Click here to load whole tree
NITAAI-Veda.nyf > All Scriptures By Acharyas > Bhaktivinoda Thakura > Bhaktivinoda Vani Vaibhava > Bhaktivinoda Vani Vaibhava Part 1 > Unauthorized Sampradayas


Unauthorized Sampradayas


1. Which philosophies and beliefs from foreign countries are equal to Indian philosophy that is opposed to the Vedas"?


People in our country accept subordination to the Vedas and Vedanta-sutra, which are the source of perfect spiritual knowledge. Even so, various philosophies  (such as that of Carvaka and Buddha), and various writings (such as Sahkhya, Patanjala, and Vaisesika) which oppose the philosophy of the Vedas, have come  about. Various "isms" such as materialism, positivism, secularism, pessimism, skepticism, pantheism, and atheism have been preached in countries like China,  Greece, Iraq, France, England, Germany, and Italy. A few philosophies have been invented by establishing God with the help of arguments. A philosophy that  one should faithfully worship God has also been preached in many places in the world. In some places, this philosophy is accepted only as a faith; in some  other countries, it is preached as the God-given religion. Wherever it is accepted only as a faith, it has been known as theism, and wherever it is accepted  as a God-given religion, it has been accepted as Christianity and Mohammedanism.(Tattva-viveka 1/3)


2.Which religions are called irreligion, cheating religion,reflection of religion, or nonreligion?


Religion in which various anarthas such as atheism, skepticism, materialism, and impersonalism are present, the devotees do not accept as religion. In fact,  such religions are to be accepted as irreligion, cheating religion, reflection of religion, or nonreligion.(Caitanya-siksamrta 1/1)


3.What is the religious principle of the materialists?


Religious principles that are propagated by the materialists are baseless and fallible like a house. (Tattva-viveka 1/9/12)


4.What are the characteristics of selfish and selfless materialists of India and other countries?


The philosophy of attaining material pleasures is of two kinds: the philosophy of selfish material pleasures, svartha-jadananda-vadi, and the philosophy of  unselfish material pleasures, nihsvartha-jadananda-vadi.


Those who follow the philosophy of selfish material pleasures think: "Neither God, nor soul, nor afterlife, nor karmic reactions exist. Therefore, concerned  only for results visible in this world, let us spend our time in sense pleasures. We don't need to waste our time performing useless religious activities."  Because of bad association and sinful deeds, this atheistic philosophy has existed in human society from ancient times. However, this philosophy has never  become prominent among faithful, respectable people. Still, in different countries some people have taken shelter of this idea and even written books  propounding it. In India the brahmana Carvaka, in China the atheist Yangchoo, in Greece the atheist Leucippus, in Central Asia Sardanaplus, in Rome  Lucretious, and many others in many countries all wrote books propounding these ideas. Von Holback says that one should perform philanthropic deeds to  increase one's personal happiness. By working to make others happy, one increases one's own happiness, and that is good.


Trying to persuade the people in general, the authors of modern books propounding the philosophy of material pleasure often talk about unselfish material  pleasure or doing good materially for others. In India, atheism existed even in ancient days. With great erudition, one philosopher wrote a great distortion  of the Vedic teaching. A distortion called the Mlmarhsa-sutra, beginning with the words codana-laksano dharmah, replaces God with an abstract origin, before  which nothing existed (apurva). In Greece, a philosopher named Democritus preached this philosophy also. He said that matter and void exist eternally. When  these two meet, there is creation, and when they are separated, there is destruction. Material elements are different only because their atoms are of  different sizes. Otherwise the elements are not different. Knowledge is a sensation that comes when something within touches something without. His  philosophy holds that all existence is composed of atoms.


In our country also, Kanada in his Vaisesika philosophy taught that the material elements are composed of eternal atoms. However, the Vaisesika philosophy is  different from Democritus' atomic theory, for the Vaisesika philosophy accepts the eternal existence of both God and soul. In Greece, Plato and Aristotle  refused to accept an eternal God as the only creator of the material world. Kanada's errors are also seen in their views. Gassendi accepted the existence of  atoms, but concluded that God created the atoms.In France, Diderot and Lamettrie preached the theory of unselfish material pleasure. The theory of unselfish  material pleasure reached its high point in France's philosopher Compte, who was born in 1795 and died in 1857. His impure philosophy is called positivism.  It is inappropriately named, for it accepts the existence of matter only, and nothing else.It claims that aside from sense knowledge there is no true  knowledge. The mind is only a special arrangement of material elements. In the final conclusion, no origin of all existence can be described. Furthermore,  there is no need to discover any origin of the material world. There is no sign that any conscious creator of the material world exists. The thinking mind  should categorize things according to their relationships, results, similarities, and dissimilarities. One should not accept the existence of anything beyond  matter. Belief in God is for children. Adults know God is a myth. Discriminating between good and evil, one should act righteously. One should try to do good  to all human beings.


