kartika (Oct-Nov) the Baba of Suryakunda, Madhusudana, once announced that he was going to recite from Bhagavatam.  Hearing this the ladies of Vraja requested that he recite in Bengali and then translate into Vrajbhasa.  He then began reciting from Rasapancadhyayi.

 

          The son of a low-caste man residing at Suryakunda attended the discourses given by Madhusudana daily.  Seeing this several of the listeners began to criticize.  On the final day of the recital that boy sat on the lap of Madhusudana and listened to the class.  After some time this boy asked, "Babaji! Where did Lord Krishna take rest after Rasa? Was it at Sevakunja or at Sanket-vana?  Suddenly the sound of an explosion was heard and Madhusudana passed away.  His burial coti is still found in Suryakunda.  (This second story was noted by Sanatana dasa, a resident of Navadvipa.)

 

45.     MADHUSUDANA GHATAK:

 

          He was the father-in-law of the lame Bhagavanacarya. (See `Bhagavan Acarya')

 

46.     MADHUSUDANA SARASVATI:

 

          He lived at Kotalipada village in Faridpur in Bangladesh (1540-1632 AD).  He was an Advaitavadi but later became a great Vaishnava.  He wrote explanations of the first sloka of Shrimad Bhagavatam, hints on Vedstuti, Rasapancadhyayi, Gitagudarthadipika, Drama Krishnakutuhala, Bhaktirasayana, Sanilyasutra.  Visvanatha Cakravarti frequently quoted statements from Madhusudana's tika of Bhagavad gita 9.15, 13.12, 14.27, 15.18.

 

47.     MADHUSUDANA VACASPATI:

 

          He was a famous scholar of Kasi and the Vedanta teacher of Shri Jiva Gosvami.  He was the disciple of Vasudeva Sarvabhauma of Nilacala.  (Bhaktiratnakara 1.776-778)

 

49.     MADHVACARYA:      

 

          He was born in a Sivanni brahmana class family in the Pajakakshetra of Udupi village in the year 1040 Saka.  His parents were Shri Madhyageha Bhatta and Shrimati Vedavidya.  His childhood name was Vasudeva.  At the age of twelve he was initiated by Acyutapreksha.  His sannyasa name was Purnaprajna. 

 

          He obtained the Deity of Udupi Krishna (Nrtya Gopala) from a boat full of gopi-candana.  The Deity is holding a curdA making stick in one hand and a string, used for pasting curd, in the other hand.  Though the Deity was very heavy, Madhvacarya carried it alone from Vadabhandesvara.  The Acarya class of Madhvatattvavada previously called the Madhva math Uttaradi Math of Udupi.  The main head of this math was Shri Padmanava Tirtha.  The following are the names of the eight Udupi maths and their main heads:

 

1.       Palimara        -         Shri Hrsikesa Tirtha

2.       Adamara       -         Narahari

3.       Krishnapura    -         Janardana

4.       Puttige -         Upendra

5.       Siruru  -                  Vamana

6.       Sode             -         Vishnu

7.       Kanuru -         Shrirama

8.       Pejavara        -         Adhokshaja

 

          The following are the names of the Deities in the above mentioned maths respectively: Shri Ramacandra, Shri Krishna, Caturvuja Kaliya-mardana Shri Krishna, Vitthaladeva, Vitthaladeva, Bhuvaraha deva, Nrsimha deva, and Vitthala deva. In the Shri Krishna matha there is a Deity of Balakrishna, installed by Madhvacarya.

 

          The following are books written by Madhvacarya:

 

1.       Gitabhasya

2.       Brahma Sutrabhasya

3.       Anubhasya

4.       Pramana-lakshana

5.       Tattva-viveka

6.       Rigbhasya

7.       Upanisada bhasya

8.       Gita Tatparya Nirnaya

9.       Dvadasa Stotryas

10.     Shri Krishnamaharnava

11.     Shrimadbhagavata Tatparya

12.     Shri Mahabharata Tatparyanirnaya

13.     Shri Krishna Stuti

 

          The major works of Madhvacarya are his commentaries on the Brahmasutras, Upanisads, and the Bhagavad gita.  Most of his thirty-four works are philosophical, although there are a few poems and devotional compositions.  Yamaka Bharata is a poem narrating the story of Mahabharata in Yamaka verse. Bharata Talparya Nirnaya are his learned critiques on the Bhagavata and the Mahabharata.  He was also wrote commentaries on some hymns in the Rg Veda.  He relied heavily on evidence from the Puranas, rather than on the Vedic texts or logic. (An Encyclopedia of South Indian Culture pp. 278-279)

 

49.     MAHADEVA BHATTACARYA:

 

          Mahadeva was born in 1468 AD., his father was Vasudeva Bhattacarya.  His elder brother, Shrila Kasisvara Pandita, greatly inspired him in spiritual life.  His son was Murari. (See `Kasisvara Pandita')

 

50.     MAHALAKSMI DEVI:

 

          She was the mother of Mahavacarya, who was the father-inA law of Shri Ganga devi, daughter of Nityananda.  She was the wife of Visvesvara Acarya.  She died just after giving birth to her child.  (See `Visvesvara Acarya')

 

51.     MAHAMAYA:

 

          She was the disciple of Shrinivasa Acarya, the wife of Shri Govinda Kaviraja, and the mother of the king Divya Simha. (See `Govinda Kaviraja')

 

52.     MAHAMAYA:

 

          She was the wife of Uddharana Datta Thakura.

 

53.     MAHAMAYA DEVI:

 

          She was the mother of Shri Vishnupriya devi and Yadava Misra.  Her husband was Shri Sanatana Misra.  (See `Vishnupriya')

 

54.     MAHANTA:

 

          There are sixty-four famous Mahantas who were devotees of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, Shri Nityananda Prabhu, and Shri Advaita Prabhu. (Gauraganoddesadipika 14-17)

 

55.     MAHANANDA:

 

          He lived at Navagrama of Shrihatta.  He was the father of Shri Nabha devi, and maternal grandfather of Advaita Prabhu (Premavilasa 24).

 

56.     MAHANANDA CAUDHURI:

 

          He was the disciple of Shrila Raghunandana Thakura, and the brother of Shri Cakrapani Caudhuri.  Once he had to sail to Gauda with the Deity of Shri Vrndavanacandra, given to him by Narahari Sarkara.  Along the way the boat sank in the river Padma and he had to float in the river for three days, without eating, clasping the Deity to his chest.  Finally he reached Pokhriya village and from there went to Shrikhanda.  The bank which he eventually reached is still known as Vrndavanacandrera Ghat (the bank of Vrndavanacandra).  He installed the Deity of Vrndavanacandra there and traveled on with his own Deity.  (Shrikhandera Pracina Vaishnava p. 229)

 

57.     MAHANANDA VIDYABHUSANA:

 

          He was the relative of Shri Jayananda dasa, the author of Chaitanyamangala.

 

58.     MAHAPATRA:

 

          A devotee of Mahaprabhu who worked under King Prataparudra deva as the frontier guard of Orissa.  When Mahaprabhu was going to Vrndavana from Nilacala He crossed the frontier of Cuttack where he met this frontier guard, who eagerly invited the Lord to stay at his house for a few days. Raja Prataparudra had ordered his guards to help Chaitanya Mahaprabhu in His travels, thus Mahapatra told the Lord, "Muslims are now fighting with us so the crossing of frontiers is now forbidden, especially the route which you are taking via Pichalda, which is occupied by a notorious Yavana.  Due to fear of him no one can cross the river.  First let me negotiate with him and then You can go."  Hearing this Mahaprabhu smiled slightly.

