Click here to load whole tree
NITAAI-Veda.nyf > All Scriptures By Acharyas > Bhaktivinoda Thakura > Bhaktivinoda Vani Vaibhava > Bhaktivinoda Vani Vaibhava Part 1 > Living Entities


Living Entities


1. What is the history of the living entities falling from their constitutional position into the material world and their attaining their eternal service?

The living entity is like a minute spiritual spark. As soon as he forgets Krsna, he is attracted by the illusory energy of the Lord and is thrown into the material world. As soon as he falls down, Durga gives him a gross body made of five gross elements, their five attributes, and eleven senses, and then puts him into the wheel of karma. He is just like a prisoner and experiences happiness and distress, heaven and hell. Durga also gives him a subtle body made of mind, intelligence, and false ego within the gross body. By means of the subtle body, the living entity forsakes one gross body and takes on another. The living entity cannot get rid of the subtle body, full of nescience and evil desires, unless and until he is liberated. On getting rid of the subtle body, he bathes in the Viraja and goes up to the abode of Hari. Such are the duties performed by Durga in accordance with the will of Govinda.

{Brahma-samhitd 5/44)


2.What are the different stages of consciousness of the living entities?


The conditioned souls are situated in five different stages of consciousness: covered consciousness, diminished consciousness, budding consciousness, blossomed consciousness, and fully blossomed consciousness.(Jaiva Dharma Chapter 16)


3.What are the constitutional and conditional states of the living entities?


The living entity has two states of existence. In the pure state, he is fully spiritual and untouched by matter. Because he is a minute part and parcel, there is the possibility of his changing his position. By nature, Krsna, the supreme consciousness, never changes His position. He is truly great, complete, pure, and eternal. The living entity is a tiny part and parcel of Krsna, and is able to become impure and unwise. But constitutionally the living entity is great, complete, pure, and eternal. As long as the living entity is pure, he is in his constitutional position. Only when the living entity becomes contaminated due to his contact with maya does he fall from his original constitutional position. Then he becomes impure, shelterless, and afflicted by happiness and distress. As soon as the living entity forgets his position as an eternal servant of Krsna, he falls into material existence.


As long as the living entity remains pure, he is proud of his constitutional position. He proudly considers himself a servant of Krsna. As soon as he becomes contaminated due to contact with maya, his pride as a servant of Krsna becomes diminished and his pride takes different forms. The pure state of the living entity becomes covered with gross and subtle bodies when he is in contact with maya.Cultivation of pure love of God is the constitutional duty of the living entity. This love pervertedly appears in the subtle body in the form of happiness, distress, attachment, and detachment. When it is further condensed, this perverted form of pure love appears in the gross body in the form of eating, drinking, and enjoying sex pleasure. You can therefore understand that the eternal constitutional duties of a living entity are manifest only when he is situated in the pure state. The characteristics that appear in the conditional state of a living entity are temporary. Constitutional duties are eternal, complete, and pure.{Jaiva Dharma Chapter 2/14-15)


4.What is the meaning of eternally forgetful?


Service to Krsna is the eternal constitutional duty of the living entity. Forgetting his position, the living entity becomes controlled by maya and forgets Krsna. Because he is forgetful of Krsna ever since he came to the material world, there is no history of the living entity's fallen condition within material time. Therefore, the words "eternally forgetful" have been used. From the time of the living entity's forgetfulness of the Lord and entrance into the material world, his constitutional duty has become perverted.

{Jaiva Dharma Chapter 1/11-12)


5.Which souls have covered consciousness?


Trees, grass, and stones have covered consciousness. The symptoms of consciousness are almost nonexistent in them. {Jaiva Dharma Chapter 16)


6.Which living entities have diminished consciousness?


Animals, birds, insects, reptiles, and aquatics like fish have diminished consciousness.

{Jaiva Dharma Chapter 16)


7.What are the stages of consciousness for the conditioned souls?


