|NITAAI-Veda.nyf > All Scriptures By Acharyas > Bhaktivinoda Thakura > Krishna Samhita > Sri Krishna Samhita > Chapter-VI|
The Pastimes of Lord Krishna
karma-kanda-svarupo 'yam magadhah kamsa-bandhavah
rurodha mathuram ramyam brahma-jnana-svarupinim
There are two types of activities—self-centered and God-centered. God-centered activities are called karma-yoga, because such activities nourish one's knowledge, and this knowledge along with those activities enhance one's attachment to the Lord. This mixture of karma, jnana, and bhakti is called karma-yoga by some people, jnana-yoga by others, and bhakti-yoga by still others. The swanlike people call it a synthesis of yoga. Those activities that are self-centered are called fruitive activities. Fruitive activities generally create doubts, in the form of Asti and Prapti, in regard to the Lord. Fruitive activities then arrange their marriage with atheism [Kamsa]. This Jarasandha, the personification of fruitive activities, obstructs Mathura, the personification of spiritual knowledge.
mayaya bandhavan krishno nitavan dvarakam purim
mlecchata yavanam hitva sa ramo gatavan harih
mucukundam maharajam mukti-margadhikarinam
padahanad duracaras tasya tejo hatas tada
By His sweet will, Shri Krishna took all His friends, the personifications of devotees, to Dvaraka, the personified abode of regulative devotional service. One who does not follow the rules and regulations of varnashrama is called a yavana. When a yavana performs illicit activities, he is degraded further into a mleccha. With the support of fruitive activities, this yavana was inimical to knowledge. King Mucukunda, the personification of the path of liberation, was kicked by this yavana, and the wicked yavana was killed by powerful glance of Mucukunda.
aishvarya-jnana-mayam vai dvarakayam gato harih
uvaha rukminim devim param-aishvarya-rupinim
While residing in Dvaraka, which is filled with the knowledge of opulences, the Lord married Rukmini, the personification of supreme opulence.
pradyumnah kama-rupo vai jatas tasyah hritas tada
maya-rupena daityena shambarena duratmana
As soon as Pradyumna, the personification of Cupid, was born from the womb of Rukmini, he was immediately kidnapped by the cripple-minded Shambara, the personification of maya.
svapatnya rati-devya sa shikshitah paraviraha
nihatya shambaram kamo dvarakam gatavams tada
In ancient times Cupid's body was burned to ashes by the dry renunciate Mahadeva. At that time, Ratidevi, the personification of material enjoyment, took shelter of the demoniac nature. But when regulative devotional service arose, then Cupid was reborn in the form of Krishna's son. He then delivered his wife, Ratidevi, from the clutches of demoniac nature. The purport is that in yukta-vairagya, regulated lust and attachment are acceptable. Taking help from the teachings of his wife, the most powerful Cupid killed Shambara, the personification of material enjoyment, and then returned to Dvaraka with his wife.
mana-mayyash ca radhayam satyabhamam kalam shubham
upayeme harih pritya many uddhara chalena ca
After recovering the jewel, the Lord married Satyabhama, who personifies a portion of Radharani's jealous pride.
madhurya-hladini-shakteh praticchaya svarupakah
rukminyadya mahisho 'shta krishnasyantah pure kila
Krishna's eight queens, headed by Rukmini, were reflections of the opulences of the hladini aspect and were very dear to Krishna.
aishvarye phalavan krishnah santater vistritir yatah
satvatam vamsha-samvriddhih dvarakayam satam hridi
The sentiments of the Lord in His sweet feature are unbroken, but the sentiments of the Lord in Dvaraka, the shelter of opulent regulative devotional service, are not like that, because many sons and grandsons expand His family of those sentiments.
sthulartha-bodhake granthe na tesham artha-nirnayah
prithag-rupena kartavyah sudhiyah prathayam tu tat
In this book, which explains the gross meanings, it is very difficult to explain the meanings of those sons and grandsons. Some intelligent persons should elaborately describe their meaning in a separate book.
advaita-rupinam daityam hatva kashim rama-patih
hara-dhamadahat krishnas tad dushta-mata-pithakam
The demoniac philosophy, in the form of monism, took birth in Kashi, the abode of Shiva, wherein a wretched person claimed to be Vasudeva and preached that demoniac philosophy. The Lord, who is the husband of Rama, killed him and burned Kashi, the home of that demoniac philosophy.
bhauma buddhimayam bhaumam hatva sa garudasanah
uddhritya ramani-vrindam upayeme priyah satyam
Narakasura is also called Bhauma, because he considered the Absolute Truth to be mundane. The Lord, who sits on Garuda, killed Narakasura, and after delivering the queens, He married them. The conception of the Deity as an idol is abominable, because it is foolish to consider the Absolute Truth to be mundane. There is a great difference between serving the Deity of the Lord and worshiping idols. Deity worship is an indicator of the Absolute Truth, because by this process one attains the Absolute Truth. Idol worship, however, means to accept a material form or formlessness as the Absolute Truth, in other words, to accept a material form as the Supreme Lord. The Lord ultimately delivered and accepted those people who were of this opinion.