          However, when the Yavana heard from his spies about the Mahaprabhu's eminent arrival he suddenly had a change of heart, his cruel and wicked nature disappeared.  He sent his faithful Adhikari Visvasa to meet Mahaprabhu.  Mahapatra was astonished when he realized what had happened and he permitted the Yavana Adhikari to come to his country to meet the Lord. The Yavana Adhikari was overjoyed to meet Shri Chaitanya and became a great devotee of the Lord.  (CC. 2.16.157-160)

 

59.     MAHAPRABHU:

 

          See `Krishnachaitanya'

 

60.     MAHARASTRIAN BRAHMANA:

 

          When the Mayavadi sannyasis at Varanasi were criticizing Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu anywhere and everywhere in Varanasi, the Maharastrian brahmana, hearing this blasphemy, began to think about this unhappily:  "Whoever closely sees the characteristics of Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu immediately realizes His personality and accepts Him as the Supreme Lord. If by some means I can assemble all the sannyasis together, they will certainly become His devotees after seeing his personal characteristics. I shall have to reside at Varanasi the rest of my life.  If I do not try to carry out this plan, I shall certainly continue to suffer mental depression." Thinking like this, the Maharastrian brahmana extended an invitation to all the sannyasis of Varanasi.  After this, he finally approached Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu to extend Him an invitation. He immediately fell at the lotus feet of the Lord and requested Him to accept his proposal in a joyful mood. Lord Chaitanya smiled and accepted the invitation of the brahmana.  He made this gesture to show His mercy to the Mayavadi sannyasi. 

 

          As soon as Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu saw the sannyasis He immediately offered obeisances, and then He went to wash His feet.  After washing His feet, He sat down by the place where He had done so.  After sitting on the ground, Chaitanya Mahaprabhu exhibited His mystic power by manifesting an effulgence as brilliant as the illumination of millions of suns.  When the sannyasis saw the brilliant illumination of the Lord's body, their minds were attracted, and they all immediately gave up their sitting places and stood in respect.

 

          The leader of all the Mayavadi sannyasis present was named Prakasananda Sarasvati, and after standing up he addressed Lord Chaitanya as follows with great respect, "Please come here.  Please come here, Your Holiness.  Why do You sit in that unclean place?  What has caused Your lamentation?"

 

          The Lord replied, "I belong to a lower order of sannyasis.  Therefore I do not deserve to sit with you." Prakasananda Sarasvati, however, caught Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu personally by the hand and seated Him with great respect in the midst of the assembly.

 

          Prakasananda then said: "I understand that Your name is Krishna Chaitanya.  You are a disciple of Shri Kesava Bharati, and therefore You are glorious.  You belong to our SankaraA sampradaya and live in our village, Varanasi. Why then do You not associate with us?  Why is it that You avoid even seeing us?  You are a sannyasi.  Why then do You indulge in chanting and dancing, engaging in Your sankirtana movement in the company of fanatics?  Meditation and the study of Vedanta are the sole duties of a sannyasi.  Why do You abandon these to dance with fanatics?  You look as brilliant as if You were Narayana Himself.  Will You kindly explain the reason that You have adopted the behavior of lower-class people.?"

 

          Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu replied, "My dear sir, kindly hear the reason.  My spiritual master considered Me a fool, and therefore he chastised Me.  `You are a fool,' he said. "You are not qualified to study Vedanta philosophy and therefore You must always chant the holy name of Krishna. This is the essence of all mantras or Vedic hymns.  In this age of Kali there is no other religious principle than the chanting of the holy name, which is the essence of all Vedic hymns. This is the purport of all scriptures.'  Since I received this order from My spiritual master, I always chant the holy name, alone and in the association of devotees.  That holy name of Lord Krishna sometimes causes Me to chant and dance, and therefore I chant and dance.  Please do not think that I intentionally do it.  I do it automatically."

 

          After hearing Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu's words, all the Mayavadi sannyasis were moved. Their minds changed, and thus they said, "Dear sir, there is no objection to Your being a great devotee of Lord Krishna.  Everyone is satisfied with this. But why do You avoid discussion on the Vedanta-sutra?  What is the fault in it?"

 

          Smiling slightly the Lord said, "My dear sirs, if you don't mind I can say something to you regarding Vedanta philosophy."  The Lord then went on to thoroughly explain the purport of the Vedanta-sutra and the actual mission of Shri Sankaracarya.

 

          When all the Mayavadi sannyasis thus heard the explanation of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu they spoke very humbly. "Dear sir, You are Vedic knowledge personified and are directly Narayana Himself.  Kindly excuse us for the offenses we previously committed by criticizing You."  From that moment their minds changed, and on the instruction of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, they too chanted "Krishna! Krishna!" always.  Thus Lord Chaitanya excused all the offenses of the Mayavadi sannyasis and very mercifully blessed them with Krishna-nama. (CC. Adi.)

 

          The Maharastrian brahmana's happiness knew no bounds. With tearful eyes he fell at the feet of Mahaprabhu and said, "You are the fulfiller of all desires!  By Your mercy all of my desires have been fulfilled."  After that he entered the dining area along with Mahaprabhu, Prakasananda and the other devotees.  While taking prasada, Mahaprabhu shouted, "Hari! Hari!.  On that day Kasi became overwhelmed with love for Krishna.

 

          After staying a few days in Kasi, Mahaprabhu bid farewell to His devotees and left for Puri.

 

61.     MAHATTAMA VAISNAVA:

 

          He was a Vilasa parsad of Shri Visvambhara in Shri Navadvipa Dhama.  (Gauraganoddesadipika 15)

 

62.     MAHATTARA VAISNAVA:

 

          When Lord Chaitanya was residing in Nilacala, this devotee was His well-known associate.

 

63.     MAHESA CAUDHURI:

 

          He was from the sakha of Narottama Thakura Mahasaya. (Premavilasa 20)

 

64.     MAHESA PANDITA:

 

          Shri Vrndavana dasa Thakura has described Mahesa Pandita as a great Mahanta and a dear associate of Nityananda Prabhu (CBh. 3.6.474).  He was one of the twelve Gopalas of Vraja. Absorbed in love for Krishna he would dance like a drunken man (CC. 1.11.32).  According to GGD 129, he was a sakha of Krishna, by the name of Mahavahu.  He was present in Panihati at the time of the Cida-Dahi festival (CC. 3.6.62).  His Shripata is presently at Cakdaha, although it is possible that he had previously stayed in Shri Hatta.  Some people are of the opinion that Mahesa Pandita was the younger brother of Shri Jagadisa Pandita of Jasoda, but there is doubt about the authenticity of this statement  (CC. Adi-purport).  When Narottama Thakura came to Kharda, he paid obeisances to Mahesa Pandita.

 

          Mahesa Pandita left this world on the 13th day of the dark fortnight of Pausa (Dec.-Jan.).  According to Bimanbihari Majumdar (CCU. p.669) the Mahesa Pandita mentioned under Chaitanya sakha in CC. 1.10.109 is a different person from the above noted Mahesa Pandita.

 

65.     MAHESVARA VISARADA:

 

          He was the father of Shri Vasudeva Sarvabhauma and Vidya Vacaspati of Vidyanagara (CBh Madhya 2.21.6).  He was also known as Narahari Visarad.

 

 

 

66.     MAHENDRA GIRI:

 

          His name is mentioned in Jayananda's Chaitanyamangala p.88.

 

67.     MAHIDHARA:

 

          He belonged to Nityananda sakha (CC. 1.11.45).

 

68.     MAKARADHVAJA:

 

          He was Sukesi in Vraja (GGD 168).