The consciousness of the embodied conditioned souls can be divided into three: seedling consciousness, blossomed conscious and fully blossomed consciousness.

{Jaiva Dharma Chapter 16)


8.Who has seedling consciousness? Who has blossomed consciousness? In addition, who has fully blossomed consciousness?


People without morality and atheists possessing morality have seedling consciousness. Theists who possess morality and practitioners of devotional service have blossomed consciousness. Devotees who have attained the stage of bhdva have fully blossomed consciousness.

{Jaiva Dharma Chapter 16)


9.How are living entities entangled in the three modesof material nature?


Living entities who reside in the upper planetary systems and who are in the mode of goodness are called demigods. Their feet are bound by the rope of goodness or gold. Living entities that are in the mode of passion have a nature like both the demigods and human beings. Their feet are bound by the rope of passion or silver. Living entities who are intoxicated by material pleasure are in the mode of ignorance. Their feet are bound by the rope of ignorance or iron.{Jaiva Dharma Chapter 16)


10.Do living entities go through birth and death in their spiritual existence?


Birth is an act in the mode of passion, and death is an act in the mode of ignorance. The eternally existing spiritual essence, suddha-sattva, has never been touched by birth nor by death.{Sri Hari-nama-cintamani Chapter 1)


11.Does a spirit soul suffer in his conditional stage?


The material body is a prison for the living entity. The spirit soul is never a limited object, but due to accepting a material body, he suffers distress and inertia.

{Tattva-sutra 23)


12.In what category are demigods like Lord Brahma and Lord Siva?


Lord Siva and Lord Brahma did not take birth from the womb. They are not counted among the living entities who possess fifty qualities in minute quantity, but Lord Brahma and Lord Siva are separated parts of the Supreme Lord. Since they possess not only the fifty qualities in a greater quantity but also five other qualities, they are known as the principal demigods. Ganesa and Surya, the sun-god, are also principal demigods and they are worshiped on the same level as Lord Brahma. The other demigods are considered ordinary living entities. All the demigods are separated parts of Krsna. Their wives are also separated parts of the spiritual potency. Before the advent of Krsna, Lord Brahma ordered the demigoddesses to take birth in this world for Krsna's pleasure.

{Jaiva Dharma Chapter 32)


13.What are the activities of Lord Siva?


Srimad-Bhdgavatam verses such as vaisnavdndm yatha sambhuh glorify Sambhu as a Vaisnava. The purport of such statements is that Sambhu unites with Durga-devI according to his own time potency and the will of Govinda. Thus, he accomplishes his tasks. In many scriptures headed by the tantras, he teaches religious duties that are a ladder for the jivas of various qualifications to come to bhakti, devotion. By Govinda's sweet will, Sambhu (indirectly) protects and sustains suddha-bhakti or pure devotion by preaching the doctrine of Mdydvdda (illusionism) and intellectual or imaginary fabrications of the scriptures.


The fifty qualities of the /Zra are present within Sambhu in copious proportion, and five more great qualities unattainable by the ordinary jlva are also found in him in partial proportion. So Sambhu cannot be categorized as a jlva; he is the lord of jlvas (isvara) although he partakes of the nature of a separated part (vibhinnamsa) of the Supreme Lord. (Sri Brahma-sarhhita 5/45)


14.Is Lord Siva a separate truth from Krsna? What is the difference between Sadasiva and Rudra?


Sambhu is not another God separate from Krsna. Those who hold such a biased view are blasphemers of the Supreme Lord. Sambhu's control is subject to the control of Govinda, and so they are not really different from each other. Their nondifference is illustrated by the example of milk transformed into yoghurt by the addition of an agent; similarly, the Lord becomes transformed into another form. That form is dependent.Tamoguna or the material quality of inertia, the quality of minuteness of the marginal potency, and a minute degree of a mixture of divine cognizance (sarhvii) and ecstasy (hlddinl)— all these elements combined constitute a particular transformation. The plenary portion of the Supreme Lord that is amalga-mated with this transformation constitutes the halo of the divinity of Sadasiva, the masculine generative organ of Lord Sambhu, and from Sambhu, Rudradeva is manifest.(Sri Brahma-sarhhita 5/45)


15.Why do Lord Brahma and Lord Sambhu have delegated functions?


