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NITAAI-Veda.nyf > All Scriptures By Acharyas > Bhaktivinoda Thakura > Bhaktivinoda Vani Vaibhava > Bhaktivinoda Vani Vaibhava Part 2 and 3 > Vol 2 Abhidheya > Anartha-nivrtti

46 -Anartha-nivrtti


1.What is the materialist's primary anartha?


Sense gratification is the materialist's primary anartha. (Sri Krsna-samhitd, 9/15)


2. How many kinds of anarthas are there?


There are four kinds of anarthas. They are svarupa-bhram, identifying the body with  the self, asatrsnd, thirst for material enjoyment, aparadha, offensiveness, and  hrdaya-daurbalya, weakness of heart. (Sajjana Tosani 9/9)


3. How are the four types of anarthas defined and how can they be destroyed?


By forgetting that we are pure spirit soul, servants of Krsna, the conditioned souls have  fallen from their eternal constitutional position. Forgetfulness of this constitutional  position is the living entity's principal anartha. Considering all material objects as either  ourselves or belonging to us and thirsting for temporary material happiness define the  second anartha. Desire for good children, wealth, and heavenly pleasures are examples  of how this anartha manifests in us.  The third anartha has ten forms, including  lamentation, which arise from weakness of heart, the fourth anartha. These four types  of anarthas are caused by nescience. They are gradually destroyed when we cultivate  pure Krsna consciousness. (Jaiva Dharma, Chapter 17)


4. Can anarthas cover the great sun of the holy name?


The cloudlike anarthas of the conditioned souls cover the sunlike holy name and bring  about darkness. Actually, the anarthas only cover the conditioned souls' eyes. The  sunlike holy name is great and can never be covered. (Harindma-cintamani)


5. Why are the living entities not inclined toward the Supreme Lord?


Living entities are not inclined toward the Supreme Lord because of their incessant  desire for sense gratification. (Sajjana Tosani 11/5)


6. When does the thirst for material enjoyment cease?


The thirst for material enjoyment is not totally destroyed until pure attachment for the  transcendental Absolute Truth is awakened. (Sajjana Tosani 11/6)


7.What is the harm if one's heart is weak?


It is often difficult to give up bad association and activities unfavorable to devotional  service due to weakness of heart. One commits offenses at the feet of Bhakti-devi due to  bad association or sinful activities. This makes one's bhajana impure. Therefore, one  should give up weakness of heart and engage in pure bhajana with enthusiasm. (Sajjana Tosani 11/7)


8. Which anarthas are produced from weakness of heart?


The following activities arise from weakness of heart: laziness; subordination to  insignificant objects; bewilderment of heart due to lamentation; distraction from pure  devotional service due to false argument; miserliness in offering all one's energy to the  cultivation of Krsna consciousness; rejection of humility due to the pride of caste,  wealth, education, followers, beauty, and strength; willingness to be misguided by  irreligious propensities and instructions; disinterest in rectifying prejudice;  abandonment of compassion due to anger, illusion, envy; intolerance; false  identification of the self as a Vaisnava due to the desire for name, fame, and the  cheating propensity; and the torture of other living entities that arises from the desire  to enjoy women, wealth, and other forms of sense gratification. (Sajjana Tosani 9/9)


9. What is thirst for sense gratification?


The desire for sense gratification using one's material body is called "thirst for sense  gratification." Heavenly pleasures, sense enjoyment, wealth, and enjoyment from  followers are all examples of this thirst. The more one's constitutional position is  awakened, the more one will be detached from insignificant material objects. At the  same time one should take special care to give up the offenses against the holy name.  By chanting the Lord's name while giving up the offenses, one will quickly attain the  treasure of love of God.

(Sajjana Tosani 9/9)


10. Can one worship Lord Hari through one's own independent understanding?


Pure unalloyed devotional service will not be awakened in the heart if we depend on our  own independent understanding. (Sajjana Tosani 11/6) 


11. What disturbances do anarthas create?


The disturbances of bad association, duplicity, and dependence on godless people are  caused by anarthas. These disturbances hinder our progress in devotional service. One  certainly indulges in discussing worldly topics in the course of bad association. As a  result, one develops a strong attachment for temporary material objects and one's life  of pure bhajana is thus greatly hampered. (Sajjana Tosani 11/7)


12. Is a long, healthy life without love of God to be condemned?


A long and healthy life becomes a source of anartha if there is no loving relationship  with God. (Prema-pradlpa, Ray 2)


13. What anartha does Putana symbolize?


Putana symbolizes the pseudo spiritual master who teaches his disciples material  enjoyment and the importance of liberation. The pseudo sddhus who are fond of  material enjoyment and liberation belong to the Putana category. Out of compassion for  His pure devotees, child Krsna killed Putana to protect His newly grown mood. [For  detailed explanation of this paragraph, please see Appendix A] (Caitanya-siksamrta 6/6)


14. What anartha does a practitioner destroy by hearing the pastime of Krsna breaking  the cart?


The burden of former and modern prejudices, laziness, and pride are destroyed when  Krsna kills Sakatasura. Child Krsna destroys such anarthas by killing the Sakata demon. {Caitanya-siksamrta 6/6)


15. What anartha does Trnavarta represent?


Trnavarta symbolizes the pride of useless learning, false argument, dry logic or  reasoning, and the association of such persons. This list also includes atheism. Feeling  compassionate upon seeing a practitioner's humility, child Krsna kills the demon  Trnavarta and destroys the thorns on the path of bhajana. (Caitanya-siksamrta 6/6)


16. What anarthas are eradicated when Krsna uproots the Yamalarjuna trees?


The madness caused when we are violent toward others, association with women, and  wine drinking are caused by the pride of opulence and aristocracy. Such pride makes a  living entity's tongue unrestricted, and because he is merciless and shameless, he  becomes envious of other living entities . Krsna destroys such faults by mercifully  uprooting the Yamalarjuna trees.