 

69.     MAKRADHVAJA DATTA:

 

          He was Kurangakshi in Krishna lila (Vaishnavacar Darpana).

 

70.     MAKARADVAJA KAR:

 

          He was a kayastha by caste and belonged to the sakha of Shri Chaitanya.  In Vraja he was the actor named Candramukha (GGD 141).  He was the disciple of Raghava Pandita.  His Shripata was at Panihati in 24 Parganas where the temple and samadhi of Raghava Pandita used to exist, but there is not trace of Makaradhvaja's tomb.

 

71.     MAKARADVAJA PANDITA:

 

          This was the former name of Shri Gopalaguru.  He was the son of Shri Murari Pandita.

 

72.     MAKARADVAJA SEN:

 

          He was Manjumedha sakhi in Krishna lila (Vaishnavacar Darpana).

 

73.     MAKARANDA:

 

          He lived in Gujarat and was the disciple of Shrila Gopala Bhatta Gosvami. (Premavilasa 18)

 

74.     MALADHAR BASU GUNARAJA KHAN:

 

          In 1573 AD. he began writing Shri Krishnavijaya, it was completed in the saka era 1401.  Mahaprabhu greatly appreciated this book. Bhaktivinoda Thakura took great care to publish one edition of the manuscript of Shri Krishnavijaya. Maladhar was the 13th generation descendant of Dasaratha Basu. (Bangabhasa O Sahitya)

 

75.     MALADHAR BRAHMACARI:

 

          Jayananda referred to him in Chaitanyamangala p. 13, when describing Navadvipa lila.

 

 

76.     MALATI:

 

          She was the wife of Shri Sivananda Sen and was Indumati in Krishnalila (GGD. 176).

 

77.     MALATI DEVI:

 

          She was the disciple of Shri Syamananda and the wife of Rasikananda.

 

78.     MALATI DEVI (THAKURJI):

 

          She was a disciple of Shrinivasa.  Her Shripata was at Kancanagadia.  Her father was Kumuda (Kalanidhi) Catta.  Her husband was Rajendra, and her co-wife was Phullari (Phullari Thakurani). (Karnananda 1)

 

79.     MALAYA KAJI:

 

          He was the Adhikari of Ambuamuluka (an estate). According to Premavilasa 24, he was the sustainer of Shrila Haridasa Thakura.

 

80.     MALINI DEVI:

 

          She was the wife of Shri Abhirama Gosvami (Bhaktiratnakara 4.108).  Some say that she was also known as Malati Devi.

 

81.     MALINI THAKURANI:

 

          She was the wife of Shrivasa Pandita and was Amvika in Krishnalila.  She was a brahmana woman who lived in Navadvipa and treated Nityananda Prabhu as her son. (CBh. 2.11.8-10, 2.11.32-44).

 

82.     MALINI THAKURANI:

 

          She belonged to the branch of Shrila Raghunandana of Shrikhanda and was the wife of Shri Mahananda Cowdhuri.     

 

83.     MAMU GOSVAMI/THAKURA:

 

          Jagannatha Cakravarti was his original name.  He was the nephew of Shri Nilambara Cakravarti and lived in the village of Magdoha in Faridpura.  He belonged to the sakha of Gadadhara (CC.1.12.80).  After the disappearance of Shri Gadadhara Thakura, he accepted the responsibility of serving Tota Gopinatha.  When Narottama went to Puri just after the disappearance of Mahaprabhu, he found Mamu Thakura practically dead due to separation from the Lord.  Later he became Narottama's guide for visiting all the places of Mahaprabhu's pastimes in Puri.  He was Kalabhasini in Krishna lila. (Bhaktiratnakara 8.269.381, GGD. 196,205, Sakhanirnayamrta 12.

 

84.     MANGALA VAISNAVA:

 

          He belonged to the branch of Shri Gadadhara and lived at Kiritklona in Murshidavad.  After losing his parents in his childhood, he roamed aimlessly here and there.  Eventually he came to Radhipura, west of Kandra, where he decided to settle. He had with him the family Deity, the Salagrama of Shri Nrsimha Deva.  Mangala always remained absorbed in meditation, and after begging, offered all his food to his Deity.  Shri Gadadhara came to him and spontaneously gave him initiation. He ordered Mangala to serve the Deity of Shri Gaura Gopala which had been worshipped by Pandita Thakura himself.  Mangala took initiation on the day of Saradiya Kalparamva and Shri Pandita stayed there until the first day of the new moon.  In memory of those auspicious days, the Sanji festival is still heard there annually.  (Sakhanirnayamrta 43)

 

          Mangala Vaishnava gave diksa to Nrsimhavallaba, the founder of the Mitrathakura family of Mayandal.  Descendants of Mangala's disciples live at Kandra (Birbhum).  Kalacand Thakura of this family attained great fame by popularizing tala (rhythm) and mana (style) of the Manoharasahi kirtana tradition.  Verse no. 130 of Padyavali may have been composed by Mangala Vaishnava.

 

85.     MANGARAJA:

 

          He was the disciple of Shri Rasikananada (Rasikamangala Pascima 14.106).

 

86.     MANGARAJA MAHAPATRA:

 

          He held a responsible position in the offices of King Prataparudra of Orissa.  It is described in CC. 2.16.113-116 that once after the car festival in Jagannatha Puri, Lord Chaitanya expressed his desire to visit Vrndavana.  On his way to Vrndavana the Lord stayed for sometime at Cuttack.

 

          The King ordered all his subjects to erect new houses for Lord Chaitanya.  He also instructed Harichandan and Mangaraja Mahapatra to bring a new boat for the Lord.  Mangaraja complied with the order and accompanied the Lord along with Harichandan, Ramananda and a host of Odiya and Bengali devotees.  It is possible that there were two persons whose titles may have been Mangaraja and Mahapatra, and that these two were subsequently merged and attributed to only one person. (BMO. p.86)

 

87.     MANINDRA CANDRA NANDI:

 

          He was born in 1860 AD.  Though he was the king of Kasimbazar, he was a humble person, devoid of desire for sense gratification.  He had deep respect for the Vaishnava faith and spent enormous amounts of money to propagate the religion, build temples and excavate holy places.  He also made great endeavor to recover obscure Vaishnava books and scriptures.  He regularly participated in Nagara sankirtana in bare feet and in a very simple manner.  He pleased the Vaishnava world by publishing the Bengali translation with hints of Shrimad Bhagavata.  He died in 1929 AD.

 

88.     MANSINHA:

 

          He was the son of Bhagavana dasa who belonged to the family of Prthviraja of Amvar.  In the last half of the year 1600 AD. he was appointed the Mansavdar of 5000 under the service of Emperor Akbar, and the Subahdar of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa.  He built the beautiful temple of Shri Shri Govindadeva in Vrndavana.  Before starting for Banga desa, he had made arrangements for the abhisekha and seva of the Deity. Mansinha came from a Vaishnava family and he himself was a Vaishnava.  He was given the title of Vishnupadamvujabhringa in Kavi Kankanacandi.  On his way to Bengal he established the temple of Rama ji, the Mana Sarovara and the phallus of Mahesvara Mahadeva in Kasi.  Mansinha died in 1614 AD. (Growse, Mathura p. 145)

 

89.     MANOHARA:

 

          He was the brother of Paramananda Gupta.  (See `Paramananda Gupta')

 

90.     MANOHARA:

 

          He belonged to the branch of Shri Nityananda Prabhu.  He had three brothers (CC. 1.11.46).