The progenitor (Brahma) and Sambhu are the dislocated portion's of Maha-Visnu. Hence they are gods with delegated functions.

(Sri Brahma-sarhhita 5/15)


16.What is the meaning of the Siva Lihgam?


Efficiency is maya or the productive feminine organ. The material principle is Sambhu or the procreative masculine organ.

(Sri Brahma-sarhhita 5/8)


17.Who are Rudra (Bhava or Bhairava) and Rudrani (Bhavani or Bhairavi)?


Sambhu, the symbol of masculine mundane procreation, is the dim halo of this reflected effulgence. It is this symbol, which is applied to the organ of generation of Maya, the shadow of Rama or the divine potency. The first phase of the appearance of the mundane desire created by Maha-Visnu is called the seminal principle oimahat or the perverted cognitive faculty.(Sri Brahma-sarhhita 5/8)


18.Why do Lord Brahma and Lord Rudra enjoy pastimes with the inferior energies of the Lord?


The dislocated portions of the Supreme Lord, Prajapati and Sambhu, both identifying themselves as entities who are separate from the divine essence. They sport with their respective nonspiritual (acit) consorts, Savitri-devi and Uma-devi, the perverted reflections of the spiritual (at) potency.

(Sri Brahma-sarhhita 5/17)


19.Who is Sambhu? What is the purport behind the combination of Lord Siva and Goddess Durga?


The original unadulterated entity is the Supreme Personality of Godhead, the All-Truth, free from any concept of separate egoism. The separate masculine organic egoism— that is, the separate symbolic existence that appears in the mundane world—is only an illusory reflection of that pure existence, and represented by the original Sambhu. That existence unites with the distorted representation of RamadevI,the mayik or mundane female womb receptacle principle. At that point, Sambhu is represented as the efficient cause only in terms of elementary matter. Again, when in the course of evolution all the universes are manifest, the evolved conception of Rudra also appears within the entity of Sambhu who is, as previously explained, born from the brow of Maha-Visnu. However, the entity of Sambhu is constitutionally egoistic in all circumstances.


When the innumerable jlvas—who are sparks of cit or transcendental consciousness emanating from the tit-rays of the Paramatma—identify themselves in the (pure) ego of exclusive servitors of the Supreme Lord, their relationship with the mayik world no longer endures; they become members of Vaikuntha. When they forget that ego and want to become enjoyers of maya, the egoistic principle of Sambhu enters their existence and gives them the frame of reference of being separate enjoyers. Thus, Sambhu is the basic truth underlying the egoistic world and the mundane bodily ego of the jivas.

(Sri Brahma-samhita 5/16)


20.What is the description of Lord Brahma and Lord Rudra?


Brahma is the dislocated portion of the Divinity, manifested in the principle of mundane action, endowed with the functional nature of His subjective portion; and Sambhu is the dislocated portion of the Divinity manifested in the principle of mundane inertia possessing similarly the functional nature of His subjective portion. (Sri Brahma-samhita 5/46)


21.Is Brahma or Sambhu the Supreme Lord?


By principle Brahma is superior to ordinary jivas but is not the direct Divinity. The divine nature is present in a greater measure in Sambhu than in Brahma.

(Sri Brahma-samhita 5/49)


22. What is the description of Ganesa?

The self-same Ganesa is a god in possession of delegated power by infusion of the divine power. All his glory rests entirely on the grace of Govinda.

(Sri Brahma-samhita 5/50)


23.Is Surya, the sun-god, the supreme controller?


The sun is after all, the presiding deity of a sphere of the sum total of all mundane heat, and hence, a demigod exercising delegated authority. The sun performs his specific function of service certainly by the command of Govinda. (Sri Brahma-samhita 5/52)


24.What are the special characteristics of Lord Visnu that distinguish Him from other delegated demigods such as Lord Siva?


