Click here to load whole tree
NITAAI-Veda.nyf > All Scriptures By Acharyas > Bhaktivinoda Thakura > Bhaktivinoda Vani Vaibhava > Bhaktivinoda Vani Vaibhava Part 1 > Mahajanas




1.Why are the books written by the mahajanas honorable?


The pure devotees know that the books written by the mahajanas are beehives. The newer the beehives, the more the rasas are awakened.

(Sajjana-tosani 10/5)


2.Did the mahajanas compose books using imagination born of mental speculation?


vakyanam jada-janyatvan na sakta me sarasvati varnane vimalananda vilasasya cid-atmanah 


"To describe the pure ecstatic pastimes of the living entities is beyond my power of speech, because the words I would use in such descriptions are products of the material world."


tathapi sarajuta vrtya samadhim avalambya vai varnita bhagavad varta maya bodhya samadhina


"Although I am unable to clearly describe the Lord by words, samddhi, and the process of sdrajut, I have described the topics of the Lord to the best of my ability."


If one simply takes the insignificant literal meanings of the words, one will not properly realize the described subject. I therefore request the reader to try to realize the truth through samddhi. One should try to understand subtle points from gross statements, as in Arundhatl-nydya [when one points out a faint star with the help of a bright star]. The process of argument is useless, because it cannot lead one to the Absolute Truth. The subtle process of directly perceiving the soul is called samddhi. I have given these descriptions based on this process. The reader should also follow this process to realize the truth.(Sri Krsna-sarhhitd 1/32-33)


3.Why are the nectarean instructions of Sri Caitanya, the essence of all scriptures?


By careful analysis, one will find that the nectarean instructions of Sri Caitanya are the essence of all scriptures. The essence of the unfathomable truth that has been discovered in the Rg, Sdma, Yajur, and Atharva Vedas and in the Vedanta-sutra is available in the nectarean teachings of Sri Caitanya. The beneficial instructions that are found in the eighteen Purdnas, twenty dharma-sdstras, Rdmdyana, Mahabharata, sad-darsana, and tantra-sdstras are truly found in the nectarean teachings of Sri Caitanya. Anything essential that is found in the religious teachings in foreign countries and in the religious teachings in our own country is available in Sri Caitanya-siksdmrta. Whatever is not found in Indian or foreign literature is found in this most relishable book. (Sri Caitanya-siksdmrta introduction)


4.By whose inspiration did Sri Bhaktivinoda Thakura compile the book Sri Bhdgavatdrka-marici-mala?


I offer my respectful obeisances unto Svarupa Damodara, who was an associate of Gaurahga. By his mercy I am compiling this book.

(Mahgaldcarana of Sri Bhdgavatdrka-marici-mald)


5.What was Sri Mahaprabhu's order regarding the compilation of Sri Bhdgavatarka-marici-mala?


When I was preparing to write this book, Svarupa Damodara appeared in my heart and told me, "By the order of Mahaprabhu, arrange Srimad-Bhdgavatam slokas in gradual sequence to show sambandha, abhidheya, and prayojana. By the mercy of the Lord, the Vaisnavas will daily read this book, which consists of verses from Srimad-Bhdgavatam." Thereafter, Svarupa Damodara explained to me the purport of the verse beginning janmddy asya. He also disclosed the process for explaining the meaning in terms of Gaudiya philosophy. By his inspiration, this fallen servant, Bhaktivinoda, wrote this book. Without duplicity I fall down at the feet of both the speakers and the listeners and beg their mercy.

(Sri Bhdgavatdrka-marici-mald conclusion)


6.What is the result of relishing Sri Bhdgavatdrka-marici-mala?