 

91.     MANOHARA:

 

          He was a brahmana from Kulia and also belonged to the branch of Shri Nityananda Prabhu.  He was the brother of Devananada.  He may have composed verse nos. 274 and 275 of Padyavali.  In introducing the poet in Padyavali Dr. De writes as follows:  "The Manohara, mentioned in CC. Adi 11.41, 52 is a follower of Nityananda, and Baba Aul Manohara dasa, also of the Nityananda sakha, is mentioned in Premavilasa. As they both belong to a somewhat later period they cannot be identified as the poet."

 

          According to Mr. Biman Bihari Majumdar, CC. Adi 11.43,49 R.G. Nath edition, refers to names of two different Manohara's.  There is no point in mentioning a person's name for the second time after an interval of six verses. Manohara, the brother of Devananda, could not be said to have been of a "somewhat later period."  It is not impossible that the brother of Devananda, the Bhagavata-reciter, could have composed verses.

 

92.     MANOHARA:

 

          He was a disciple of Rasikananda (Rasikamangala Pascima 14.131).

 

93.     MANOHARA:

 

          He was a disciple of Rasikananda (Rasikamangala Pascima 14.137).

 

94.     MANOHARA:

 

          He was a disciple of Rasikananda (Rasikamangala Pascima 151).

 

95.     MANOHARA

 

          He was a disciple of Narottama Thakura (Premavilasa 20, Narottamavilasa 12).

 

96.     MANOHARA DASA:

 

          He was Aula Manohara.  (See `Aul Manohara dasa')

 

97.     MANOHARA DASA:

 

          He belonged to the family of Shrinivasa and was the guru of Priyadasaji.  He was the disciple of Shri Ramasarana Cattaraja of Vaigonkala. In Vrndavana in 1618 Saka he wrote the Bengali translation of Anuragavalli.  He also wrote Shri Radharamanarasasagara in Vrajabhasa in 1757 Saka.

 

 

98.     MANOHARA DASA BABA:

 

          He was born in Madhavapura in the district of Nadia in 1847 AD.  His father was Shri Bholanatha Adhikari and mother was Pyarisundari.  At that time his name was Mahendra.  His mother died when he was a child.  When he was six years old he dreamt that a saint came and took him to a forest, then set the forest on fire on all sides.  This dream awakened in him a distaste for material life.  When he lost his father at the age of 13, his brother became annoyed with him due to his disinterest in family duties.  Thus Manohara dasa left home and took shelter at his aunt's house in Simuliya village. There he was initiated by Shripad Nandakisore Gosvami, scion of Shri Advaita.  When there was no Vaishnava Mahanta to look after the Akhda of Simuliya village, Manohara took Bekasraya from Shrila Pranakrishna dasa babaji and was given the name Amvika dasa.  He then took charge of the Akhda for three years. 

 

          Being very eager to increase his knowledge he went to a large Akhda in Navadvipa and studied under Shri Bipincandra Bhattacarya for two years.  After that he visited Ramakeli, Gayesa pura, Kendubilva, Mayanadal and other places.  In that large Akhda, Shri Rupa dasa babaji was his siksa guru and he renewed Amvika's bekha and named him Manohara dasa.  Manohara used to accompany Pandita Shri Narottama dasa babaji when he visited Siddha Chaitanya dasa babaji and listened to their discussions on sastras.  Once he went to Kalna to have darsana of Siddha Bhagavan dasa baba.  After this he stayed for some time at the Akhda of Kamvuliya tola in Calcutta.  Four years later he again travelled to Calcutta on foot to collect text books.

 

          On his way to Shrikshetra to have darsana of Shri Jagannatha in 1879-80 AD., he stayed for a few months at the Akhda of Kantapukur.  He then visited such places as Gopivallavapur, Remuna, etc., eventually arriving at the Gangamata Matha.  After visiting Puri for sometime he returned to Remuna, where he studied CC. for 5/6 months. 

 

          In 1881, despite Shri Radhacarana dasa's repeated request for him to stay, Manohara left for Vrndavana.  Along the way he fell seriously ill in Memory railway station.  Eventually someone offered to pay his train fare to Vrndavana.  He stayed in Vrndavana for five years and managed the seva and other activities of the temple which was established by Shri Gurucarana dasa, the ex-chief of Shri Govinda temple.  While staying there he studied devotional scriptures under Shripad Gopilal Gosvami prabhu, the sevait of Shri Radharamana.  At that time Siddha Balarama baba of Jhadu Mandal, Shri Jagadisa baba of Kalidaha and Shri Nityananda dasa baba of Madanamohana Thaura were still alive.

 

          With the permission of Shri Gurucarana dasa, he then went to practice bhajan at Kusuma Sarovara.  At that time Siddha Shri Krishna dasa baba of Govardhana and Shri Hari Gopala dasa of Surya Kunda were still alive.  Shri Caturbhuja Pandita of Shri Radha kunda studied Shrimad Bhagavatam under Manohara.  After spending five years there, he set out for Vraja-parikrama with Shrila Ramakrishna Pandita babaji and others.  Though he eventually selected a secluded spot for his place of bhajan, he was forced to leave there out of fear of the Muslims.  He first went to Kamyavana and then to Nandagrama.  At the request of Shrila Gopala dasa babaji and others from Bhadavali, Manohara dasa went to Bhadavali and studied Sat-Sandarbha for one year.  In 1893, after receiving the order in a dream, he went to Govinda kunda to settle for good.  During this time Shri Gopala dasa and Ramasvarupa Misra of Anore village, as well as many other Vaishnavas, studied Shrimad Bhagavatam under Manohara dasa. 

 

          Manohara lived on madhukari; begging only a little wheat flour (ata).  At that time Ramasvarupa Misra was a priest of the Gosvamis of the Vallava sect.  When he took initiation from Manohara dasa, it caused a great deal of commotion in the village.  After that Manirama Vaisya and many other persons took initiation from him.

 

          Manohara constantly performed Harinama in a state of trance remembering the Astakalina lila.  He slept and spoke very little.  He passed his time performing bhajan under the shadow of a banyan tree in his bhajan kutir.  During this time he wrote two books Vaidagdhi-vilasa and Namaratna-mala.

 

          For one year he suffered from chronic flatulence.  When he was cured, his nature seemed to have changed.  He became more mellow and his heart was softer, he had a very charitable disposition, and he could not bear to see others suffering. He gave up the habit of doing regular mala-japa, and did not mark his body with tilak daily.  Due to being bothered by monkeys and vultures, he had a cave built for him and he moved in to it. 

 

          In 1917 AD. he erected a temple and arranged for the seva of Shri Madanamohana there.  In 1918 AD., on the occasion of the Sinhasana Yatra of the Deity, he arranged a huge festival and invited a large number of Vaishnavas.  Bread and soup made with neem leaves were offered to the Deity, and Shri Ananta dasa and others joined in and cooked rice and other preparations, which were also offered to the Lord.  Again in 1936 AD. on the same occasion he observed another festival on a grand scale.

 

          After some time he was again afflicted with flatulence and again his nature changed.  He became restless, sorrowful, hopeless, and constantly prayed to be delivered.  Any proposal to initiate disciples made him even more restless.  Manohara offered his dandavata's to everyone, and always criticized himself.  He became indifferent to everything and lived alone. In 1947 AD. on the 13th day of the bright fortnight in the month of Sravana (July-August) he entered into the eternal abode of the Lord.

