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NITAAI-Veda.nyf > All Scriptures By Acharyas > Bhaktivinoda Thakura > Bhaktivinoda Vani Vaibhava > Bhaktivinoda Vani Vaibhava Part 2 and 3 > Vol 2 Abhidheya > Surrender

54 -Surrender


1. What is the eternal, perfect religion of the living entities?


Surrender and subordination to the Supreme Lord are the eternal, perfect religion of living entities. (Sajjana Tosani 10/9)


2. How can one attain pure devotional service?


Aiming at the ultimate instruction of surrender given in Bhagavad-glta, if one accepts all sense objects as the Supreme Lord's remnants and engages in His service, giving up karma and jhana, then he can attain pure devotional service. {Sajjana Tosani 10/9)


3. What is the root of pure bhajana?


No one can attain the mercy of Krsna simply by studying the scriptures or hearing their conclusions, To give up endeavor for karma and jhana and become fully surrendered to the Supreme Lord is the root of pure bhajana. As a result of such bhajana, one achieves the ultimate goal of life, love of Krsna.      (Sajjana Tosani 11/7)


4. Is there any meaning to the life of a person who is devoid of surrender?


Without surrender, the jivas' lives are useless. All living entities should worship Krsna with full surrender. (Sajjana Tosanl 11/6)


5. What is the ornament of a practitioner of devotional service?


The entire life of a practitioner of devotional service should be decorated with surrender. {Sajjana Tosanl 11/6)


6. How does one give up name and fame?


The Vaisnava spiritual masters have given me the name Bhaktivinoda, but because I have no true devotion, for me this name is only a disease. To cure myself of this disease, I take shelter of the Vaisnavas' feet. (Song from Glta Mala)


7. What is the fate of a person who is overwhelmed by temporary material happiness and distress?


A woman who wishes to always keep her temporary relationship with her husband or son will find that she cannot. When the fruit of her karma is ripe, her son will perish. Even if the son sits on her lap, she has no power to protect him. Thinking happiness and suffering come from material relationships, the soul falls far from Lord Krsna's feet and falls into a lower life. Therefore, please stop your grief! Dive into the bliss of the holy name. All these words fulfill the desires of Bhaktivinoda. (Song from Glta Mala)


8. What is the prayer of a fully surrendered pure devotee?


I will behave equally with everyone and not try to demand respect from others. I will always try to give respect to others. In this way I will constantly remain absorbed in the thought of Krsna through the process of krsna-sanklrtana. (Kalydna-kalpatani, Song 6)


10. Do the Vaisnavas feel any external, ordinary distress?


The external distress of the Vaisnavas is not actual distress, as it is foreign to them. It is temporary and passes off blissfully in due course of time.

(Sajjana Tosanl 10/2)


11. How many types of surrender are there?


Surrender is of six kinds.

1. Accepting things favorable for devotion.

2. Rejecting things unfavorable for devotion.

3. Maintaining the conviction that Krsna will certainly protect us.

4. Maintaining the mentality that Krsna alone is one's sustainer.

5. Offering everything to the Lord.

6. Humility.

Each of these six types of surrender is further divided into three categories: bodily, mental, and verbal. (Sajjana Tosanl 4/9)


12. In what behaviors are the fully surrendered devotees situated?


One should accept only that which is favorable for devotional service and reject only that which is unfavorable. One should have the firm conviction that there is no protector other than Lord Krsna, and should also have faith that Krsna will maintain him. One should offer everything to Krsna, spending his life in sincere humility.

(Bhajana-rahasya, Chapter 3) 


13. What determination should a fully surrendered soul  maintain? From what should he be detached?


I will reject with firm determination whatever is unfavorable to the path of my worship of the Lord. While worshiping the Lord, I will give up my body when the proper time comes."

(Kalyana-kalpataru, Song 6)


14. Does a surrendered devotee think about his own maintenance?


I will never think of my own maintenance. Rather, I will remain absorbed in love of God. O Lord! Bhaktivinoda has accepted You as his sole maintainer.



15. Being surcharged with love of God, how does a pure devotee sees the Lord's relationship with himself and this world?


O Lord Hari! You are the father of the universe. You are the mother of the universe. You are the beloved Lord and the son. You are the well-wisher, the friend, the spiritual master, the husband, and the desire tree. I am only Your eternal servant. (Glta Mala, Song 26)


16. What hope do the living entities, who are submerged in the material ocean, have?


O Lord! When I was submerged in the material ocean, I called you pathetically to please deliver me. At that time You came forward to protect me. Realizing You as the pivot for my deliverance, I saw a ray of hope. (Glta Mala, Song 10)


17. What will result when one goes either with or against Krsna's will?


Whatever Krsna desires is auspicious for everyone. One should give up one's independence and destroy all problems. Krsna gives, Krsna takes away, and Krsna maintains everyone. Krsna protects and Krsna kills by His own sweet will. Whoever desires to oppose Krsna's will can never be successful but will simply suffer. (Glta Mala, Song 3)


18. How should one accept Krsna as the only maintainer so that he can achieve love of Krsna?


I am an eternal spirit soul, a servant of Krsna. There is no protector or maintainer for me other than Krsna. I am the most fallen and poor. If I spend my life enjoying the fruits of my previous karma but at the same time hear and chant the holy names of Krsna, I will certainly attain the Lord's mercy. If I remain with this conviction, then I can attain love of Krsna.