Although the Supreme Lord's separated parts and parcels, the jivas, belong to the category of suddha-sattva (pure goodness), because of their contact with nescience or material nature, they have come under the sway of the material modes of passion and ignorance, and are now in the misra-sattva (mixed) category. Even demigods like Lord Siva, though far superior in many ways to the ordinary jivas, are nevertheless captivated by the material glare due to false identification, and so they fall in the category of misra-sattva. The Supreme Lord is always in pure goodness. He descends to the material world by His inconceivable spiritual potency and is always the controller of the material nature, maya, who is ever ready to act as His maidservant. (Sri Hari-nama-cintamani Chapter 1)


25.How are the living entities superior to materialnature?


Living entities are spiritual sparks, and therefore, spiritual qualities are present in them. Spiritual sparks possess free will, because they cannot be separated from spiritual qualities.Free will is certainly present in the living entities according to the proportion of their constitutional size. Because of possessing free will, the living entities are superior to material nature.{Jaiva Dharma Chapter 16)


26.If free will is a disadvantage, why did the Supreme Lord give free will to the living entities?


Free will is like a special jewel. If the living entities were not given free will, they would be very lowly and insignificant like matter.

{Jaiva Dharma Chapter 16)


27.Is the Supreme Lord responsible for the living entities misuse of free will?


It cannot be said that God gives the distress the living entities suffer due to misuse of free will. The Supreme Lord is not to be blamed in anyway. He is not responsible for the distress the living entities suffer due to their transgressing rules and regulations. If the Supreme Creator forced the living entities to accept anarthas, He would be at fault for discrimination. However, if the living entities had used their free will to strengthen their spiritual attachment, they would have increased their own glories. If they did not have free will, they would not have an opportunity to increase their own glories. We should know that by giving such wonderful free will to the living entities, the Supreme Lord has displayed His mercy upon them and degradation caused by misuse of free will is meant to rectify and deliver the living entities.{Tattva-sutra 20)


28.What is the meaning of marginal nature?


Sometimes a riverbank is washed away by the force of the water and becomes part of the river, and again, when soil accumulates at the riverside, it becomes the riverbank. If he looks to Krsna, the living entity comes under the shelter of Krsna's spiritual potency. If he looks to maya, he becomes opposed to Krsna and is entangled in maya's trap. This nature of the living entity is called the marginal nature. {Jaiva Dharma Chapter 15)


29.Can a living entity and the Supreme Lord ever be equal?


The Supreme Lord has created the material world through His external energy, maya. In the material world, a separate truth from the Supreme Lord, called the living entities, have been conditioned by maya. Maya is the energy of the Supreme Lord, and the Supreme Lord is the master of maya. The living entities are always different from the Supreme Lord.{Manah-siksa Verse 6)


30.How many types of parts does the Supreme Lord have?


The Supreme Lord has two parts: His own expansions and His separate parts. The quadruple plenary portions are His own expansions, and the living entities are His separate parts. We can compare the differences between them. The plenary portions are nondifferent from Krsna; they are always omnipotent, their will is dependent on the will of Krsna, and they have no independence. The separate parts are eternally separate from Krsna; they are less potent because of their finite nature, and their desire is completely different from Krsna's desire.

{Manah-siksa Verse 6)


33. Are the living entities eternal or temporary?


The living entities can be eternal and they can also be temporary. The source of the living entities is the energy of the Supreme Lord and this energy is eternal, beginningless, and unlimited. Therefore, the living entities are eternal.The living entities, who come from the eternal unlimited energy are eternal, but the will of the Supreme Lord is most powerful. If the Supreme Lord wishes to destroy the living entities, He can certainly destroy them. For this reason, the living entities can also be temporary.


34.Can the living entity become the Supreme Brahman?