 

          He never allowed anyone to touch his feet or do pranama's.  While washing his feet he made sure that the water flowing from his feet was completely mixed with the dust so that no one could drink it as caranamrta.  Once a Vaishnava asked him, "How is it possible to conquer the obstacles in performing bhajan?"  His answer was:  "If one tries to do bhajan with all his heart and strength, the Supreme Lord, being pleased with his earnest endeavour, will open the gate to bhajan.  Obstacles in the path of bhajan gradually diminish in the course of performing bhajan, not in one day.  One must practice bhajan with eagerness and intensity, as well as patience and endurance.  To keep one's mind fixed is the most difficult task.  The mind is not purified unless and until it leaves all attachments to the material world behind.  If the mind is not purified, bhakti cannot be attained and without bhakti one cannot realize the Supreme Lord.  By the strength of one's bhajan material tendencies will gradually be wiped out, and as one's mind becomes cleaner and cleaner, all hindrances will gradually vanish."

 

99.     MANOHARA GHOSH:

 

          He was a disciple of Narottama Thakura (Premavilasa 20, Narottamavilasa 12).

 

100.    MANOHARA VISVAS:

 

          He was a disciple of Narottama Thakura (Premavilasa 20, Narottamavilasa 12).

 

101.    MANORATHA PURI:

 

          His name is mentioned in CM. p. 88 by Jayananda, and VV. p. 46 by Vrndavana dasa.

 

102.    MATHUR:

 

          He was the son of the daughter of Zamindar Bhima of Dharenda (Rasikamangala Daksina 4.34).

 

103.    MATHURA DASA:

 

          He was a disciple of Shrinivasa Acarya (Karnananda 1).

 

104.    MATHURA DASA:

 

          He was a brahmana who lived in Mathura.

 

105.    MATHURA DASA:

 

          He was a composer of padas.  (Pada no. 789 in Padakalpataru)

 

106.    MATHURA DASA:

 

          He was a disciple of Narottama Thakura (Premavilasa 20, Narottamavilasa 12).

 

107.    MATHURANATHA:

 

          He belonged to the family of Shrinivasa Acarya (Anuragavalli 7).

 

108.    MIMANSAMANDAN BHATTACARYA:

 

          When Shri Rasikananda was a child he listened to Mimansamandan Bhattacarya read Shri Bhagavata (Rasikamangala Purva 8.11).

 

109.    MINAKETANA GHOSH:

 

          He was a kayastha by caste and the younger brother of the famous Vasudeva Ghosh.  His Shripata was at Jhamatpura.

 

110.    MINAKETANA RAMDASA:

 

          He belonged to the sakha of Nityananda Prabhu.  He was a great devotee, always ornamented with tears of ecstatic love, trembling and bhava.  He went to the house of Krishnadasa Kaviraja at Jhamatpura.  He was Nisatha and Ulluka in Krishna lila (GGD. 68, CC. 1.11.53, CC. 1.5.170, 1.5.163-167).

 

111.    MIRA BAI:

 

          Being drawn by the love of Shri Shri Giridhari, Mira Bai left the palace of Udaipura and came to Vraja during the time when the Gosvami's where residing there.  Her bhajan songs are famous even today (See Bhaktamala ch. 22 for her biography). Bhaktirasavodhani tika of Bhaktamala clearly refers in chapter 469 to her meeting and discussion with Shri Jiva Gosvami.

 

112.    MISRA PURANDARA:

 

          The title of Jagannatha Misra (CBh. Adi 3.25).

 

113.    MITU HALDAR:

 

          He was a Gaura devotee who participated in the festival of Kheturi, organized by Shri Narottama Thakura.

 

114.    MITHI BHANJA:

 

          He was a disciple of Rasikananda (Rasikamangala Pascima 14.161).

 

115.    MOHANA:

 

          He was a disciple of Rasikananda (Rasikamangala Pascima 14.148).

 

116.    MOHANA:

 

          He was a disciple of Rasikananda (Rasikamangala Pascima 14.153).

 

117.    MOHANA:

 

          He was a Vaishnava poet, thirty five of his padas have been included in Padakalpataru.

 

118.    MOHANA DASA:

 

          He was the disciple of Shri Acarya Prabhu.  He practiced bhajan in Vrndavana along with Vrajananda dasa, Hariprasada dasa, Sukhananda dasa and Premi Harirama dasa (Karnananda 1).

 

119.    MOHANA DASA:

 

          He was a composer of padas, a friend of Shri Govinda Kaviraja and a disciple of Acarya Prabhu.  He was a Vaidya by caste (Karnananda 1).

 

120.    MOHANA DASA:

 

          He was the disciple of Rasikananda (Rasikamangala Pascima 14.104).

 

121.    MOHANA THAKURA:

 

          According to Pata-Paryatana, he was the disciple of Shri Abhirama Gosvami.  His Shripata was in Panihati.

 

122.    MOHANANANDA:

 

          He was a disciple of Rasikananda (Rasikamangala Pascima 14.151).

 

123.    MUKUNDA:

 

          He belonged to the branch of Shri Nityananda Prabhu (CC. 1.11.52).

 

124.    MUKUNDA:

 

          He belonged to the branch of Shri Nityananda Prabhu (CC. 1.11.45).  Nagendranath Basu says, "Vallabha Ghosh had nine sons; Vasudeva, Govinda, Madhava, Jagannatha, Damodara, Mukunda, Danujari, Kansari and Minaketana.  The first six accepted sannyasa.  Vasudeva, Govinda, Madhava and Mukunda where all well-known poets and associates of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu."

 

 

 

125.    MUKUNDA:

 

          According to CC. 1.10.104, Visvarupa, the elder brother of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, assumed the name Sankararanya after accepting sannyasa.  The names of his two disciples were Mukunda and Kasinatha Rudra.  Perhaps these two later took refuge at the feet of Mahaprabhu and thus Mukunda's name has been shown under Chaitanya sakha.

 

126.    MUKUNDA:

 

          (Also known as Mukunda Deva) He was the paternal grandfather of Shri Rupa and Sanatana.  He was the son of Padmanabha and was a versatile genius and became a minister of Gauda under the Pathans.

 

127.    MUKUNDA:

 

          He was a disciple of Rasikananda (Rasikamangala Pascima 14.148).

 

128.    MUKUNDA:

 

          He was the son of Paramesvara Modaka (CC. 3.12.58).

 

129.    MUKUNDA CAKRAVARTI (MUKUNDANANDA CAKRAVARTI):

 

          He was a Gaura devotee who lived at Vrndavana.  He was one of the devotees who commanded Krishnadasa Kaviraja to write CC.  (CC. 1.8.69)

 

130.    MUKUNDA DASA:

 

          He was a Pancala brahmana devotee of Gaura and took lessons from Shri Krishnadasa Kaviraja (Narottamavilasa p.200).

 

131.    MUKUNDA DASA GOSVAMI:

 

          According to Sadanadipika he was the disciple of Shrila Krishnadasa Kaviraja.  He wrote a tika of Bhaktirasamrtasindhu titled Arthapatnalpadikia.  The book Siddhantacandrodaya is attributed to him (See Gaudiya Vaishnava Sahitya 2.45, 2,112, 2,143).  The document of a deed of gift which his descending disciples received is preserved in the collection of Satiscandra Raya. The document, dated Samvat 1773, records a land grant in Assam.

 

132.    MUKUNDA DATTA THAKURA (Along with the biography of Vasudeva Datta):

 

          Mukunda Datta Thakura was the classmate of Shri Chaitanya. He was born in Cakrasada village under Patiya thana in Cattagrama district.  Shri Vasudeva Datta Thakura was his elder brother.

 

          Shri Kavi Karnapura has written that the singers named Madhukantha and Madhuvrata, who were associates of Krishna, took birth in Kali yuga in the house of Datta and became the singers of Shri Gauranga.  Shri Gaura and Nityananda enjoyed dancing in kirtana with Mukunda and Vasudeva Datta Thakura.

