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NITAAI-Veda.nyf > All Scriptures By Acharyas > Bhaktivinoda Thakura > Bhaktivinoda Vani Vaibhava > Bhaktivinoda Vani Vaibhava Part 2 and 3 > Vol 2 Abhidheya > Unalloyed Surrender

94- Unalloyed Surrender to the Holy Names


1. What conviction does an unalloyed devotee hold?


Krsna is my only protector. Nothing nor anyone else can protect me. This is the conviction of an unalloyed devotee. (Caitanya-siksamrta 6/3)


2.What is the mood of a devotee who has taken shelter of the holy names when he is faced with worldly distress?


The mind of one who has taken shelter of the holy name is undisturbed, even if he cannot easily obtain food and clothes, or if he obtains them and then they are lost. Leaving behind all material attachment, such an unalloyed devotee takes complete shelter of Govinda. (Sri Bhajana-rahasya, Chapter 4)


3. What is the difference between transcendental liberation and transcendental devotional service?


There is no difference between transcendental liberation and transcendental devotional service. Rather those who make a distinction between them are to be understood to have not understood either of them. (Tattva-sutra, 19) 


4. What limbs of devotional service do the unalloyed devotees perform?


Krsna's unalloyed devotees are extremely attached to remembering Krsna and chanting His holy name. Mostly they remain busy executing these two limbs.

(Sajjana Tosani 10/6)


5. What three activities should devotees be eager to perform?


One who desires to attain the result of chanting Krsna's holy names should be eager to practice three activities: they should associate with devotees, live in a solitary place away from nondevotees, and remain determined. This is called nirbandha. (Harinama-cintamani)


6. What is the meaning of the word nirbandha?


Nirbandha means that a practitioner should chant the sixteen-name, thirty-two syllable mahd-mantra on tulasi-mald one hundred and eight times. Chanting four rounds is called one grantha. One should start with one grantha and gradually increase the number to sixteen granthas, or sixty-four rounds. That will make a prescribed number of one hundred thousand holy names. By gradually increasing the number of holy names to three hundred thousand, one will spend his entire life simply chanting. All previous dcdryas have attained perfection by following this order of the Lord. (Harinama-cintamani)


7.Should there be interruptions while chanting japa?


The chanting of the holy names must be constant. One should be careful that while chanting the holy names, no sensual activities create obstacles.

(Sri Bhdgavatdrka Marici-Mdla 13/15)


8. What mentality should a person have while chanting?


While chanting the holy names, may this desire arise in my heart: As the baby birds who cannot fly desire to see their mother, as the hungry calves wait intensely to drink their mother's milk, and as a wife becomes morose while meditating on her husband who is away in a foreign country, similarly, O Lord, let my mind become extremely eager for Your darsana.

(Sri Bhdgavatdrka Marici-Mdla 13/16)


9. Should a person who has taken shelter of the holy name need to undergo atonements based on karma and jnana?


Those who have fully taken shelter of the holy name have no need to undergo atonements based on karma and jndna. (Sri Bhdgavatdrka Marici-Mdla 13/17)


10. What are the characteristics of a person who has taken complete shelter of the holy names?


By misusing the six propensities of the heart (lust, anger, greed, illusion, pride, and envy) one commits sin. One who has taken complete shelter of the holy name does not commit sin. He engages his lust in discussing topics about Krsna and maintaining his Vaisnava family based on service to Krsna. He never engages in sinful activities, such as enjoying the wives of others, accumulating more money than he requires, desiring name and fame, cheating, or stealing. He uses his anger against those who are envious of Krsna and the Vaisnavas. In this way, he remains aloof from materialistic association. He avoids subduing and torturing others. Thus, his anger transforms into the tolerance of a tree. He uses his greed to relish the mellows of ecstatic love for Krsna and thereby does not bother to eat palatable foodstuffs, wear opulent clothes, enjoy beautiful women, or accumulate unlimited wealth. He uses illusion in experiencing transcendental mellows and thus becomes bewildered by the beauty of Krsna's pastimes and  the Vaisnavas' characteristics. Wealth, followers, and material happiness do not enamor him. Not bewildered by their improper conclusion, such a person does not become involved in impersonalism, atheism, or false argument. He engages pride in Krsna's service and thus renounces the pride coming from high birth, wealth, beauty, education, followers, and bodily strength. He totally renounces envy and violence toward others. By regulating his life in this way, he does not have the opportunity to commit sin. Rather, his propensity for sinful activities is uprooted. If, however, he accidentally commits a sin, it is nullified without his having to practice atonement.

(Sajjana Tosanl 8/9)


11. Do so-called devotees who take shelter of duplicity attain love of God?


As a patient attains the result of his medication even without knowing its power, similarly, one who chants the holy name of the Lord without knowing the holy name's strength easily achieves the results of his chanting. If persons who are affected by prejudice and a faulty interpretation of the holy name take shelter of duplicity, the holy name reserves the right to award such persons a result according to their own duplicity. The holy name never awards them the supreme fruit of love of God.

(Sri Bhdgavatdrka Marici-Mdld 13/24)


12.What is real Vrajavasa, residence in Vraja?


To live in a solitary place while experiencing transcendental emotion is called Vrajavasa. One should chant the holy names of the Lord a prescribed number of times and engage in the Lord's service twenty-four hours a day. One should engage in favorable service to the Supreme Lord in such a way that it does not create any impediment to his livelihood.

(Jaiva Dharma, Chapter 40)