(Purport to Brhat-Bhagavatamrta)


19. Why is it good for a devotee to depend on Krsna's mercy?


"Either today or in one hundred years or in some lifetime or other, Krsna will certainly bestow His mercy upon me. Therefore, I will take shelter at His lotus feet with firm determination and never leave Him." Such an attitude and such patience is required for those practicing devotional service. (Sajjana Tosani 11/5)


20. What is atma-nivedana, full surrender to Krsna?


To possess the mentality that I do not belong to myself but to Krsna is the symptom of full surrender to Krsna. (Sajjana Tosani 4/9)


21. Does a fully surrendered devotee remember his past history?


0 Lord! After attaining Your blissful service, I have forgotten all my previous histories. I belong to You and You belong to me. What is the use of anything else? (Saranagati)


22. How does Krsna's surrendered servant accept the happiness and distress born out of his service to Krsna?


All the distresses born in the course of Your service are also the source of my pleasure. Happiness and distress born from Your service are the supreme wealth, and they destroy the unhappiness of nescience. (Saranagati)


23. While living in Krsna's family, does a surrendered soul desire material enjoyment?


1 take a respite from material enjoyment and become fearless of material existence. I will constantly serve You and not desire to enjoy the fruits of my karma. I will remain attached

to Your lotus feet and constantly endeavor to please You. (Saranagati)


24. What kind of humility does a practitioner who is engaged in the chanting of the holy names display before an exalted Vaisnava?


I do not find the strength to alone carry on the sankirtana of Hari's holy name. Please bless me by giving me just one drop of faith with which to obtain the great treasure of the holy name of Krsna. Krsna is yours. You have the power to give Him to me. I am simply running behind you as a beggar shouting, "Krsna! Krsna!" (Saranagati)


25. How should a practitioner, who desires to chant the Lord's holy names pray to his spiritual master?


Gurudeva, give this servant just one drop of mercy. I am lower than a blade of grass. Give me all help. Give me strength. Let me be as you are, without desires or aspirations. I offer you all respects, for thus I may have the energy to offer respect to everyone properly. Then, by chanting the holy name in great ecstasy, all my offenses will cease. (Saranagati)


26.Does an unalloyed devotee ever give up Krsna's lotus feet?


It is not possible for one who has no other desire to give up Your lotus feet. O Lord! Such a person spends his life taking shelter at Your lotus feet. Your lotus feet are the cause of his fearlessness. (Gita Mala, Song 11)


27. How should one worship Krsna until death?


As long as one possesses a material body, one should remain attached to Krsna and accept Him as one's wealth, friend, and life. One should consider the relationships with brothers, friends, husbands, and children—which are all related to one's body—as temporary. (Gita Mala, Song 2)


28. Does a sincere worshiper of Hari ever consider himself a guru?


I will consider myself Your servant and give up the pride of being a guru. I will honor without duplicity remnants of the dust from Your lotus feet and drink water that has washed Your lotus feet. (Kalyana-kalpataru, Song 8)


29. To whom does the Absolute Truth manifest?


The Bhagavata teaches us that God gives us truth when we earnestly seek it. Truth is eternal and inexhaustible. The soul receives a revelation when it is anxious for it. (The Bhagavata: Its Philosophy, Its Ethics, & Its Theology)


30. Does a fully surrendered devotee ever proudly consider himself the doer?


O Lord! If You search after my qualification You will find none, for Your mercy is my life and soul: If you do not bestow Your mercy, then I will simply cry and no longer remain alive.  (Sarandgati)


31. Whose shelter should a living entity who is lost in the dense forest of material existence accept?


The four directions are covered with thick dark clouds in the form of foolishness. Upon that, the rain of material misery is constantly showering. Seeing such a situation I am frightened and have lost my way. O Lord Acyuta! Due to my foolishness I have fallen into the grip of misfortune and am suffering in the ocean of material existence. I have no guide to show me the real path and thus am almost dying. Therefore, O Lord! I pray to You with my heart and soul. (Glta Mala, Song 18)


32. How does a pure devotee pray for Krsna's mercy?


O Lord! I am the most wretched person and You are the most merciful. Therefore, I have a right to receive Your mercy. The more one is fallen, the more You display Your mercy to him. Therefore, I am a suitable candidate for Your mercy. (Glta Mala, Song 19)


33. What kind of eagerness does an exalted devotee display in order to attain the qualification to chant the Lord's name?


If I do not expect any respect for myself but always give respect to others, then You will award me the qualification to chant Your holy names. O Lord! I grab Your lotus feet without duplicity and fall on the ground with great humility. (Kalydna-kalpataru, Song 8)


34. When does an exalted Vaisnava bestow mercy upon the living entities?


When will I be so fortunate that the Vaisnavas will consider me their own servant? I will sing the transcendental qualities of Sri Krsna in Vrndavana and become intoxicated by drinking the nectar from the lotus feet of the spiritual master. The fruitive workers, mental speculators, and envious persons averse to Krsna will reject this beggar with hatred. The smdrtas, who are attached to ritualistic ceremonies, will conclude that I am devoid of proper behavior and therefore extremely restless. Persons proud of their material knowledge, as well as impersonalists, will give up my association, considering me a madman. Then the most pious Vaisnavas will mercifully embrace me, seeing me devoid of bad association.

(Kalydna-kalpataru, Song 2)