In conclusion, with great humility the compiler says: "The garland of verses from Srimad-Bhdgavatam sewn by Bhaktivinoda Thakura, who is always absorbed in ecstatic love for Sri Gaura and Gadadhara, is now complete. Those devotees who blissfully relish this book daily will certainly obtain the mercy of Sri Radha-Madhava. Sri Radha-Madhava have appeared in Sri Navadvipa in Gauda-mandala along with Their abode Vraja, as Sri Gadadhara-Gauranga, and They have performed Their eternal pastimes in a different manner.


"O mind, your duration of life is short and whatever time is left is full of obstacles. Therefore O brother, keep on drinking the nectar of Srimad-Bhdgavatam with special care." (Sri Bhdgavatdrka-marici-mdld Verses 1-3 conclusion)


7.How did the book Sri Krsna-samhita appear?


sri krsna-tattva-nirdese krpa yasya prayojanam

vande tam jnanadam krsnam caitanyam rasa-vigraham


"I offer my respectful obeisances unto Sri Krsna Caitanya, who is full of transcendental mellows and the giver of spiritual knowledge. Without His mercy, no one can understand the truth of Krsna."


samudra-sosanam renor yatha na ghatate kvacit

tatha me tattva-nirdeso mudhasya ksudra-cetasah


"Just as a particle of dust cannot absorb the ocean, foolish people like me have extreme difficulty in understanding the truth."


kintu me hrdaye ko 'pi purusah syamasundarah

sphuran samadisat karyam etat tattva-nirupanam


"Although a living entity can never understand the truth with his small intelligence, a blackish Personality with a form of pure consciousness has appeared in my heart and engaged me in the work of establishing the truth. For this reason I have boldly taken up this work."

(Sri Krsna-sarhhitd 1/1-3)


8. Is there a commentary on Bhagavad-gitd based on the

conclusion of acintya-bheddbheda philosophy?


Unfortunately, the commentaries and Bengali translations of Srimad Bhagavad-gitd that have been published to date are mostly composed by monists. Commentaries or translations based on pure devotional service are rarely published. The commentaries of Sahkaracarya and Anandagiri are full of monistic conclusions. Sridhara Svaml's commentary is not based on the philosophy of monism, but it has a scent of the sectarian philosophy of suddhddvaita-vada. Sri Madhusudana Sarasvati's commentary is full of statements nourishing devotional service, but the conclusion is not beneficial. Sri Ramanuja Svaml's commentary is fully based on devotional service, but unless a commentary on Bhagavad-gitd that is full of the teachings of Sri Gaurahga Mahaprabhu's acintya-bheddbheda philosophy is published in our country, the happiness of those who relish pure devotional service does not increase.


We have therefore carefully published the Bhagavad-gitd with the Bengali translation called Rasika-rahjana according to the commentary written by Sri Visvanatha CakravartI Thakura. He was a follower of Sri Gauranga, a great teacher, and the crest jewel among all devotees. Sri Baladeva Vidyabhusana also wrote a commentary on Bhagavad-gitd based on the teachings of Sriman Mahaprabhu. Although Baladeva's commentary is philosophical, CakravartI Mahasaya's commentary is not only philosophical, but also full of the mellows of love of God. Particularly, CakravartI Mahasaya's commentary on Srimad-Bhdgavatam is particularly well known and respected. CakravartI Mahasaya's philosophy is simple and.his Sanskrit language is sublime.

(Bhagavad-gitd translation)