That is the philosophy of unselfish material pleasure. Thinking in this way, one should act for the benefit of all human beings. One should imagine a female  form and worship it. That form is, of course, unreal. Still, by worshiping it one attains good character. The earth, or the totality of material existence,  is called the Supreme Fetish, the land is called the Supreme Medium, and the primordial human nature is called the Supreme Being. A female form with an  infant in her hands should be worshiped morning, noon, and night. This imaginary female form, which is an amalgam of one's mother, wife, and daughter, should  be meditated and worshiped in the past, present, and future. One should not seek any selfish benefit from these actions.


In England, a philosopher named Mill taught a philosophy of sentimentalism that is largely like Compte's philosophy of unselfish material pleasure. In this  way atheism, or secularism, attracted the minds of many youths in England. Mill, Lewis, Paine, Carlyle, Bentham, Combe, and other philosophers preached these  ideas. This philosophy is of two kinds. One kind was taught by Holyoake, who kindly accepted God's existence to some extent. Bradlaugh, who was a thorough  atheist, taught the other kind.(Tattva-viveka 1/5/8)


5.What is the real nature of the selfless materialists?


The selfish materialists are understood by their name, but actually the selfless materialists are also selfish.(Tattva-viveka Will)


6.Is the philosophy of the selfless materialist devoid of selfishness?


The philosophy of godless secularism was vigorously preached in India by the learned smartas, who cleverly tried to connect God with their philosophy. The  self-interest of one person created obstacles for the self-interest of another person. As soon as less intelligent people heard the word selfless, they  immediately respected the philosophy of the selfless materialist, with a desire to achieve their own self-interest.

(Tattva-viveka 1/9/12)


7.How much fundamental knowledge do the learned scholars of the Western countries possess?


In the Western countries very few people are civilized and intelligent. In those countries people like Tindale, Haxli, and Darwin are considered very  learned. They are supposed to be learned because they can present old topics in a new language. In Bhagavad-gita, which appeared five thousand years ago, the  demoniac propensities are described. It is stated therein that the theory of evolution and the theory ol gradual advancement are born from a demoniac nature.

(Religion and Science, Sajjana-tosani 111)


8.Is the atonement prescribed by mundane smartas without duplicity?


Once a smarta-pandita prescribed the candrayana-vrata and other harsh penances to a person who had asked him about the atonement for a particular sin.  Hearing this, the person said, "O Bhattacarya Mahasaya, if I must perform a candrdyana-vrata for killing that spider, then your son, who was also implicated  in that act, must also perform that penance." Seeing this would be a great calamity for his son, the Bhattacarya Mahasaya turned two or three pages in his  big book and said, "Aha! I made a mistake. Now I see. 1'he books state that a dead spider is only a piece of rag. So you need not perform any atonement at  all." The atheist smdrta-panditas are like that. (Tattva-viveka 1/9/12)


9.What is the fate of persons who follow the philosophy of skepticism?


The philosophy of skepticism ruins its followers, because they are always doubtful of the Absolute Truth. (Tattva-viveka 1/16)


10.What is the position of the modern atheists?


Modern atheists preach philosophies that are illusory and establish themselves as new propounders. They only change the name and form of an old philosophy.

(Tattva-viveka 1/17)


11.What is the conception of mundane transcendentalists?


We meet many so-called panditas who think that they have understood bhakti by their knowledge and intelligence. Some conclude that devotional service mixed  with jndna is pure bhakti, and others conclude that devotional service mixed with karma is pure bhakti. They are so proud that if they hear the teachings of  Sri Caitanya-caritdmrta, they say, "Everyone can make their own conclusion. What is the need to take the conclusion of Caitanya-caritamrta?" These people  never come in touch with sad-dharma because they have no desire to know it. The result of performing their own concocted process of devotional service is  that they can never relish pure devotion. (Tat-tat-karma-pravdrtana, Sajjana-tosani 11/6)


12.Does morality without faith in God have any value?


Some people accept worldly morality, but they do not accept God. To protect themselves, they say that morality without faith in God is always fearless and  dutiful. If one does not accept God, all his worldly morality is useless.(Caitanya-siksdmrta 3/3)


13.Have the mundane psychologists or scientists done any good for the world?


Those who have written volumes of books on the subject of psychology, with the help of arguments but without understanding the real form of psychology, have  simply poured ghee onto ashes. They labored uselessly and became intoxicated with pride while accumulating name and fame. What to speak of doing good for the  people of this world, they have created inauspiciousness.(Sajjana-tosani 8/9)


14.How did Sahkaracarya convert fruitive workers and Buddhists to his own philosophy?


Sahkaracarya was not satisfied with his brdhmana followers, so he introduced ten types of sannydsis, such as Giri, Purl, and Bharatl. With the help of the  physical and mental strength of these sannydsis, Sahkaracarya converted the brdhmanas who were attached to fruitive activities, and he prepared himself to  vanquish the Buddhists. Wherever he failed to convert the Buddhists to his philosophy, he engaged ndgds, naked sannydsis, who used weapons such as spears.  Ultimately, he wrote a commentary on Vedanta and thus combined the karma-kdnda of the brdhmanas with the jndna-kdnda of the Buddhists. In this way, he united  both groups. The Buddhist temples were converted into Vedic temples. Out of fear of being beaten, as well as by realizing the insignificance of their own  religious practices, the Buddhists helplessly accepted the authority of the brdhmanas. The Buddhists who hated being converted took the remnants of their  cult and fled to Sri Lanka and Brahmadesa (Myanmar or Burma). The old Buddhists took Lord Buddha's tooth and went to Sri Lanka from Jagannatha Purl. (Krsna-samhitd Introduction)


15.Is it proper to accept a living entity or a sannydsl as Lord Narayana?