 

          Mukunda was a very dear associate of the Lord.  They were about the same age and studied and played together in school. From his early childhood Mukunda was an ardent devotee of Lord Krishna.  He did not want to speak or sing about any topic other than the pastimes of the Lord. 

 

          Mukunda studied logic and rhetoric and thus whenever Mahaprabhu saw him, the Lord would not allow Mukunda to go until he answered His questions on logic.  Mukunda never tried to defeat the Lord, but rather would answer by asking questions regarding rhetoric.  Mukunda did not like these conversations and thus tried to avoid seeing the Lord. Mahaprabhu was simply enjoying his pastimes with Mukunda, knowing that in the future he would come to understand His supremacy and become His devotee.

 

          One day at Mahaprabhu's insistence Mukunda was forced to discuss rhetoric sastras with Him.  Although Shri Chaitanya did not know the rhetoric sastras, He was able to give correct answers to all Mukunda's complicated questions.  When Mahaprabhu asked Mukunda to refute His theory on rhetoric, Mukunda could not do so.  Thus Mukunda began to think that this type of genius could not belong to a common person.  He decided that since this talented person was a devotee of Krishna, he should never leave His company.

 

          Everyday Mukunda came to the house of Shri Advaita to meet the other Vaishnavas.  Shri Advaita Acarya, Shrivasa Pandita and all the Vaishnavas loved to listen to Mukunda's kirtana.  Upon hearing his singing, which was filled with devotional sentiments, the Vaishnavas often rolled on the ground in ecstacy.  Shri Advaita Acarya would cry with joy and take Mukunda on his lap.  When Shri Isvara Puripada came to Navadvipa, he was also overwhelmed by the songs of Mukunda. Seeing his ecstatic emotions everyone then recognised him as the disciple of Madhavendra Puri.

 

          Mahaprabhu first revealed Himself in Gaya.  When he returned to Navadvipa His personality and mood had entirely changed.  From that time he never discussed or argued about logic or grammar, he could speak of nothing other than Krishna. Upon hearing this all the Vaishnavas came to see Him. Mahaprabhu embraced them all tearfully repeating the name of Krishna again and again.  The devotees were greatly moved by his display of devotion to Krishna. 

          Mahaprabhu began performing kirtana at His house and all the Vaishnava's came to join in, with Mukunda leading the kirtana.  As soon as Shri Gaurasundara heard Mukunda's kirtana, He fell unconscious on the ground.  It is impossible to describe the divine atmosphere which surcharged Mahaprabhu's house that evening.  When the Lord regained consciousness He put his hand around Mukunda's neck, saying, "Mukunda!  You are the most fortunate one, I have wasted my time unnecessarily learning useless theories.  My life has passed uselessly without having Krishna."

 

          One day Mukunda asked Shri Gadadhara Pandita if he was interested in meeting a real Vaishnava and brought him to see Shri Pundarika Vidyanidhi.  Mukunda was familiar with Pundarika as they were both born in the same village of Cattagram, thus he told Shri Gadadhara that he doubted whether there was another Vaishnava like him in the world.  However, when Gadadhara saw Shri Pundarika Vidyanidhi he found him sitting like a prince on a beautiful white bed, chewing betel leaves and being fanned by servants.  Shri Gadadhara, who was extremely renounced, was astonished.  Understanding Gadadhara's confusion, Mukunda began melodiously singing a sloka from Bhagavata.  As soon as the divine song entered the ear of Shri Pundarika, he began crying, calling out "Krishna, Krishna".  The eight types of ecstatic symptoms were visible on his body, and he rolled on the ground in ecstasy.

 

          Gadadhara then understood Pundarika's exalted nature.  He felt himself fortunate to meet such a devotee, and was ashamed of his previous feelings.  Gadadhara said to Mukunda, "I have make a great mistake, please make some arrangement that I can take shelter under the feet of this great Vaishnava so I may become freed from my offence."

 

          The devotees relished unlimited divine pastimes along with Gaura and Nityananda in the courtyard of Shrivasa.  One day Shri Gaurasundara revealed His Mahabhava continuously for twenty-one hours.  He then called each and every devotee and explained to them their previous lives.  In this way all the devotees received the mercy of the Lord, but He did not call upon Mukunda.  Mukunda was sitting outside of the room waiting restlessly for the Lord to call him.  The sympathetic Shrivasa went to Mahaprabhu and said, "You are showing Your mercy to everyone but why are you not calling Mukunda?"

 

          Mahaprabhu said that because Mukunda was not sincere he would not get His mercy.  Again Shrivasa appealed on Mukunda's behalf, "What could possibly be Mukunda's fault?"  The Lord replied, "When Mukunda goes to the assembly of knowledgeable persons he then supports them.  Those who ignore My svarupa insult Me.  Those who are devoted to My Svarupa make me happy. To show their humbleness and devotion to Me they cry and hold grass between their teeth.  Those who speak against Me sometimes, and worship Me other times, they are insincere hypocrites.  They cannot be blessed by My mercy."

 

          Hearing these words from Mahaprabhu, Mukunda was shocked and decided to commit suicide.  Shrivasa appealed again to the Lord, explaining Mukunda's sorrowful state of mind.  The Lord said, "Mukunda will be blessed by Me after millions of births."  Upon hearing this statement Mukunda began dancing joyfully saying, "I will be able to have His darsana after millions of births."  Rolling on the ground he repeated this again and again.

 

          Mahaprabhu then asked Shrivasa to bring Mukunda to Him. Shrivasa called Mukunda, but he was so overwhelmed with love and joy that he could not hear him.  Shrivasa then touched Mukunda's body and said, "Mukunda! Mukunda!  Be quiet, Prabhu is calling."  Mukunda calmed down and said, "Pandita what are you saying?  Prabhu is calling me?  No, I won't go near Him with my sinful body.  I will pass millions of births crying for Him."

 

          The Lord then personally called Mukunda to come to Him. Falling at the feet of Mahaprabhu, Mukunda said, "My Lord, I am a very sinful person," and fell unconscious on the ground. Regaining consciousness, Mukunda rolled on the ground saying, "I cannot utter any devotional words, I am disgusted as I have no devotional feelings so how can I achieve happiness. Duryodhana was able to see Your Visvarupa, which all the Vedas are searching after.  Still Duryodhana died along with his whole family because he was devoid of devotion."  Saying this Mukunda began to weep loudly.

 

          Mahaprabhu embraced him and said, "Mukunda!  Previously I said that you would be able to achieve Me only after millions of births, but due to your firm determination, faith and profound respect you have completed that time within one second.  You are my dearly beloved devotee and have never done anything sinful.  I performed this pastime only to teach the world your glories.  Wherever and whenever I appear, you will always be there as my singer."

 

          When Mahaprabhu blessed Mukunda in this way, everyone shouted joyfully, "Hari, Hari."

 

          At the sannyasa ceremony of Shri Gaurasundara, the Lord asked Mukunda to sing and Mahaprabhu began dancing. 

 

          When Mahaprabhu lived at Nilacala, Mukunda stayed with him and the Lord listened to his kirtana regularly.  At the time of Rathayatra groups of singers were formed including Vasudeva Datta, Shri Gopinatha, Shri Murari, Shri Mukunda and other devotees. 