9. What is the purpose of and inspiration behind composing the Vidvad-ranjana commentary on Srimad Bhagavad-gita?


Sri Baladeva Vidyabhusana wrote a commentary on Bhagavad-glta and removed the cloud of Mayavada, which covered the moonlike nectarean truth of Bhagavad-glta. By the mercy of the Panca-tattva, he wrote his commentary and made everyone happy. According to his commentary, I, the most insignificant Bhaktivinoda, wrote a nectarean commentary on Bhagavad-glta. After offering my respectful obeisances at the feet of the pure devotees, I wrote and named this commentary Vidvad-rahjana. Sri Advaita Prabhu is an authority on Bhagavad-glta, so I offer my respectful obeisances unto Him. May He place His lotus feet on the head of this servant and fulfill my desire by empowering me. Out of compassion for the living entities of the world, Sri Advaita Prabhu brought Gaura Hari here and taught everyone the essence of Bhagavad-glta. There is no doubt that if I receive Sri Advaita Prabhu's mercy, I will cross beyond the ocean of spiritual truth. O Sri Gaura! O Nityananda! O Advaita, the abode of love of God! O Laksmi! O Visnupriya! O Gadhadara! O Jahnava! O Vamsivadanananda! O Rupa! O Sanatana! O Svarupa! O Ramananda! O Srivasa! O Sridhara! I am most poor and fallen; therefore, by your mercy alone this foolish person can achieve perfection. Please destroy all obstacles, reveal all truths to me, and give me the strength to write this commentary.

{Mangalacarana of Vidvad-ranjana-bhasya)


10. What is the purpose of and introduction to the Prakasini commentary on Brahma-samhita?


After carefully collecting many jewels of conclusions, Brahma offered prayers to Lord Krsna. Those conclusive prayers were included in the fifth chapter of the book Sri Brahma-sarhhita for the benefit of human beings. While traveling throughout South India, Sri Gaurariga, the ocean of mercy and the only friend of the living entities in this age of Kali, discovered the treasure Brahma-sarhhita to deliver the people of Gauda-desa. After considering various scriptures, Sri Jiva GosvamI Prabhu wrote a commentary on this book. Out of compassion, he presented it to the devotees of Bengal. My spiritual master, Sri Bipin Bihari, ordered me to write according to Sri Jiva Gosvami's commentary and to add more. Thus, this poor servant wrote a commentary with great pleasure. If the devotees study this commentary with pure intelligence, carefully considering the difference between matter and spirit, then this servant will be satisfied, his desire will be fulfilled, and pure devotional service will be propagated.


0 Rupa! O Jiva and Sanatana! You are the life and the wealth of the devotees and your mercy is as great as the ocean.Please give me strength so that I can understand the confidential purport of Sri Jiva Gosvami's commentary for I am the most foolish person. The words of Sri Jiva are as beautiful as the buds; I have simply tried to help them blossom.Offering my respectful obeisances to my spiritual master and to Krsna, I wrote this commentary for the pleasure of the

pure devotees.{Mahgaldcarana of Brahma-sarhhita Prakasini)


11.What is the aim and who is the author of the Prakasini commentary?


jivabhayaprada vrttir jlvasaya prakasini

krta bhaktivinodena surabhi kuhjavasina


"This prakdsini commentary presented by Sri Bhaktivinoda, who lives at Surabhi-kunja, is meant to award fearlessness and the goal of life to the living entities."


12.What is the purpose of writing Amrta-pravdha-bhasya on Caitanya-caritamrta?


I offer my humble obeisances unto the lotus feet of Sri Caitanya, Sri Nityananda, Sri Advaita (the storekeeper of love of God), Haridasa, Svarupa Gosai, Sri Varhslvadanananda, Sarvabhauma Bhattacarya, Ramananda Raya, Sri Rupa, Sri Sanatana, Sri Jlva, Gopala Bhatta, Raghunatha dasa, Raghunatha Bhatta, Sivananda, Kavi-karnapura, Narottama, Srlnivasa, Ramacandra, Krsnadasa, Baladeva Vidyabhusana and Visvanatha Cakravarti. By the mercy of these great devotees of the Lord, I wrote an elaborate commentary called Amrta-pravdha-bhdsya on Sri Caitanya-caritdmrta for the devotees to study. The descriptions of Sri Gaura are just like the ocean of nectar. Out of compassion, Krsnadasa Kaviraja, who is floating in the nectar, has delivered that flow of nectar. The Vaisnavas want to sooth their lives by drinking the nectarean descriptions in his book. The devotees ordered me, who has nothing to give materially, to write a commentary on Sri Caitanya-caritdmrta. Taking the orders of the devotees on my head, I carefully composed this commentary and offered it to the devotees for their pleasure. (Mahgaldcarana of Amrta-pravdha-bhdsya)