The MayavadI sannydsls consider themselves Brahman and address each other Narayana. It is the custom of the smartas that if the brahmanas and the  householders see a sannydsl, they should offer him obeisances, thinking him to be Narayana. To stop this wrong belief, Sriman Mahaprabhu said that any living  entity, including a sannydsl, can never become Krsna, who is full of six opulences. The living entity is only a spiritual spark; therefore he is like a  particle of the rays of the sun Krsna. It is improper to offer obeisances to a living entity because one considers him to be Narayana. (Amrta-pravdha-bhdsya, Caitanya-caritdmrta Madhya 18/ 112 to 116)


16.Do the demigods accept the worship offered by the Mayavadis?


The demigods do not accept the worshipable ingredients and foods offered to them by the Mayavadis because the Mayavadis are infected with the faults of  Mayavada philosophy.(Jaiva Dharma Chapter 10)


17.Do the Mayavadis hear, chant, and offer prayers that are pleasing to Krsna?


Mayavadis consider the glories of devotional service, the object of worship, and the Lord's servants as temporary. Their hearing, chanting, serving, and  offering prayers, therefore, are felt by Krsna as blows of thunderbolts.(A song from Sarandgati)


18.Is the philosophy of accepting an animal as God pure religion?


A person or a community who worships an animal as God is understood to be following the philosophy of monism, (Caitanya-siksdmrta 5/3)


19.To whom alone should one worship?


Mayavadis engage in the worship of five gods: Durga, the sun-god, Ganapati, Siva, and Visnu. At first, there is the material energy (under the control of  Durga), then appears the sun, which induces action in the material energy, then appears Ganesa (Ganapati), who confirms the existence of consciousness. Then  appears Lord Siva, who is perceived as all-pervading, and finally, Lord Visnu is served. He is the Supersoul, sac-cid-dnanda, incomparable, and beyond the  reach of ordinary living entities. From a doubtful person to a learned scholar of spiritual topics, all are eligible to worship the Supreme Brahman. The  symptom of actual worship is to make advancement on the path of rdga. One should therefore worship the Supreme Lord, who is sac-cid-dnanda and the controller  of all living entities. However, if one remains entangled in other processes of worship, one will never achieve the goal, of life.{Tattva-sutra 47)


20.How do less intelligent people define the role of material nature?


Less intelligent people accept material energy as the doer of everything. However, the learned scholars attribute the killing of Mahisasura, Chandamunda,  Sumbha, and Nisumbha to material nature as follows: The word "doer" is attributed to a male or female who performs a particular activity in the material  world. For example, the water of the Ganges is the purifier, Calcutta is the giver of happiness, Kali is the destroyer of religious principles, and education  is the giver of wealth. In the same way as the Ganges, Calcutta, Kali, and education are the doer, material energy is also the doer. {Tattva-sutra 22)


21.Is the worship of Visnu among the worship of the five gods, not pure Vaisnava religion?


The worship of Visnu that exists in the worship of the five gods, is not pure Vaisnava religion, even though it consists of taking initiation, worshiping  Visnu, or even worshiping Radha and Krsna.{Jaiva Dharma Chapter 4)


22.Are the impersonalist sannydsis of Kasi the only Mayavadis?


The sannydsis of Varanasi are famous Mayavadis. The householders who worship five gods and who belong to their cult are also Mayavadis. Although they are  initiated into Visnu mantras, they are still called Mayavadis. Even many of those who identify themselves as close to Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu are Mayavadis.  Many cults such as bdula and daravesa also fall into the category of Mayavada. {Sajjana-tosanl 5-12)


23.What did Sankaracarya say regarding the living entities destination after liberation?


Sri Sahkara is totally silent about the wonderful destination a living entity achieves after his liberation. Those who pass their lives accepting only the  external portion of his teachings become distracted from the path of Vaisnava religion.{Jaiva Dharma Chapter 2)


24.What are the principles of Brahmo-dharma propounded by Ram Mohan Raya?


Brahmo-dharma propounded by Ram Mohan Raya is a mixture of Christianity and Hinduism. One can never expect the truth to be established in such,a religion.  The followers of Brahmo-dharma learned the superiority of santa-rasa from the Christian religion and foreign logicians, and thus they dare to disregard the  other superior rasas such as ddsya, sdkhya, vdtsalya, and mddhura. The pathetic condition of a person who tries to consider the superiority and inferiority  of the rasas without understanding the difference between matter and spirit is the same as the pathetic condition of a person who tries to learn geometry  without understanding the difference between an axiom and a postulate. {Sajjana-tosanl 8/4)


25.What is the basis of the philosophy of Ram Mohan Raya?