Although the living entities are called Brahman, they cannot become the Supreme Brahman, because the Supreme Brahman is complete and unchangeable. The living entities emanate from the marginal potency of the Supreme Brahman. There is therefore a specific distinction between the living entities and the Supreme Brahman.{Tattva-sutra 13)


35.When can a living entity attain peace of mind?


As long as a living entity enjoys the fruits of his own karma, he can never attain peace, because he is weak, unable, and incomplete. However, when he surrenders to the Supreme Lord, he no longer laments.{Tattva-sutra 13)


36.Who is opposed to the Supreme Lord?


Those who have not had loving devotion to Krsna awakened in their heart are always proud of remaining under the shelter of jndna and karma. They are called bhagavad-bahirmukha, opposed to Krsna. Those who worship many gods, those who are Mdydvddis and thirsty for impersonal jndna, and those atheists who defy Vedic literature are all bhagavad-bahirmukha, opposed to Krsna.(Sajjana-tosani 11/6)


37.What is the difference between the endeavors of the fruitive workers and the mental speculators? When do the living entities become introspective?


The gross materialist endeavors for sensual delights and aspires for ephemeral heavenly bliss in his next life. The mental speculator is wholly concerned with how to mitigate his existential suffering. After surpassing these stages, the jiva becomes introspective. {Hari-ndma-cintdmani Chapter 15)


38.What concept do mundane people have?


They take credit for the so-called advancement of scientific technology and the material comfort it brings. But everything happens by the Lord's will; they conveniently forget this fact.{Hari-ndma-cintdmani Chapter 13)


39.Who does not accept the existence of God? Can atheism harm God?


Those who learn to make arguments in their childhood due to bad association gradually become controlled by prejudice and deny the existence of God. This attitude only harms them, not God.{Caitanya-siksdmrta 1/1)


40.Can one realize the existence of God materially?


Some unfortunate people do not believe in the existence of God. Their eyes of knowledge are shut. Since they cannot see God with their material eyes, they think that there is no God. Just as blind people cannot see the light of the sun, spiritually blind people cannot believe in the existence of God.

{Caitanya-siksdmrta 1/1)


41.When can the living entity realize his constitutional position?


A fire that is covered by ash is not identified as ash, and when the ash is removed, the fire displays its heat and light; similarly, when the gross and subtle bodies of a living entity are destroyed, the constitutional position of the living entity is realized at once. The ash of the gross and subtle bodies covers the fire of the living entity. Does the living entity not have an identity until these two coverings are removed? Yes, he does. As one can feel some heat if one sits in front of a fire covered with ash, similarly the living entity covered with the gross and subtle bodies can also identify himself to a certain extent.{Sajjana-tosanl 8/7)


42. What is the definition of the living entity's material existence?


Considering the subtle body to be the self, the living entity has concocted a new body made of mind, intelligence, and false ego. Considering the psychological and physical factors, the embodied soul is mistakenly thinking these items are his assets. Being proud of his gross body, made of five material elements, he thinks "I am such and such Bhattacarya" and "I am such and such Saheb." Sometimes he dies, sometimes he takes birth, sometimes he is puffed up with happiness, and sometimes he is overwhelmed with distress. How glorious these changes are! How glorious are the tricks of maya;


Accepting a male body, sometimes the living entity marries a female, and sometimes accepting a female body, he marries a male and establishes family life. In this material existence, he serves his respectable elders, maintains his dependence, fears the king, and hates his enemies. Becoming a chaste woman, he feels very shy and is afraid of people's criticism. In this way, being entangled in temporary relationships in this magical material existence, the living entity has fallen far away from his original constitutional position. The condition of the living entity situated in material existence is pathetic! Considering some rules and regulations of material existence as his master, he has totally forgotten Krsna, his eternal master. {Sajjana-tosanl 8/9)


43.Who are non-Vaisnavas?


Learned scholars, rich people, powerful people, brdhmanas, kings and their subjects who are devoid of devotional service are non-Vaisnavas.

{Sajjana-tosanl 10/2)


44.What is the result of proper thought?