          Shri Mukunda Datta departed on the full moon day of the month of Jaistha (May-June).  (GGD. 140, CC. 1.10.40, Premavilasa 22, CBh. 1.11.28-30, 1.12.6-19, 2.7.39-121, 2.8.141, 2.9.32, 2.16, 1.73.264, 2.26.160-166, 2.28.85-149, 3.2.35,122,133, 3.8.123)

 

133.    MUKUNDA GHOSH:

 

          Brother of Vasudeva Ghosh (See `Vasudeva Ghosh')

 

 

 

134.    MUKUNDA GOSVAMI:

 

          His Shripata was in Multan of Punjab.  He was the disciple of Shri Krishnadasa, who was a devotee of Mahaprabhu living in Multan.  He brought the Chaitanya Charitamrita written by Krishnadasa Kaviraja to Multan and ordered all the devotees there to copy the book.  In this way CC. was distributed widely.  Mukunda was the son a wealthy merchant.  One night while sleeping in his comfortable bed, he had a dream in which he was ordered to go to Vrndavana.  On the pretext of going out for trading, he started for Vrndavana.  When he arrived there he was overwhelmed by the beauty of Vrndavana, as well as the gorgeous Deities residing there.  Krishnadasa met him and brought Mukunda to his own hermitage.  Mukunda then received the mercy of all the devotees there. 

 

135.    MUKUNDA KAVICANDRA:

 

          He was a devotee of Lord Gauranga (Vaishnava Vandana).

 

136.    MUKUNDA KAVIRAJA:

 

          He belonged to the branch of Shri Nityananda (CC. 1.11.51, Namamrtasamudra 223).

 

137.    MUKUNDA OJHA:

 

          He was the father of Nityananda Prabhu.  His father was Murari Ojha.  His Shridhama was in Ekacakra village.  He married Padmavati devi, daughter of Mukut Roy. He was Dasaratha and Vasudeva in Krishnalila (GGD. 40).  He was also known as Hadai Pandita.

 

138.    MUKUNDA RAYA:

 

          In VV. of Devakinandana he is referred to as Shri Ramamukunda Vando, while in another edition he is referred to as Shri Raya Mukunda.  He may belong to Nityananda sakha.

 

139.    MUKUNDASANJAY:

 

          He was a resident of Navadvipa and a pupil of Mahaprabhu. Mukunda's title was Sanjaya.  He was the father of Purusottama, in whose house Mahaprabhu gave classes (CBh. 1.7.73).

 

140.    MUKUNDA SARASVATI:

 

          He lived in Vrndavana and belonged to a sannyasi sect. One day he presented a red colored cloth to Sanatana, who tied it on his head and went to see Shri Jagadananda Pandita.  When Pandita saw the cloth he thought it was prasada from Jagannatha Deva, but when he came to know that it was a gift from a person in another sect, he was furious and almost struck Sanatana with an earthen pot (CC. 3.13.50).  (Also see `Jagadananda Pandita')

141.    MUKUNDA SARKARA/DASA:

 

          He belonged to the sakha of Shri Chaitanya and was the eldest brother of Shrila Narahari Thakura.  His son was Shri Raghunandana Thakura and his father was Shri Narayana Sarkara. His Shripata was in Shrikhanda.  In Krishna lila he was Vrnda. Mukunda was the doctor of Vadshah Husen Shah.  One day Mukunda fell unconscious on the ground upon seeing someone fanning the Vadshah with a fan made of peacock feathers.  Husen Shah understood everything and set Mukunda free from his service. Mukunda immediately started for Navadvipa where he met Shri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu (GGD 175, CC. 1.10.78).

 

142.    MUKUNDA THAKURA:

 

          He belonged to the branch of Shrila Acarya Prabhu (Premavilasa 20).

 

143.    MUKUNDA'S MOTHER:

 

          She was the wife of Paramesvara Modaka of Navadvipa. Once she went to Puri to have the darsana of Mahaprabhu (CC. 3.12.55).

 

144.    MUKTARAMA DASA:

 

          He was a disciple of Shrinivasa Acarya (Karnananda 1) (See also `Mohandasa").

 

145.    MUKUTA MAITREYA:

 

          He was a disciple of Narottama Thakura.  His Shripata was in Faridpura of Nadia (Premavilasa 20, Narottamavilasa 12).

 

146.    MUKUTA RAYA:

 

          He was the king of Maudesvar who gave his daughter in marriage to Hadai Pandita.  He wrote a tika of Amarakes titled Padacandrika.  It is said that he wrote a tika of Kiratarjuniya.

 

147.    MULUK KAJI:

 

          He was the Kaji of Santipura at the time of Mahaprabhu. He was very hostile to Haridasa Thakura and ordered that he be lashed. (CBh. Adi 16.36.155)

 

148.    MURARI:

 

          He was the disciple and brother of Shri Kasisvara Pandita of Catra. (See `Kasisvara Pandita")

 

149.    MURARI ACARYA:

 

          He was a disciple of Shri Syamananda prabhu.  Being ordered by his guru, Murari wrote the book Vindu-prakasa in which he describes the story of Syamananda's finding the ankle bell of Shri Radha in the kunja.  (Premavilasa 19, Bhaktiratnakara 15.33)

 

150.    MURARI BRAHMANA:

 

          He was an Odiya devotee of Mahaprabhu. (CC. 2.10.45, Namamrtasamudra 165)

 

151.    MURARI CAITANYA DASA:

 

          He was a brahmana who belonged to the sakha of Shri Nityananda Prabhu.  His name in mentioned in VV. CBh. and Jayananda's CM. Mrnalakanti Ghosh writes, "Murari Chaitanya dasa was born in the village of Saran Vrndavanapura about two miles from Galsi railway station in the district of Burdwan. Upon arriving at Ghaugachi village in Navadvipa Dhama his name became Saranga Murari Chaitanya.  His descendants live in pata at Sara."  Kalna edition of CC. records that he lived at Khaddaha.  Jiva, Devakinanadana and Vrndavana dasa have described Saranga dasa as a different person than Murari Chaitanya dasa.  CC. presents the names of these two separately.  Hence Shri Biman Bihari Majumdar does not agree with the opinions expressed by Mrnal babu.  (CC. 1.11.20, CBh. 3.5.426-435)

 

152.    MURARI DASA:

 

          He was a disciple of Narottama Thakura.  (Premavilasa 20, Narottamavilasa 12)

 

153.    MURARI DASA:

 

          Although born in a low caste family, he was a great bhagavata.  When Rasika Murari visited his house he drank the water which had washed the feet of Murari.  (Bhaktamala 23.3)

 

154.    MURARI GUPTA THAKURA:

 

          Shrivasa Pandita, Shri Candrasekhar Acarya and Shri Murari Gupta Thakura were born in Shrihatta, a district of what is now Bengal.  Shri Murari was born in a Vaisya community.  He came to Navadvipa and lived near the house of Jagannatha Misra. The names of his parents are unknown.  He was older than Mahaprabhu.

 

          Amongst others, Shri Murari Gupta, Shri Kamalakanta, Shri Krishnananda studied with Mahaprabhu.  Shri Gaurasundara enjoyed arguing about logic and grammar.  Sometimes He would start an argument which very often resulted in wild mud-slinging fights.  The entire place became so muddy that the women were unable to bring water from the Ganges, and the brahmanas could not take their baths.  Thus Shri Gaurasundara relished his pastimes on the bank of the Ganges.

 

          Within a few years Shri Gaurasundara excelled all in the school of Gangadasa Pandita and thus all the students surrendered to Him.  Murari, however, did not accept defeat. For this reason Mahaprabhu was upset.  He called Murari and said, "Why are you studying here?  It is better for you to treat patients with creepers and herbal products.  The mucus, gallbladder and indigestion are not topics included in grammar" (CBh. Adi).  Murari was internally agitated by these words, but he never showed his irritation and simply gazed at Mahaprabhu with a gentle look.  Seeing the Lord's divine appearance everyone became quiet.