Raja Ram Mohan Raya crossed the gate of the Vedanta, which was a Mayavada construction designed by Sankaracarya, the chosen enemy of the Buddhists and Jains,  and chalked his way to the Unitarian form of the Christian faith converted into an Indian appearance.(The Bhagavat: Its Philosophy, Its Ethics & Its  Theology)


26.What did Sri Bhaktivinoda Thakura say about the ascending process of Ram Mohan Raya's philosophy?


Ram Mohan Raya was an able man. He could not be satisfied with the theory of illusion contained in the Mayavada philosophy of Sahkara. His heart was full of  love of nature. Through the eye of his mind, he saw that he could not believe in Sahkara's identity with God. He ran furiously from the bounds of Sahkara to  those of the Koran. Even then, he was not satisfied. Next, he studied the pre-eminently beautiful precepts and history of Jesus, first in the English  translations and then in the original Greek, and took shelter under the holy banner of the Jewish Reformer. But Ram Mohan Raya was also a patriot. He wanted  to reform his country in the same way as he reformed himself. He knew that truth does not belong exclusively to any individual, nation, or race. Truth  belongs to God, and whether at the poles or the equator, man has a right to claim it as the property of his father. On these grounds, Ram Mohan Raya claimed  the truths inculcated by the Western Savior as the property of himself and his fellow citizens, and thus he established the Brahmo-samaja independently of  what was in his own country in the beautiful Bhagavatam. His noble deeds will certainly secure him a high position in the history of reformers. But then, to  speak the truth, he would have done more if he had commenced his work of reformation from the point where the last reformer of India left off.

(The Bhagavat: Its Philosophy, Its Ethics & Its Theology)


27.What is the principal reason of Ram Mohan Raya's opposition to the teachings of Srimad-Bhagavatam?


The Bhagavatam did not attract Ram Mohan Raya. His thought, mighty though it was, unfortunately branched like the Ranigunj line of the railway. From the  barren station of Sankaracarya, he did not attempt to go beyond the Delhi Terminus to the great Bhagavatam expounder of Nadia.

(The Bhagavat: Its Philosophy, Its Ethics & Its Theology)


28.What is the worship of matter?


"The sky that exists within the cosmic creation is all-pervading and formless; this is also true of its controller." This is called the worship of matter.

(Tattva-viveka 1/28)


29.Why are the followers of Brahmo-dharma against accepting the lotus feet of a spiritual master?


Fearing that they will be misguided by taking shelter at the lotus feet of a spiritual master, they do not endeavor to obtain his shelter, and even if they  happen to meet a bona fide spiritual master, they do not respect him. They give up the shelter of a bona fide spiritual master, because unauthorized

gurus misguide their disciples.{Tattva-viveka 1/28)


30.What is the difference between metaphysical truth and transcendental truth?


Until one realizes the subtle scientific difference between metaphysical truth and transcendental truth, one does not distinguish them when using these  terms. Dry speculators find it very difficult to awaken transcendental love of God. Due to an immense amount of piety, one develops attachment for  transcendental subject matters; one cannot see the transcendental variegatedness by staying on the other side of the wall in the form of metaphysical  arguments.(Sajjana-tosani 6/2)


31.When did the philosophy of Trinity come into being?


Zarathustra is a very ancient philosopher. When his philosophy found no honor in India, Zarathustra preached in Iran. It was by the influence of Zarathustra  ideas that Satan, an equally powerful rival to God, made his imaginary appearance first in the religion of the Jews and then in the religion based on the  Koran. Then, influenced by Zarathustra's idea of two Gods, the idea of three gods, or a "Trinity" made its appearance in the religion that had come from the  Jewish religion.(Tattva-viveka 1/21)


32.How did the philosophy of Trinity spread?


At first, three separate gods were concocted in the philosophy of Trinity. Later, learned scholars were no longer satisfied with this, so they made a  compromise, stating that these three concocted gods were God, the Holy Ghost, and Christ. Also in India, because of an anartha, Lord Brahma, Lord Visnu, and  Lord Siva were imagined as separate gods by a particular sect of people. However, scholars of the scriptures have defined these three demigods are one in  truth, and thus, they have often instructed not to differentiate between them. {Tattva-viveka 1/21)


33.Is the blasphemy of sandtana-dharma by the Christians reasonable?


One who is at heart a follower of Mohammed will certainly find the doctrines of the New Testament to be a forgery created by a fallen angel. A Trinitarian  Christian on the other hand will denounce the precepts of Mohammed as those of an ambitious reformer. The simple reason they criticize each other is that  they are of a different disposition of mind. Thoughts have different ways. One trained in the thoughts of the Unitarian Society or of the Veddnta at the  Benares School will scarcely find piety in those who beg from door to door in the name of Nityananda, and the followers of Nityananda will find no piety in  the Christian. The Vaisnava does not think the way the Christian thinks about the Vaisnava religion. It may be that both the Christian and the Vaisnava will  utter the same sentiment, but they will never stop fighting with each other, because they have arrived at their common conclusion by different thoughts. Thus  a great deal of unkindness enters into the arguments of pious Christians when they pass their imperfect opinion on the religion of the Vaisnavas.