The only difference between the animals and the human beings is that the animals are devoid of proper thought and the human beings are capable of such thought. Self-realization is the result of proper thought.{Caitanya-siksamrta 2/2)


45.Is a Godless civilization better than animal life?


Even though human beings are civilized and advanced in material science and morality, they can never become superior to animals unless they accept God.

{Caitanya-siksamrta 1/1)


46.Who is not fit to be called a human being?


A person who does not know what this world is, who he is, who the world was created by, what his duty is, or what he will gain or lose by performing his duty can not be counted as a human being.{Caitanya-siksamrta 2/2)


47.What is the destination of a person who believes his life is in the hands of fate?


Those who immerse their existence in the current of their fortune are like dead fish; while floating in the ocean of material existence, they are sometimes tossed up and sometimes tossed down by the tide. They can never reach their desired destination.

{Caitanya-siksamrta 3/1)


48.What is the symptom of a conditioned soul?


Even after degrading to hell, a condition soul does not wish to give up his body. After getting respite from hell, be becomes bewildered by the Lord's illusory energy. (Sri Bhagavatarka-marici-mala 8/10)


49.What is the nature of the materialists?


Materialists do not have time to hear or speak about Krsna. Whether they engage in pious activities or in sinful activities, they are always far away from the science of self-realization.(Sajjana-tosani 10/11)


50.What is the nature of the conditioned soul?


Though a cloud impedes the eyes of an observer when he gazes at the sun, with his cloudy vision he sees that the tiny cloud is covering the sun, not himself. In the same way, the conditioned souls with their material intelligence, senses, and decisions accept Gokula as a piece of measurable land.

(Brahma-samhitd 5/2)


51.Is the mind spiritual?


An element that does not remain with the living entity in all circumstances is not eternal. The mind is a temporary faculty. In its constitutional position, the soul does not accept a material faculty. The mind is therefore a product of matter. However, since the mind is very subtle, it is superior to many material objects.(Tattva-sutra 30)


52.What is material time?


In the liberated state, a living entity is not influenced by material time. In the conditioned state, the living entities come under the control of time in the form of meeting, separation, existence, and activity. The conditioned souls contact with the material world is therefore called material time.

{Tattva-sutra 25)


53. Who attains which destination in the fourteen worlds?


Grhasthas who engage in pious activities and who desire to enjoy the fruits of their karma attain the three planetary systems, Bhuloka, Bhuvarloka, and Svarloka. Above these are four planets, Maharloka, Janaloka, Tapoloka, and Satyaloka, which are the destination of the brahmacaris, vdnaprasthas, and sannyasls. Grhasthas who have no material desires and who engage in their occupational duties also attain these four planets. (Brhad-bhdgavatamrta)


54.What questions arise when contemplating the Absolute Truth?


In spite of drawing conclusions on various topics, I have drawn none regarding the Absolute Truth. While contemplating on the Absolute Truth, a few questions arose in my mind: Who am I? What is my relationship with this world? What is my relationship with God? What is my ultimate goal of life?

(Caitanya-siksdmrta Chapter 8)


55.What are the four principal questions of inquisitive living entities?


If a person develops such a mentality out of good fortune, he detaches himself from material enjoyment and becomes inquisitive. Then, to obtain knowledge, such a person asks himself these four questions: Who am I? Who is the enjoyer of the material world? What is this vast universe? What is my actual relationship with this universe? (Tattva-viveka 1/2)


56.When does an embodied soul becomes liberated?


By nature, an embodied soul is a materialist. When he obtains the shelter of a bona fide spiritual master and desires to become free from material enjoyment, he gradually endeavors to free his mind from material contamination. When he achieves success in this attempt, he becomes liberated.(Sajjana-tosani All)


57.When can the living entities, who are parts and parcels of the Supreme Lord, arouse their love of God?