(Caitanya-siksamrta 6/6)


17. What anarthas does Vatsasura symbolize?


Sinful activities and being controlled by others' intelligence because of one's own greed  or childish nature are the anarthas symbolized by Vatsasura. Krsna mercifully destroys  them. (Caitanya-siksamrta 6/6)


18. What anarthas does Bakasura symbolize?


Duplicity, the cheating propensity, and false behavior due to deceit are the symptoms  of the anarthas known as Bakasura. One cannot attain pure devotional service to Krsna  without destroying these faults. (Caitanya-siksamrta 6/6)


19. What anarthas does Aghasura symbolize?


Krsna killing the demon Aghasura removes the sins of violence toward other living  entities and torturing others due to hatred.

(Caitanya-siksamrta 6/6) 


20. What anarthas does the bewilderment of Lord Brahma represent?


The bewilderment of Brahma represents the accumulation of doubts arising from the  cultivation of karma and jsana, and the disregard for the mood of sweetness due to  being absorbed in the mood of opulence. (Caitanya-siksamrta 6/6)


21. What anartha does Dhenukasura symbolize?


The killing of Dhenukasura deals with the removal of the gross or animalistic mentality,  lack of spiritual knowledge, ignorance about the absolute truth, and the sin of one's  knowledge opposing one's constitution position. ( Caitanya-siksamrta 6/6)


22. What anarthas are removed when we hear of Krsna's chastisement of Kaliya?


Kaliya's chastisement removes pride, cheating, cruelty, the propensity to harm others,  and the lack of compassion for other living entities.

(Caitanya-siksamrta 6/6)


23. What anarthas does the forest fire pastime indicate?


Destroying the forest fire illustrates the destruction of quarrel between one living entity  and another, and envy of authorized sampraddyas, demigods, and conflicts such as  war. (Caitanya-siksamrta 6/6)


24. What anarthas does the pastime with Pralambasura symbolize?


The killing of Pralamba illustrates the removal of the desire for women, profit,  adoration, and distinction. (Caitanya-siksamrta 6/6)


25. What anarthas are indicated by the second forest fire pastime?


Krsna's swallowing the forest fire illustrates His removal of disturbances while practicing  religious principles and those caused by atheists. (Caitanya-siksamrta 6/6)


26. What anarthas are symbolized by the yajsic brdhmanas' negligence of Krsna?


Seeing the behavior of the yajhic brdhmanas, devotees learn to give up indifference  toward Krsna and attachment to fruitive activities caused by pride in their standing  under the vafndsrama system. (Caitanya-siksamrta 6/6)


27. What anarthas are symbolized by the pastime dealing with Indra's worship?


The prohibition to worship Indra illustrates the rejection of the godless mentality and  self-worship. (Caitanya-siksamrta 6/6)


28. What is the teaching behind the pastime of delivering Nanda from Varuna's  clutches?


Delivering Nanda from Varuna teaches us that by drinking wine, etc., our happiness in  worshiping the Lord will certainly diminish.

(Caitanya-siksamrta 6/6)


29. What is the purport of the pastime involving King Nanda's deliverance from the  snake?


The deliverance of Nanda from the snake illustrates the rejection of the association of  impersonalists, and the deliverance of the devotional science when it is swallowed by  impersonalism. (Caitanya-siksamrta 6/6) 


30. What anarthas does the pastime with Sankhacuda symbolize?


The killing of Sankhacuda teaches us to abandon the desire for name, fame, and the  association of women. {Caitanya-siksamrta 6/6)


31. What anarthas does the bull-shaped Aristasura symbolize?


The killing of Aristasura shows how the disregard for devotional service, which  manifests from the pride of cheating religion, can be destroyed. {Caitanya-siksamrta  6/6)


32. Which anarthas does Kesi symbolize?


The mentality, "I am a great devotee or an acarya," as well as mundane false ego and  opulence, are destroyed when Krsna kills the Kesi demon.

{Caitanya-siksamrta 6/6)


33. What anarthas does Vyomasura symbolize?


The killing of Vyomasura illustrates how we should abandon the association of thieves  and hypocrites. {Caitanya-siksamrta -6/6)


34. What kind of anartha is lack of determination? What harm does it cause?


"Let me indulge in sense gratification today; tomorrow I shall give it up." Such weakness  can never bring auspiciousness. Whatever one feels to be obstacles on the path of his  devotional service should immediately be given up on the strength of Caitanya  Mahaprabhu's mercy. Determination is the root of sadhana. When determination is  absent, one will not be able to advance even a step in spiritual life. {Sajjana Tosani 11/5)


35. Is hypocrisy an anartha?


One should never hear the advice of the hypocrites, who are fond of sense gratification.  {Caitanya-siksamrta 7/1)