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NITAAI-Veda.nyf > All Scriptures By Acharyas > Bhaktivinoda Thakura > Bhaktivinoda Vani Vaibhava > Bhaktivinoda Vani Vaibhava Part 1 > Holy Names of Sri Krsna


Holy Names of Sri Krsna

1.What is the holy name of Krsna?


The holy name of Lord Krsna is the bud of the flower of rasa. Rasa is pure and unbroken, and by the mercy of Krsna, it has been spread in the world as the holy name.{Hari-nama-cintamani)


2.Which instruction in the Vedas is the best?


Of all the instructions in the Vedas, the best is to chant the holy names of Hari.(Jaiva Dharma Chapter 24)


3.How is the chanting of the holy names simultaneously the goal of life and the process of achieving that goal?


The mercy of the Supreme Lord is the highest goal of all living entities. The principal method for achieving that goal is not fruitive activities and mental speculation, because they vanish as one comes closer to the goal. The process of chanting is not like that. The holy name is nondifferent from the Supreme Lord and, therefore, He always remains present as both the goal and the process.(Hari-ndma-cintdmani)


4.How many types of names does the Supreme Lord have? Is it proper to consider the Lord's names as inferior or superior?


The holy names of the Lord are of two types: primary and secondary. The names given to Him because He created the material world through maya (such as creator of the universe, maintainer of the universe, controller of the universe, sustainer of the universe, and Paramatma) are His secondary names. Some names, such as Brahman, that are beyond the jurisdiction of the three modes of material nature are also counted among His secondary names. Although these holy names award various results, they seldom award the supreme spiritual goal. The Lord's holy names that are transcendental to material time and space, and are eternally present in the spiritual world are the Lord's primary and spiritual names. They are names such as Narayana, Vasudeva, Janardana, Hrsikesa, Hari, Acyuta, Govinda, Gopala, and Rama. These principal names are eternally present in the spiritual realm and are inseparably connected with the Supreme Lord.{Jaiva Dharma Chapter 23)


5.What is special about the name Krsna?


The holy name Krsna is the Lord's eternal name that attracts everyone toward His ecstatic love and reveals His supreme existence.

(Brahma-samhita 5/3)


6.What is Krsna's first identification?


Krsna's first identification is the holy name Krsna. The living entity should chant Krsna's holy name, and resolve to achieve His shelter.

(Caitanya-siksamrta 6/4)


7.Is the holy name a material sound vibration? Can a material tongue chant the holy name?


The holy name of Hari is not a product of the material world. A pure spirit soul situated in his constitutional position is qualified to chant the holy name of Hari in his spiritual body.A materially conditioned living entity cannot chant the holy name through his material senses. However, when one's constitutional propensities are awakened by the mercy of the hladinl potency, one is eligible to chant the holy name of the Lord. At that time, the pure name mercifully appears in the devotee's heart and then dances on his devotion-filled tongue. The mystery of the holy name is that it is not a combination of letters but manifests as a combination of letters when it dances on a material tongue.{Jaiva Dharma Chapter 23)


8.Why are there different holy names for deliverance in different yugas?


After analyzing people's level of advancement, the compilers of the scriptures established the appropriate holy names to deliver people in the different ages.(Sri Krsna-samhita Introduction)


9.What are the prescribed holy names for Satya-yuga and what is their significance?


narayana-para veda naray ana-paraksarah

narayana-para muktir narayana-para gatih


The meaning of this verse is that Lord Narayana is the goal of all science, language, and liberation, and He is the supreme destination. The Supreme Lord is fully realized in the form of Narayana, surrounded by His associates in Vaikuntha. The name of the' Absolute Truth for devotees who admire His opulence is Narayana. Such devotees have a relationship with the Lord in sdnta-rasa and a little ddsya-rasa.(Sri Krsna-samhita Introduction)


10.What are the prescribed holy names for Treta-yuga and what is their significance?


rama, narayana, ananta, mukunda, madhusudana,

krsna, kesava, kamsare, hare, vaikuntha, vamana


These are the holy names to deliver one in Treta-yuga. These names indicate Narayana's prowess. Devotees who worship the Lord with these names have a relationship in ddsya-rasa and a reflection of sakhya-rasa.(Sri Krsna-samhita Introduction)


11.What are the prescribed holy names for Dvapara yuga and what is their significance?


hare, murare, madhu-kaitabhare, gopala,

govinda, mukunda, saure yajnesa, narayana, krsna, visno,virasrayam mam, jagadisa raksa


These are the holy names to deliver one in Dvapara-yuga. These names aim toward Krsna, who is the shelter of unsheltered persons. Devotees who worship the Lord with these names have a relationship in sdnta, ddsya, sakhya, or vdtsalya-rasa. (Sri Krsna-samhita Introduction)


12.What are the prescribed holy names for Kali-yuga and what is their purport?


hare krsna hare krsna krsna krsna hare hare

hare rama hare rama rama rama hare hare

These are the topmost sweet names of the Lord. There is no prayer in this mantra. Provocation for all rasas mixed with intimate attachment is found in this mantra. There is no mention of the Lord's prowess or giving liberation. This mantra reveals only that a soul has an indescribable attraction for the Supersoul by a thread of love. These names are the mantra for those who are on the path of mddhurya-rasa. Constant deliberation on these names is the best form of worshiping the Lord. All spiritual activities of swanlike people, such as worshiping the deity, following vows, and studying the scriptures, are included in these holy names. There is no consideration of time, place, or candidate for chanting this mantra. The chanting of this mantra does not depend on the instructions of a guru or worshiping a deity for some reward. Swanlike people are duty-bound to take shelter of these names while accepting the previously mentioned twelve truths. Swanlike people of foreign countries, whose language and social positions are different, should accept these holy names in their own language by taking a hint from this mantra. This means that in chanting this mantra, there should be no complex scientific consideration, useless argument, or any type of direct or indirect prayer. If there is any prayer at all, it should be to increase one's love for God. (Sri Krsna-samhita Introduction)


13. Does a liberated person need to chant Hari's holy names? How does one chant the holy names to develop unalloyed devotional service?