 

          Shri Gaurasundara and Shri Murari Gupta would argue on grammar and rhetoric sastras but Murari was never able to defeat the Lord, even once.  Thus he began to think that Mahaprabhu must be an extraordinary personality, as no common man could display such genius.  Very often they would have heated arguments, but would later take bath together as friends.

 

          When Mahaprabhu returned from Gaya and began revealing His ecstatic love, Murari Gupta was astonished to find the Lord weeping at the house of Suklambara Pandita.  He then became Mahaprabhu's ardent devotee. 

 

          Shri Murari Gupta worshipped Sita Rama.  One day Mahaprabhu entered his house in the mood of the Boar incarnation and with a thundering voice lifted a pot full of water from the ground with His teeth.  Stunned, Murari fell prostrate before the Lord.  Mahaprabhu ordered, "Murari! Begin chanting My glories."  When Murari began singing, the Lord was very happy and said, "Murari!  I am telling you frankly that I am the essence of all the Vedas.  I have appeared to preach and spread the sankirtana movement."  In this way he explained many secrets about Himself to Murari and then returned to His house.

 

          Another day at the house of Shrivasa, Mahaprabhu began granting boons to all of the devotees.  Then he said, "Murari! still you do not know who I am.  Now observe My real form." Murari then saw Shri Ramacandra sitting on a jewelled throne, holding a bow and arrows in His hands.  Sita was at His left side, and Laksmana, also holding a bow and arrows, stood on His right side.  In front of Them the great warrior ape warriors were singing and praising the Lord.  Murari saw himself amongst that group of monkeys.  Recognizing himself, Murari fell unconscious.  The Lord said, "Murari! Get up and look at My divine form.  Have you forgotten that you are the Hanuman who burnt Ravana's Lanka.  Get up and see your favorite Laksmana whom you loved with heart and soul, and offer your respects to Sita for whose sufferings you once wept bitterly."  Murari immediately regained consciousness and fell tearfully at the feet of the Lord.  Seeing the wonderful mercy bestowed upon Murari, all the devotees began chanting the holy name joyfully.

 

          One evening in the house of Shrivasa, Murari came forward and bowed to the feet of Gaurahari and then to Nityananda Prabhu. Prabhu corrected Murari saying, "You have made a mistake by not bowing to Nityananda first.  What can I say to you as you are a layman."  Murari replied, "But how could I know?"  Prabhu assured him, "Now you should go home but tomorrow you will understand everything." Saying this the Lord dismissed him and happily began sankirtana in the house of Shrivasa.

 

          The dejected Murari Gupta went home and fell asleep.  In his dream he saw Nityananda in His powerful form of Balarama, holding the plow in his attractive strong hands.  His beauty could defeat the pride of the glowing silver moon.  He was walking like a drunkard and behind him walked Visvambhara, looking gorgeous in His form of Krishna, with blue complexion and wearing a peacock feather on the tuft of his hair.  Seeing this vision, Gupta was perplexed. Prabhu then explained that He was younger than Nityananda and then both of Them disappeared.  Now Murari understood that Nityananda was the elder brother of Prabhu. Overwhelmed in joy he rushed to the house of Shrivasa.  There he found Prabhu Gaurachandra sitting on the celestial throne with Nityananda standing by His right side.  This time he bowed first to the feet of Nityananda and then to Prabhu.  Gaurahari smiled and asked Murari, "Oh Gupta, what are you doing?"  Murari said, "As you have told me."  In a joyful mood, Prabhu offered his own chewed betel leaf to Murari who ate it and then wiped his hand on his own head. 

 

          One day Murari Gupta told his wife, "I shall take my food now."  That virtuous lady cooked rice and brought it to her husband who first offered it to Krishna and then respected the prasada.  On the following morning Prabhu paid a visit to the house of Gupta who asked Prabhu, "How kind of you to come to my house.  Why have you come so early in the morning?"  Prabhu replied, "I want to be treated for indigestion."  Gupta asked, "What did You eat yesterday?"  Prabhu replied, "Certainly you know as well as I.  Yesterday you offered Me so much rice and insisted that I eat it all, so how could I avoid it.  Now, as a result of eating too much, I have indigestion. It can be cured by drinking lots of much water."  Saying this Prabhu drank water from Murari's glass.  Having received such mercy from the Lord, Murari and all the members of his family began to weep in joy.  Prabhu cordially embraced Murari and returned home. 

 

          One day, in the house of Shrivasa, Gaurachandra revealed His four-handed Vishnu form, holding His sanka, cakra, gada and padma.  At that time Murari became Garuda, the chief of the birds and stretched out his big wings.  Prabhu climbed on his back and wandered around the compound of the house.  How fortunate were the associates of Prabhu to witness such a beautiful scene.

 

          One day Murari thought,  "Who knows what Prabhu has in mind.  So I shall die first."  Thinking in this way he decided to kill himself that night and thus found a sharp weapon and hid it.  The Supreme Lord Gaurahari who could understand the mind of His devotee, came to Murari's house and searched out the weapon which he had concealed.  How can I describe what Prabhu then said to Murari to whom Prabhu Himself was bound by love.

          After taking sannyasa Mahaprabhu went to Puri.  Every year Murari Gupta, along with his wife and the other devotees from Bengal, came to visit the Lord at the time of the Rathayatra.  At that time Mahaprabhu's servant, Govinda, would serve the Lord varieties of foodstuff brought by Murari Gupta. (GGD. 91, CC. 1.10.49, CBh. 2.3.24-52, 2.10.7-20, 2.20.17-21, 2.20.53-71, 2.20.81-102.

 

155.    MURARI MAHITI:

 

          He was the brother of Sikhi Mahiti and Madhavi Devi, Karan by caste, and belonged to the branch of Shri Chaitanya. According to CC. 2.10.42-44, it was Sarvabhauma who introduced Murari to Lord Chaitanya.  Kavikarnapur in his Chaitanya Charitamritamahakavya mentions the name of Murari Mahiti which indicates that Murari was a contemporary of Karnapura.  (BMO p. 84-86)

 

156.    MURARI MISRA:

 

          He was a contemporary of the poet Jayadeva.  He wrote Anargharaghava, which describes the festivals held in the temple of Jagannatha Puri.

 

157.    MURARI PANDITA:

 

          He was a brahmana belonging to the sakha of Advaita. (CC. 1.12.64, Namamrtasamudra 155)

 

158.    MURARI PANDITA:

 

          He was the father of Shri Gopalaguru.

 

159.    MUSALMAN VAISNAVA POETS:

 

          In one of his essays Shri Ramanimohana Mullick has mentioned

some of the names of Muslim Vaishnava poets:  Salavega, Phatan, Sheikh Bhikhan, Shah Akvar, Phakir Haviv, Kavir Muhammad and Sheikh Lal.  Poems composed by these poets were reprinted in Braja Sundar Sanyal's book titled Musalman Vaishnava Kavi Vol. 4.  In his books Sahitya Sanhita and Purnima, Munsi Abdul Karim has mentioned about twenty Muslim Vaishnava poets.  Dr. Sukumar Sen in his Vrajavuli Sahityera Itihasa (p. 464) has also mentioned some names of Muslim Vaishnava poets.  Dines Sen in his Vangasahitya Paricaya (p. 1142-1146) has compiled padavali's composed by Aloal, Aliraja, Candkaji, Garil Khan, etc.  Makhahlal Roychowdhury, a teacher at the Calcutta University, wrote in his book Din-i-Ilahi (p. 19-20) that the contribution of the Muslaman poet named Abdur Rahim Khan has contributed greatly to the enrichment of the Sanskrit and Hindi literatures.