(The Bhagavat: Its Philosophy, Its Ethics & Its Theology)


34.From which philosophy has the tantric philosophy appeared?


There are various opinions regarding the tantras: it cannot be said that they have arisen from a particular philosophy. That which is accepted in one place  is rejected in another place. In different places, the Supreme Brahman, material nature, or the living entity are accepted as the doer of everything. In this  philosophy, the living entities are sometimes accepted as false and sometimes as truth. {Tattva-viveka 1/14)


35.What is the real form of the philosophy of tantric power?


The various sddhanas that are described in the tantras— such as lata-sddhana, the ritual of performing illicit sex,panca-makdra-sddhana, the ritual  activities of sex and the consumption of wine, flesh, and fish, and surd-sddhana, the ritual of drinking wine, certainly do not appear to be taken from any  religious philosophy. They are nothing more than the philosophy of secularism and Comte's concocted philosophy of worshiping women.{Tattva-viveka 1/14)


36.What is the brief history of the birth of Mayavada philosophy?


The philosophy of Buddhism gradually turned into tantric philosophy, and at that time, the Mayavada philosophy was created. This philosophy remained within  Buddhism along with the philosophy of Buddhism. But as the philosophy of Mayavada or impersonalism spread, the followers of Buddhism called it covered  Buddhism.{Tattva-viveka 1/14)


37.Are the Mayavadis religious?


The Mayavadis are atheists.

{Kathasara, Caitanya-caritdmrta Madhya Chapter 6)


38. From where did the philosophy of Saivite come?


In our opinion, the philosophy of Saivite emanated from the Sahkhya philosophy of pseudo Kapila. However, there is a great deal of respect for material  nature in this philosophy, and therefore ignorant people mistakenly think it is the same as tantric philosophy. In the tantric philosophy, two seeds have  been compared to the enjoyer and material nature, but in conclusion, material nature has been accepted as the creator of spiritual variegatedness.  (Tattva-viveka 1/14)


39.Why did Buddhism and Jainism spread?


When the ksatriyas and vaisyas of India were extremely disturbed by the supreme rule of the brahmanas and the propagation of godless secularism, the  ksatriyas made a group and preached the philosophy of Buddhism, and vaisyas made a group and preached the philosophy of Jainism.(Tattva-viveka 1/13)


40.What is the brief history of Buddhism and Jainism?


According to Buddhism, after many births of practicing kindness and renunciation, one becomes first a bodhisattva and finally a Buddha. In this philosophy by  practicing humbleness, peacefulness, tolerance, kindness, selflessness, meditation, renunciation, and friendliness, the soul eventually attains parinirvdna.  In parinirvdna the soul no longer exists. In ordinary nirvana the soul continues to exist in a form of mercy. The followers of Jainism say that by practicing  kindness and renunciation, and by cultivating all virtues, the soul gradually passes through the stages of Naradatva,Mahadevatva,Vasudevatva,Paravasudevatva,  Cakravartitva, and, at the end, attains nirvana, Bhagavattva.


Buddhism and Jainism both accept the following ideas: The material world is eternal. Karma has no beginning, but it does have an end. Existence is suffering,  and cessation of existence {parinirvdna) is happiness. Jaimini's karma-mimdrhsd philosophy, which claims to accept the authority of the Vedas, is  inauspicious for the living entities. Cessation of existence (parinirvdna) is auspicious for the living entities.Although they are masters of the followers  of karma-mimdmsd, Indra and the demigods are servants of the sages who seek nirvana.(Tattva-viveka 1/13)


41.Is there any philosophy of nirvana like Buddhism and Jainism in the Western countries?


A philosophy of ultimate emancipation or nirvana similar to that of Buddhism and Jainism has been preached in Europe. The people of Europe call this religion  Pessimism. There is no difference between Pessimism and Buddhism except that in Buddhism, the living entities are suffering birth after birth and in some  lifetime they will accept the process of nirvana, gradually attain nirvana, and then the ultimate nirvana. But the philosophy of Pessimism does not accept  reincarnation.(Tattva-viveka 1/13)


42.Did Sri Bhaktivinoda Thakura support any imitator incarnation?


In different places, some people, mostly Mayavadls, were trying to become new Gauraiigas. They created an illusion in people's minds by performing  hari-kirtana in disguise. One was Gaurahga, one Nityananda, and another Advaita, and thus they made a group and began to perform hari-kirtana. Their main  purpose was to create illusion in the minds of ordinary people. The surprising fact was that many people actually thought Sri Gaurahga had manifested again  because of the way the group displayed symptoms of ecstatic love during the kirtana. Many of the people were educated in English and were very expert in  Western literature like Theosophy. Some of them came to us and said "When Gauracandra has personally appeared, why are you, His associate, sitting quietly?"

(Sajjana-tosani 8/1)


43.Are the Khadajathiyas or the followers of the Synthesis philosophy, pure devotees?