13.By whose mercy did Sri Bhaktivinoda Thakura compose the book Tattva-viveka?


jayati saccidananda rasanubhava vigrah

procyate saccidananda nubhutir yat prasadatah


"May Sri Krsna Caitanya become glorious. He is the personification of sac-cid-dnanda-rasa, and by His mercy, this book called Sac-cid-dnanddnubhuti has been composed."(Tattva-viveka 1/1)


14.What is the Mahgaldcarana of the book Tattva-sutra"!


pranamya krsna caitanyam bharadvaja sanatanam

tattva sutram sa vyakhyanam bhasayam vivrtam maya


The author of Tattva-sutra, Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura said, "I offer my humble obeisances to the Primeval Lord, Sri Krsna Caitanya, by whose mercy I am writing a Bengali commentary on the book Tattva-sutra." (Mahgaldcarana of Tattva-sutra)


15.What is the introduction of the book Vyasasutradhikaranamala ?


nityam cinma kunja vrndasubhage vrndavane sangatam radha krsna iti


dvayam rasamayam brahmaviraste param tadbhavapti makaranda pana


tarala ca iti ali asti aham kedarabhidha utsukah prabhuvaram yache nibadhanjalih


"With folded hands and intense eagerness, I, Sri Kedarnatha Dutta, pray at the lotus feet of Sri Radha Krsna, who enjoy eternal transcendental pastimes within the divine groves of Vrndavana, and who are the Supreme Absolute Truth, to allow me to drink the nectar emanating from Their lotus feet."

(Vydsasutrddhikaranamdla introduction)


16.Who wrote the commentary Beddrkadidhiti, and where was it written?


vedarkadidhitir ayam bhajana pradipah gauranga bhaktaprada bhaktivinodena sri godruma dvijapatescarana prasadat prajvalitah surabhi kunjavanantardle

"By the mercy of the Lord of Godruma and the brdhmanas, I, Sri Bhaktivinoda Thakura, sitting in a forest called Surabhi-kunja, write a commentary called Veddrkadidhiti for the pleasure of the devotees of Lord Gauraiiga." ( Veddrkadidhiti)


17.What is the Mangalacarana of the book Amnayasutra?


After offering obeisances to Sri Krsna Caitanyacandra, the original dcdrya in the world, a person named Bhaktivinoda composed one hundred and thirty sutras, by the mercy of the Vaisnavas. Following the eight kinds of pramdnas (evidences) and six kinds of signs required to understand the Vedic statement and accepting the direct meaning of Vedic statements, he has composed these sutras, on the order of the great Vaisnavas. May all the Vaisnavas who have taken shelter of the lotus feet of Sri Caitanya read this book.

{Mangalacarana of Amnaya-sutra)


18.Which mahdjana composed the book Amnaya-sutra and when was it composed?


caitanyam devasya catuh satabde netradhike bhaktivinodakena

amnayamala prabhu bhakta kanthe gaude pradatta harijannaghasre


"Four hundred and two years after the appearance of Lord Sri Caitanyadeva, Sri Bhaktivinoda Thakura composed this garland of amnaya-sutra and offered it to the devotees of the Lord." {Amnaya-sutra conclusion)


19.Sri Caitanyopanisad-bhasya is a commentary on Sri Caitanya-carandmrtam. What is the Mangalacarana of this commentary?


pancatattvamrtam natva caitanya rasa vigraha

caitanyopanisad bhasyam karomi atma visuddhye


"After offering my obeisances to the most blissful Personality, Sri Caitanya, who is nondifferent from the Panca-tattva, T write this commentary on Sri Caitanya Upanisad for my own purification." {Mangalacarana of Caitanya-carandmrtam commentary)


20.Who has been glorified in the Mangalacarana verse of the book Sri Caitanya-siksdmrta?