As sparks emanate from a complete fire, the living entities emanate from Krsna, who is the supreme complete consciousness. Just as a spark possesses the same quality as the fire, each living entity can manifest the qualities of the supreme consciousness. As a spark, possessing the power to burn, can reveal itself by the help of air and burn the entire world, a living entity after obtaining Krsnacandra, the object of love, can arouse the flood of his love of God. (Jaiva Dharma Chapter 2)


58.What is the fate of a fortunate and an unfortunate person?


Amongst the introspective jivas, those who are more fortunate and pious get the association of sddhus. In such association, those pious jivas take to chanting the Lord's holy name, which eventually transports them to the doorways of the spiritual sky. The less fortunate introspective jivas are attracted to the paths of karma and jndna, by which they worship many demigods or try to merge into the impersonal Brahman.

(Hari-nama-cintdmani Chapter 15)


59.What is material bondage for the living entity?


The spirit soul is pure. He does not have any bondage. Material bondage means that a living entity is bewildered by maya and proudly considers his subtle body, which he received from maya, as himself. Therefore, material bondage of the living entity is not factual. Forgetting one's constitutional position is like the illusion of seeing wealth where there is none or seeing a person without a head. (Sri Bhagavatarka-marici-mala 7/22)


60.How did the spirit soul develop material propensities?


According to his own nature, every spirit soul has a pure identity as the eternal servant of the Supreme Lord. This identity is based on the pure ego of the spirit soul. Under the shelter of the pure ego, the spirit soul also possesses the power of discrimination and feelings of happiness. He knows other objects and other living entities as well as the Supreme Lord, who is the object of his worship. He also has full knowledge and a mind suitable for meditation. When a spirit soul becomes materially conditioned, his spiritual qualities transform into a gross and a subtle body, and manifests mundane propensities because of association with matter.(Caitanya-siksamrta Part 2, 7/1)


61.What is the difference between the liberated state and the conditioned state?


A living entity who is a pure devotee of Krsna is not conditioned by maya. By the mercy of Krsna such a soul is liberated from the material world. He is a liberated soul and is in the liberated state. Then again, a living entity who avoids Krsna falls into the clutches of maya. He is a conditioned soul and is in the conditioned state.(Jaiva Dharma Chapter 7)


62.Who is superior, a brdhmana or a Vaisnava?


A brdhmana is the highest among human beings whose intelligence is not fully developed. A person whose intelligence is fully developed is a Vaisnava.

(Jaiva Dharma Chapter 3)


63.What is the purpose and result of the dry speculators'questions?


Questions are of two types: one type is under the shelter of dry speculation and the other is with faith in devotional service. The second type is such that the faith of the inquirer is satisfied. One should never answer the questions of the dry speculators, because they will never believe the truth. Their arguments are influenced by maya and they cannot progress on the path of inconceivable spiritual truth. Even if one tries hard to convince them, they will not make any spiritual progress. Their goal is to give up trust in God. (Jaiva Dharma Chapter 34)


64.What is the difference between the jndni and the Vaisnava?


There are many differences between the liberated souls who are on the path of impersonal knowledge, and those who are devotees. The jhdni hates his material body and always endeavors to not receive another body. The devotee becomes detached from his body because of separation from Krsna and on seeing Krsna considers his body successful. The jndni exhausts his sinful reactions by enjoying them, but the devotee simply depends on the will of Krsna.

(Sri Bhdgavatdrka-marici-mdld 17/22)


65.Can one see the spiritual world in one's mind?


As long as the mind of a living entity remains absorbed in material thoughts and wanders in the material world, it cannot see the spiritual world, which lies beyond the material sky and is full of knowledge.(Gltamala 7/1)


66.Who is an intelligent person and who is an unfortunate person?


One who understands material existence is an intelligent person, and one who remains in the wheel of material existence is an unfortunate person.

(Jaiva Dharma Chapter 7)


67.Is the life of a devotee and the life of a conditioned soul the same?