As soon as these people see the devotees, tears flow down from their eyes and hairs of their body stand on end. Sometimes, when they discuss the topics of  the Lord, they fall unconscious. In a religious assembly, they support religious sentiments. Sometimes, they become fully absorbed in material enjoyment and  act like madmen. They are not only committing offenses at the feet of Bhakti-devI by teaching such behavior to other people, but they are also ruining their  owii lives.(Sajjana-tosani 8/10)


44.Who are self-deceivers?


Those who call themselves Vaisnavas and make a show of performing klrtana but do not accept initiation are certainly self-deceivers.

(Sajjana-tosani 11/6)


45.Who are hypocrites?


Hypocrites are those who do not accept that devotional service is eternal, but they always display external signs of devotional service. Their goal is to  accomplish some remote purpose.(Caitanya-siksdmrta 3/3)


46.Who are sinful and cheating on the pretext of being an acary?


Pseudo ascetics and hypocrites give others mantras and pretend to be acaryas, but they engage in various sinful activities. Detached Vaisnavas must develop  extremely pure characteristics.(Sajjana-tosani 5/10)


47.Who are imposters?


Those who put on external signs of religion but do not follow the religious principles are imposters. There are two types of imposters: cheaters and fools,  and cheaters and cheated. (Sajjana-tosani 10/11)


48.What are the characteristics of cheaters who imitate successful yogis?


Some cheaters dress themselves as successful yogis and thus cheat the world. They search after sensual happiness and try to increase their own glories by  living their lives as yogis. Because chanting the holy names of Hari is the constitutional duty of the devotees of Krsna, the cheaters artificially preach  the principles of klrtana, and they act whimsically in regard to the fruitive and religious activities of real yogis. They engage in various material  enjoyments and create illusion in the minds of ordinary people, but these material activities cause their own downfall. They artificially cry and fall  unconscious during klrtana, and they become more materialistic than ordinary people. They become proud of being devotees, on account of accepting the dress  of a Vaisnava and the signs of the renounced order of life. They can therefore never approach the pure Vaisnavas, and they take shelter of and associate with  worldly abominable people. Even though they are averse to glorifying the qualities of Krsna, they sometimes manifest artificial symptoms of ecstatic love,  such as shivering while dancing in the klrtana. Day by day, these activities become the object of their enjoyment.(Bhajandmrtam)


49.What is the most harmful association in the world?


There is no worse association in the whole world than that of a dharmadvdji. One should rather associate with sense enjoyers. Being deceitful, the  dharmadvdjis take on the appearance of devotees with a desire to cheat everyone, and to fulfill their crooked desires, they cheat the foolish by helping them  in their rascaldom. Some of the dharmadvdjis become gurus and others become disciples, and by trickery, they accumulate wealth, women, false prestige, and  material assets. If one gives up the association of crooked hypocrites, one can honestly engage in devotional service. (Sajjana-tosani 10/11))


50.Is the endeavor of the sinful living entities against the system of varnasrama beneficial?


To preach religious principles without respecting the varnasrama system or the sannyasls engaged in devotional service is extremely harmful. The endeavors  against the varnasrama system by impersonalists, whimsical devotees, and various unauthorized sampraddyas, such as nedd, bdula, karttdbhaja, daravesa,  kumbhapaiya, ativddi, are also extremely harmful.(Caitanya-siksamrta)


51.What is the harm if persons who follow pseudo religion identify themselves as brahmacdris, sannyasls, and paramahathsas?


Nowadays, being involved in various pseudo religions, many people identify themselves as brahmacdris, sannyasls, and paramahamsas, and thus they destroy the  religious principles of the Aryans.{Sajjana-tosani 10/7)


52.By accepting any philosophy as Mahaprabhu's philosophy can one obtain the teachings of the Lord?


Many times, because of bad karma, miscreants of various unauthorized cults, such as pseudo religion and irreligion, say that they preach the teachings of Sri  Caitanyadeva. Being absorbed in material enjoyment and not having the ability to discriminate, many people accept those unauthorized cults as the line of  Mahaprabhu, and thus they are cheated from receiving the actual instructions of the Lord. (Caitanya-siksamrta)


53.Is the bdula philosophy similar to the Vaisnava philosophy?


The philosophies of the baulas, sdhis, nedds, daravesas, karttdbhajds, and ativddls are those of nondevotees. Their instructions and activities are most  incoherent. Many people lose respect in Vaisnavism by discussing these philosophies.(Prema-pradlpa Chapter 6)


54.Was the bdula philosophy propounded by Sri Sanatana Gosvami or Sri Viracandra Gosvami?


The form in which the bdula philosophy is seen at present is totally opposed to the scriptures. There are two types of instructions on devotional service  that are found in the sdstras: vaidhi and rdgdnuga. The bdulas do not follow any limbs of vaidhl-bhakti; they engage in various improper activities on the  pretext of rdgdnuga-bhakti. It is very hard to say who started the bdula philosophy. Sometimes the bdulas claim Sri Sanatana Gosvami and sometimes Sri  Viracandra Gosvami as their propounder. Actually neither Sri Sanatana Gosvami nor Viracandra Gosvami ever thought of the sinful path of the baulas. (Sajjana-tosani 4/4)


55.Is dressing in an uncivilized way approved by Sriman Mahaprabhu?