ghatayitva jarasandham bhimena dharma-bhratrina
amocayad bhumi-palan karma-pashasya bandhanat
The Lord had Jarasandha killed by Bhima, the brother of Dharma. He then rescued many kings from the bondage of karma.
yajne ca dharma-putrasya labdhva pujam asheshatah
cakarta shishupalasya shirah samdveshtur atmanah
The Lord accepted unlimited worship in Yudhishthira's sacrifice and severed the head of Shishupala, the personification of envy.
kurukshetra-rane krishno dharabharam nivartya sah
samaja-rakshanam karyam akarot karunamaya
The Lord protected society by reestablishing the principles of religion, and He removed the burden of the world by arranging the Battle of Kurukshetra.
sarvasam mahishinam ca pratisadma hari munih
drishtva ca narado 'gacchad vismayam tattva-nirnaye
Narada Muni visited Dvaraka and was struck with the depth of the Absolute Truth when he saw that Krishna was simultaneously present in each of the queens' houses. It is very wonderful that the Supreme Lord is simultaneously and fully present everywhere—within the heart of all living entities and engaged in various pastimes. The quality of omnipresence is insignificant for the Almighty Lord.
kadarya-bhava-rupah sa dantavakro hatas tada
subhadram dharma-bhratre hi naraya dattavan prabhuh
Dantavakra, the personification of uncivilized man, was killed by the Lord. The Lord then arranged the marriage of His sister, Subhadra, with Arjuna, the brother of Yudhisthira. In order to establish a relationship between the Lord and an enjoyed living entity who has not developed the nature of being the Lord's consort, the hladini aspect of the mood of friendship selects an inconceivable devotee to take the role of Subhadra, who becomes very near to the Lord as His sister. Subhadra is to be enjoyed by a devotee like Arjuna. This relationship, however, is not as exalted as found in Vraja.
shalva-mayam nashayitva raraksha dvarakam purim
nrigan tu krikalasatvat karma-pashad amocayat
The Lord protected Dvaraka by killing Shalva, who possessed mystical powers. The scientific arts are most insignificant before the Lord. King Nriga was suffering the results of his bad karma in the form of a lizard, but he was delivered by the mercy of the Lord.
sudamna priti-dattam ca tandulam bhuktavan harih
pashandanam pradattena mishtena na tatha sukhi
If the most relishable item is offered by a nondevotee, the Lord does not accept it. But if an ordinary item is offered with love, the Lord accepts it. This was demonstrated when the Lord ate the rice that Sudama offered.
balo 'pi shuddha-jivo 'yam krishna-prema-vasham gatah
avadhid dividam mudham nirishvara-pramodakam
The monkey Dvivida, the personification of godlessness, was killed by Baladeva, who possesses ecstatic love for Krishna and who is the reservoir of all living entities.
svasamvin nirmite dhamni hrid-gate rohini-sutah
gopibhir bhava-rupabhi reme brihad vanantare
In the forests of Vraja, which are created by the samvit aspect of the marginal potency, Shri Baladeva performed conjugal pastimes with the gopis, the personifications of ecstatic love.
bhaktanam hridaye shashvat krishna-lila pravartate
nato 'pi svapuram yati bhaktanam jivanataye
All these pastimes are situated in the hearts of the devotees, but when the devotees give up their material bodies, the pastimes disappear just as an actor leaves the stage.
krishneccha kala-rupa sa yadavan bhava-rupakan
nivartya rangatah sadhvi dvarakam plavayat tada
The desire of Krishna, in the form of time, separated the Yadavas, the personifications of affectionate love, from the pastimes of the Lord and flooded the abode of Dvaraka in the waves of the ocean of forgetfulness. The desire of Krishna is always pure and devoid of all inauspiciousness. In order to transfer His devotees to Vaikuntha, the Lord separates them from their material bodies.
prabhase bhagavaj jnane jarakrantan kalevaran
paraspara vivadena mocayam asa nandini
This desire of Krishna, which bestows the topmost happiness, obliged the devotees to give up their old decrepit bodies in Prabhasa-kshetra, the personification of knowledge of the Absolute Truth. When the body becomes useless, then all the parts and limbs do not cooperate with each other—they quarrel. Especially at the time of death, all the parts and limbs become senseless; but in the hearts of devotees, remembrance is never lost.
krishna-bhava-svarupo 'pi jarakrantat kalevarat
nirgato gokulam prapto mahimni sve mahiyate
At the time of giving up the body, the mood that is present in the heart of a devotee accompanies the pure soul to his glorious position, and the devotee then eternally resides in the portion of Vaikuntha called Gokula.
Thus ends the Sixth Chapter of Shri Krishna-samhita, entitled
“Pastimes of Krishna.”
May Lord Krishna be pleased.