Sri Krsna Caitanya is the giver of devotional service to Krsna, in which all erroneous, incomplete, and contradictory conclusions are merged. After offering my respectful obeisances unto Him, I prepare to write the book Sri Caitanya-siksdmrta.

{Mangalacarana of Sri Caitanya-siksdmrta 111)


21.Is the sweetness of the writing of the mahajanas extraordinary?


No writing is sweeter than the writing of the mahdjanas. Oh! Which book is more instructive on rasa than Bhakti-rasdmrta-sindhul All glories to Sri Rupa Gosvaml! All glories to Sri Sanatana Gosvaml! We do not find any composition sweeter than theirs. O readers, every day please relish the essence of Sri Brahma-samhitd, Sri Krsna-karnamrta, and Sri Bhdgavatdmrta.

{Sajjana-tosani 10/5)


22.Why is Sri Mahabharata widely respected by the Aryans? What is the special feature of Baladeva Vidyabhusana's commentary on Visnu-sahasra-nama?


If the sages put all Vedic literature in one side of the weighing scale and Sri Mahabharata on the other side, the Mahabharata will be heavier. We can therefore understand that the Aryans find no book as worshipable as the Mahabharata. Two precious jewels are within the Mahabharata. One of them is Srimad Bhagavad-gitd and the other is Sri Visnu-sahasranama. If the acaryas of the authorized sampradayas cannot support their doctrine from these two books, they cannot establish their sampradaya as authentic. Therefore acaryas such as Sri Sahkaracarya have written commentaries on the Vedas, Vedanta-sutra, Gita, and Sahasranama and thus propagated them. In the line instructed by Sriman Mahaprabhu, Sri Baladeva Vidyabhusana Prabhu is the vedantacarya. Therefore I am publishing his commentary on Visnu-sahasranama.

(An article written in 400 Caitanya Era about Sri Visnu-sahasranama)


23. Is Srimat Cakravarti's verse on the teachings of Sri Caitanya about bhajana or truth?


Srimat CakravartI Thakura has revealed Sriman Mahaprabhu's teachings regarding bhajana in his own sloka. But he has not included all the Lord's teachings regarding the Absolute Truth in that sloka. He did not mention various subject matters such as the living entities, the material world, the energies of the Lord, and regulative devotional service. Regarding truth, this sloka is incomplete.


If ofte wants to enumerate the complete teachings of the Lord, one must follow the description given in the six Sandarbhas. The nine separate truths are Krsna, the energy of Krsna, the pastimes of Krsna, the science of the Absolute Truth, the two kinds of living entities (eternally conditioned and eternally liberated), the illusory external energy, the process of sadhana and the ultimate goal of life. These nine truths are prameya, knowledge of an object. The perfect Vedic literature, Srimad-Bhagavatam, and the revealed scriptures are the pramana, evidence. An idea that is without these ten conclusions cannot be accepted by the Vaisnavas as complete.(Sajjana-tosani 4/3)


24. When was the book Jaiva Dharma composed and who is qualified to study it?


On the strength of the mercy of guru, Krsna, and the Vaisnavas, the poor Bhaktivinoda carefully wrote the book Jaiva Dharma in Bengali. This book was completed on the full-moon day in the month of Magha (Jan-Feb) in 410 Caitanya Era at Surabhi-kuhja, Godrurha, Navadvlpa, near the Ganges. Anyone who desires to attain the lotus feet of Gaurahga, the deliverer of Kali-yuga, should faithfully read this book. Anyone who does not have a tinge of faith in the feet of Gaurahga must not read this book. Those who search after liberation by cultivation of dry knowledge can never achieve Krsna. But the Vraja pastimes of Krsna certainly manifest in the hearts of faithful persons.(Jaiva Dharma Chapter 24)