With a desire to receive Mahaprabhu's mercy, Sri Sanatana saw the Lord's sweet form. At that time, Sri Sanatana had a moustache and beard. Bdulas use this as  a reason for their keeping a moustache and beard. But, after seeing Sri Sanatana, Mahaprabhu embraced him and immediately instructed him to shave. At that  time, therefore, the bdulas' reason for keeping a beard and moustache was cut by the sharp razor of the barber.{Sajjana-tosani 2/7)


56.Do the bdulas belong to the disciplic succession of Sri Caitanya's followers?


The bdulas can never be identified as Vaisnavas belonging to the line of Sri Caitanya's followers. {Sajjana-tosani 2/7)


57.Do the groups, like sdhi and daravesa, belong to the line of Sri Caitanya's followers? If not, then who are they?


Since Sanatana was addressed as a fakir, persons who belong to various unauthorized groups, such as sdhi, daravesa, caranapali, and dulalcandi, dress  themselves as Mohammedan mendicants and often act like them. In this way, they claim to be Vaisnavas belonging to the line of Sri Caitanya.If someone asks  them, "Why do you dress and almost behave like Mohammedan mendicants but identify yourselves as Vaisnavas belonging to Sri Caitanya-sampradaya?"

In answer, they say, "Sanatana Gosvami was a Mohammedan mendicant." But when Mahaprabhu had Sanatana shave his moustache and beard, and ordered him to dress  as a Vaisnava, the authenticity of the sdhi, daravesa, caranapali, and dulalcandi was put to an end. For this reason the followers of sdhi and daravesa can  never become Vaisnava followers of Sri Caitanya; rather they should be known as belonging to the Mohammedan religion. {Sajjana-tosanl 2/7)


58.Are the following terms right and prestigious for the Vaisnava religion: Vaisnava-vamsa (Vaisnava dynasty), Vaisnava-jati (Vaisnava caste), and  Vaisnava-acarya-vamsa (dynasty of the Vaisnava dcdrya)?


There cannot be a Vaisnava-vamsa. There is no guarantee that every descendant of a particular dynasty will become a Vaisnava. We are seeing many rogues take  birth in various Vaisnava families, and they are acting like demons. Whereas many great people have taken birth in the family of dog-eaters and Mohammedans,  and have become Vaisnavas on the strength of pure devotional service. Many non-Vaisnavas are found in the families of Vaisnava dedryas. On the other hand,  many Vaisnavas have taken birth in the family of gross nondevotees. The prestige that is given to the caste Vaisnavas and descendants of Vaisnava dedryas  does not increase the glories of the Vaisnava religion; rather the audacity of non-Vaisnavism is increasing.{Sajjana-tosanl 9/9)


59. Is the sahajiyd religion a Vaisnava religion?


An abominable sect known as sahajiyd is secretly being followed in many parts of Bengal. The activities of this cult are extremely sinful. They do not follow  sahajiyd-dharma or spontaneous duties that are mentioned in the sdstras. The spontaneous duties of the pure spirit soul are to engage in the transcendental  service of Krsna. These duties are spontaneous for the soul, and they manifested at the same time as the soul, but they are not spontaneous when the soul is  materially conditioned.


The cheaters and the cheated have turned their pure love of Krsna into mundane spontaneous activities by the meeting of man and woman. Actually pure love is  not like that. For a soul in its constitutional position, the contact of a material male and female body is extremely abominable and improper. The cult that  is being advertised at present as sahajiyd-dharma is against all the scriptures.{Sajjana-tosanl 4/6)


60.For what purpose was the process of begging alms introduced? What is the present condition of this process?


Begging alms was first introduced for the benefit of pure Vaisnavas. But how it has become a business. The hypocrite Vaisnavas and Vaisnavis, deciding not to  earn their food by any work in the world, have taken to begging alms.{Sajjana-tosanl 6/3)


61.How did the process of begging alms become spoiled?


Seeing that the Vaisnavas did not agree to accept alms, useless men and women took advantage of the profession of begging alms.{Sajjana-tosanl 6/3)


62.Do pure Vaisnavas approve of hearing hari-kirtana from the mouths of professional singers?


Professional singers have neither associated with real sadhus nor properly understood the Vaisnava conclusion. Their words therefore strike the ears of  Vaisnavas like thunderbolts.{Sajjana-tosanl 6/2)


63.Is illicit association with women approved by Sriman Mahaprabhu or Vaisnava religious principles?


The temples of Navadvlpa-mandala became polluted by persons like Govinda dasa Babajl. Fearing such faults, our beloved Lord Sri Gaurangadeva rejected Junior  Haridasa from the Vaisnava society. Even after seeing His action, do the hypocrites not become afraid? (Sri Visnupriya magazine Vol. 1)


64.What was the condition of Gaura-mandala during the time of Sri Bhaktivinoda?