There is a gulf of difference between the life of the devotees and that of persons bewildered by maya. Although they appear the same on the outside, on the inside the difference is vast.(Jaiva Dharma Chapter 7)


68.What is the difference between a materialist and a spiritualist?


Externally there is no difference between a materialist and a spiritualist, but their internal moods are different. (Sajjana-tosani 4/1)


69.Who is the enjoyer? Is the living entity not an enjoyer?


A living entity can never be the enjoyer of another living entity. All living entities are enjoyed and Lord Krsna is the only enjoyer.

(Caitanya-siksdmrta Part 2, 7/7)


70.Is the life of a person who possesses good qualities useless?


Even though a person possesses good qualities, his life is useless if he is without devotional service to Krsna. (Sajjana-tosani 5/1)


71.What is the difference between liberated and conditioned states?


In the liberated state, we have a spiritual form. In the conditioned state, we have a form of indistinct matter and spirit. In the liberated state vaikuntha-rasa is enjoyed, and in the conditioned state it should be sought after. (Prema-pradlpa Chapter 9)


72.What is the understanding of "I" and "mine" in the liberated state?


In the liberated state, the idea of "I" and "mine" is fully spiritual and faultless.

(Jaiva Dharma Chapter 7)


73.How does a living entity develop his spiritual body and realize his spiritual identity?


The;jiva is pure spirit soul, part and parcel of the Absolute Whole. He has a transcendental original form that is all-perfect. He has forgotten his perfect spiritual state and come under the clutches of maya. He is offensive to Lord Krsna and is inebriated with the false mundane designations of his gross body. If, by the mercy of a pure devotee spiritual master, he regains knowledge of his origin, the rediscovery of his original identity can quickly be accomplished.(Sri Hari-nama-cintamani Chapter 15)


74.What is the meaning of spiritual male body and spiritual female body?


Because of the power of maya, a soul residing in the material world imagines that she is male. In the understanding of pure spirit, Krsna is the only male and all others are female. In spirit, there is no sign of material male or female. If one intently meditates on this rasa, one can become qualified to become a gopl in Vraja. A person who yearns to attain madhurya-rasa will become qualified to become a. gopl in Vraja. By repeatedly desiring in this way, one attains that perfection. (Jaiva Dharma Chapter 32)


75.What is the difference between Krsna, maya, and the living entity? Why does a living entity becomes entangled in matter?


Krsna is compared to the sun and is full of knowledge and bliss. Maya is His shadow or perverted reflection. The living entity is an infinitesimal particle of Krsna's effulgence. When the living entity contacts maya, he is captured and bound by maya, because of his marginal nature (tatastha). (Sri Navadvipa Mahatmya Chapter 7)


76.Why is the difference between the Supreme Brahman and the living entity an eternal one?


If water is mixed with milk no one can detect it, but a swan can immediately separate the milk from the water. Similarly, following the words of their spiritual master, the devotees can at once tell the difference between the Supreme Brahman and the living entities, even though the Mayavadis claim that the living entities merge into Brahman at the time of annihilation.(Tattva-sutra 82)


77.Why can the living entities and the Supreme Lord not merge together?


If milk is added to milk or water is added to water, they mix, but they do not become one in all respects, because the quantity of the two objects does not diminish. In the same way, despite merging into the Supreme Lord through meditation, the living entities do not attain oneness. This is the verdict of the pure-hearted learned scholars. (Tattva-sutra 83)


78.Can a living entity become God?


Although the waves are part of the ocean, they are never the ocean. Although the living entities are parts and parcels of God, they can never become God.

(Tattva-sutra 10)


79.What are the symptoms of an unfortunate soul?


Everyone should know that an unfortunate living entity is overconfident in the power of his own intelligence. Such a person rejects the mercy of the Lord, and by the force of false logic, falls repeatedly into the pit of illusion.(Sri Navadvipa Mahatmya Chapter 1)


80.Why should one give up attachment for his body?


The flesh is not our own alas! The mortal frame a chain; The soul confined for former wrongs Should try to rise again! (Saragrahi Vaisnava)