For the living entities, there is no other wealth or goal than chanting Krsna's holy names. In the liberated stage, pure living entities in Vaikuntha always sing the holy names of Hari. Unless one chants the holy names offenselessly, one can never take shelter of the holy name without deviation.(Sajjana-tosani 8/9)


14.What is the instruction of Mahaprabhu?


Mahaprabhu instructs us to fill our lives with chanting Krsna's holy names. There is nothing permanent and real in this material world except the holy names of Krsna.(Sajjana-tosani 11/5)


15.How did Sriman Mahaprabhu deliver the fallen souls?


Sriman Mahaprabhu delivered the fallen souls simply by distributing the holy names of Krsna to the living entities and inducing them to chant these names.

(Sajjana-tosani 11/5)


16.How can one achieve all perfection?


If, by the mercy of the spiritual master, one can chant the holy names of Krsna while keeping firm faith in the words of the Lord, one is sure to achieve all perfection. There is no doubt about it.(Sajjana-tosani 11/5)


17.How can one counteract offenses committed in deity worship?


If one commits offenses while performing service to the deity of Krsna, one can be delivered from one's offenses by taking shelter of the Lord's holy names.

(Bhajana Rahasya Chapter 2)


18.Are the names, forms, qualities, and pastimes of Sri Krsna approachable by the material body and senses of the living entity?


The material body and senses of the living entity do not realize the pure transcendental names, forms, qualities, and pastimes of the Lord. Out of His causeless mercy, Sri Krsna has directly manifest truth in this world for the benefit of the living entity. The self-manifest spiritual science appears directly. (Hari-nama-cintamani)


19.How does the holy name manifest His form?


As soon as the budlike holy name begins to blossom, enchanting spiritual forms, such as Krsna's form, begin to manifest.(Hari-nama-cintamani)


20.How does the holy name manifest His qualities?


When the bud of the holy name blossoms, one appreciates the fragrance of the sixty-four transcendental qualities of Krsna just like one appreciates the fragrance of a flower.(Hari-nama-cintamani)


21.How does the holy name manifest His pastimes?


When the flowerlike holy name is fully blossomed, the eternal transcendental pastimes of Krsna manifest in this world even though they are beyond material nature.(Hari-nama-cintamani)


22.Can one relish the chanting of the holy names of Hari in both separation and meeting?


In both separation and meeting the chanting of the holy names are eternally relishable. (Hari-nama-cintamani)


23.What is the difference between the kdma-bija mantra of Goloka and of the material world?


The kdma-bija of Goloka is purely spiritual whereas the kdma-bija of the material world is under the subordination of time and the shadow energy [maya] of the Supreme Lord.(Brahma-samhita 5/8)


24.What is the sound of Krsna's flute?


The sound of Krsna's flute is transcendental sound vibration. It is eternal, full of knowledge, and full of bliss. Therefore all the truths of the Vedas are present in it.(Brahma-samhita 5/27)

25. Following the directions of the eight verses of Siksdstaka, how should one cultivate chanting the sixteen names of the maha-mantra?


The sixteen names of the Hare Krsna mahd-mantra are called asta-yugas or eight verses. This is the verdict of the Lord.


The first verse, "Hare Krsna," destroys one's nescience. One is advised to congregationally chant the holy names of Krsna with faith.The second verse, "Hare Krsna," means that the Supreme Lord Krsna is omnipotent. One is advised to take shelter of the holy names in the association of the devotees. This process will vanquish all one's unwanted desires. When one's unwanted desires are destroyed, one develops fixed faith.While chanting the third verse, "Krsna Krsna," one is advised to constantly chant the holy names with determination in the association of pure devotees.Chanting the fourth verse, "Hare Hare," awakens one's unalloyed devotion to the Lord. One is advised to congregationally chant the holy names with taste.While chanting the fifth verse, "Hare Rama," one is advised to become attached to the pure service and to remember the holy names of the Lord.The sixth verse, "Hare Rama," is chanted to develop bhdva. This results in detachment for material life, and taste for Krsna's lotus feet.By chanting the seventh verse, "Rama Rama," one becomes attached to madhurya-rasa and takes shelter of the lotus feet of Radha. This also awakens one's mood of separation.The eighth verse, "Hare Hare," refers to the devotees who are in the mood of the gopis and who constantly engage in loving devotional service to Radha-Krsna in Vraja and thus achieve the ultimate goal of life.(Bhajana Rahasya Chapter 1)


26. Why is the most attractive holy name "Krsna" supremely unique?


Keeping a great quality of the Lord in mind, the devotees have awarded a name to the Lord. Names such as Brahman, Paramatma, and Narayana indicate the Lord's great qualities, but these qualities do not establish the relationship between the Supreme Lord and the living entities. A transcendental rope in the form of relationship connects the Lord and His devotees. Through this rope the Supreme Lord attracts all living entities. The highest manifestation of the Lord is this attraction. Krsna is all-attractive. As far as worship of the Lord is concerned, there is an eternal relationship between Krsna and the living entities.

(Tattva-sutra 40)