Conclusions against Vaisnava philosophy have spread everywhere. Some people promote Mayavada philosophy as Vaisnava philosophy. Some people mix impersonalism  and secularism with a portion of pure religious principles and present a perverted Vaisnava religion. Those who are sober Vaisnavas remain as  kanistha-adhikdrls as defined in the Srimad-Bhagavatam, beginning with the words arcayam eva haraye. There is a definite absence of intelligent pure  Vaisnavas. The same condition that a living entity is put in if he does not have a teacher is being faced by Gaura-mandala. {Sajjana-tosanl 6/2)


65.How was the Vaisnava religion accepted during the time of Sri Bhaktivinoda Thakura?


The age of Kali is so formidable that it does not allow pious activities to go on for long. When the three dcdryas (Sri Srinivasa Acarya, Sri Syamananda  Prabhu, and Sri Narottama dasa Thakura) and their followers (such as Sri Govinda dasa) disappeared from this world, immediately the supreme religious  principles began to vanish again. Gradually pure devotional service began to disappear from the land of Gauda. The descendants of the acarya families began  to act like authorized preachers of various religions, no matter whether they were Vaisnavas, saktas, or karma-kdndls. As a result, the pure Vaisnava  religion inaugurated by Sri Gauraiiga, Sri Nityananda, and Sri Advaita gradually disappeared from sight. On one side, the revolution of the dcdryas was going  on, and on the other, disturbances created by baulas, sahajiyds, and others gradually increased. That is why a pathetic condition of Vaisnava religion is  found even today.{Sajjana-tosanl 6/2)


66.After the disappearance of Sriman Mahaprabhu what revolution took place in the world of the Vaisnavas?


After the disappearance of Sriman Mahaprabhu, there was some commotion within the Vaisnava society. Since there was no qualified candidate in the line of  Mahaprabhu at that time and since various ideologies entered the philosophy of Vaisnavism, the land of Gaudadesa became bereft of the administration of an  acdrya. Due to His independent nature, Sri Vlracandra Prabhu could not bring all of Gauda-mandala-bhumi under His control. At the same time, there was great  confusion among the sons of Sri Advaita Prabhu. Gradually the associates and devotees of Mahaprabhu began to disappear. Taking this opportunity, many  preachers of unauthorized sects, such as bdula, sahajiyd, daravesa, and sani, began to spread their ideologies at different places. Taking advantage of the  faith that the people had in the names of Sri Caitanya and Nityananda, these preachers of unauthorized cults began to spread their evil teachings to the  unfortunate living entities.


Sri Jlva GosvamI was the only and undisputed Vaisnava acdrya at that time. Although he was a resident of Vraja, on hearing the pathetic condition of  Gauda-mandala, he became extremely distressed and immediately sent Sri Srinivasa Acarya, Sri Narottama dasa Thakura, and Sri Syamananda Prabhu to Bengal as  dcdryas to teach religious principles. He also arranged to send many conclusive writings of the Lord's associates. By the will of Mahaprabhu, all these books  were stolen on the way. Having no books with them, they began to preach the pure principles of Vaisnava religion on the strength of their own bhajana. (Sajjana-tosani 6/2)


67. Which persons tried to eliminate pure devotional service after the disappearance of Sriman Mahaprabhu?


After the disappearance of the transcendental pastimes of Sri Gaurarigadeva, various unauthorized sampraddyas such as bdula, karttdbhajd, and sahajiyd as  well as the smdrta-brdhmanas and impersonalists tried their best to pollute the Vaisnava religion on the pretext of supporting it. Even today there is no  lack of such people. Gradually the number of these classes of people is increasing. It is extremely unreasonable and nondevotional to say that Haridasa  Thakura was a mercy brdhmana, that Sri Isvara Puri belonged to a brdhmana or sudra family, and that nobody except a brdhmana is qualified to teach the  philosophy of Vaisnavism. These activities have not enhanced devotional service. Therefore these activities are not respected by the devotees.  (Sajjana-tosani 11/10)


68.What is the duty of a devotee during a crisis, especially when an incarnation of the Lord disappears from the world?


A practitioner is prone to falldown when various deceptions surface after the disappearance of an incarnation of the Lord. It is a limb of devotional service  for a practitioner to remain careful of these deceptions.(Bhajandmrtam commentary)


69.Who is the servant of Kali?


One can worship Krsna with the Gaura mantra and Gaura with the Krsna mantra. They are all one. Anyone who differentiates between Them is extremely ignorant  and a servant of Kali.(Jaiva Dharma Chapter 14)


70.Why do many people call pseudo-Vaisnavism pure Vaisnavism?


Due to the influence of Kali many people, not understanding the principle of pure Vaisnavism, call pseudo-Vaisnavism pure Vaisnavism.

(Jaiva Dharma Chapter 4)


71.Is there any approval of associating with women in the religion of Mahaprabhu?


All living entities are female by nature; still junior Haridasa was rejected by the Lord for his offense of conversing with a woman. Distorting the real  meaning of the above phrase that "all living entities are female," cunning people create various methods for gratifying their senses. Saintly persons and  Vaisnavas should ignore them. A householder associating with his wife is not a limb of devotional service. Such association is accepted only for the sake of  maintaining family life. {Sajjana-tosani 5/6)