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Energy of the Lord
1.Are the energy and the energetic separate?
The energy and the energetic are simultaneously one and different; therefore, by nature, the object and its energy are inconceivably one and different.
(Sri Manah-siksa 4)
2.How is the Lord's energy nondual and unlimited?
The mood one adopts while building a boat certainly differs from the mood while building a house. The ability to build different things comes from the same energy, but different moods are adopted. Therefore there is no contradiction regarding the Lord's energy being nondual and unlimited. (Tattva-sutra 6)
3.Why is the Lord's energy female?
Energy is dependent; so energy is imagined as a female and thus she has become qualified to be embraced by the supreme energetic. To make the truth more easily understood great sages have added ornamental language to their descriptions. Actually, Radha-Krsna is one Absolute Truth. (Tattva-sutra 7)
4.What are the characteristics and activities of the internal, external, and marginal energies of the Lord?
The living entities are the fragmental parts and the marginal energy of the spiritual internal energy of the Supreme Lord. The external energy or mdyd is the illusory energy or shadow energy of the Lord. From marginal potency, the living entities have been created. From external potency, this material world has been created. Because of the living entities' misconception of thinking the body to be the self, they come in contact with the material world.
(Sri Bhdgavatdrka-marici-mdld 111 Introduction)
5.What are the special characteristics of the Lord's energy?
The Lord's energy is of three kinds: sandhinl, samvit, and hladinl. Existence—such as the existence of the body, death, time, association, and ingredients—manifests from the sandhinl potency. Relationships and feelings manifest from samvit. Rasa manifests from hladinl. Existence and also relationships and feelings culminate in rasa. Those who don't accept variety, the impersonalists, are dry. Variety is the life of enjoyment. (Prema-pradlpa Chapter 5)
6.What is the internal potency of the Lord called in the Vedas?
The wonderful variegated internal spiritual potency of Sri Krsna is called sabala.
(Sri Manah-siksd Verse 3)
7.What is the function of the sandhinl aspect of the Lord's spiritual potency?
sa saktihs sandhin bhutva sattajatam vitanyate pitha-satta svarupa sa vaikuntha-rupini sati
krsnadyakhyabhidha-satta rupa-satta kalevaram radhadya-sangini-satta sarva-satta tu sandhini
sandhini-sakti-sambhutah sambandha vividha matah sarvadhara svarupeyam sarvakara sad amsaka
The superior energy of the Absolute Truth is realized in three aspects—sandhinl, samvit, and hladinl. The first manifestation of the Absolute Truth is sat (sandhinl), cit (samvit), and ananda (hladinl). "In the beginning there was only the Supreme Brahman, and then, after manifesting His energies, He became known as sac-cid-dnanda"; this kind of misconception arises due to consideration of material time and should not be applied to the Absolute Truth. Swanlike people understand that the sac-cid-dnanda form of the Lord is beginningless, endless, and eternal. The sandhinl energy manifests the existence of the eternal abode, name, form, associates, relationships, features, and foundation of the Absolute Truth. The superior energy of the Lord has three potencies: cit or spiritual, jlva or marginal, and acit or material. The spiritual potency, cit, is His internal potency. The marginal and material potencies are separated. These potencies are considered according to the proportion of the energy manifest. Vaikuntha is the abode of spiritual potency of the sandhinl aspect of the superior energy. The names of Krsna manifest from the abhidhd-sattd, the body of Krsna manifests from the rupa-satta, and the lovers of Krsna like Radha manifest from a mixture of the rupa-satta and sahgini-sattd. All kinds of relationships manifest from the sandhinl aspect. The sandhinl aspect of the Lord is the source of all spiritual manifestations and features.
(Sri Krsna-sarhhitd Chapter 2)
8. What is the function of the samvit aspect of the Lord's spiritual potency?
samvid bhuta p ara saktir jnana-vijnana rupini sandhini-nirmite sattve bhava-samyojini sati
bhavabhave ca sattayam na kincid apy laksyate tasmat tu sarva-bhavanam samvid eva prakasini
sandhini-krta-sattvesu sambandha-bhava-yojika samvid-rupa maha-devi karyakarya vidhayini
visesabhavatah samvid brahma-jnanam prakasayet visesa-samyuta sa tu bhagavad bhakti-dayini
The samvit aspect of the superior energy consists of knowledge (jhdna) and its practical application (vijhana). When samvit interacts with the manifestations of the sandhini aspect, emotions appear. Without the presence of emotions, existence would be unknown. Therefore all truths are illuminated by samvit. The samvit aspect of the spiritual potency creates all the emotions of Vaikuntha. All relationships in Vaikuntha have been established by Sarhvit-devi, who is the director of action and inaction. The different rasas, such as santa and ddsya, and the respective activities in those rasas have been established by samvit. If one does not accept the quality of variegatedness, then Samvit-devi manifests the impersonal feature of the Absolute Truth. The living entity then takes shelter of the impersonal knowledge of Brahman. Therefore, impersonal knowledge of Brahman is only the impersonal consideration of Vaikuntha. For one who accepts the quality of variegatedness, Samvit-devi manifests the Supreme Personality of Godhead. The living entity then accepts the devotional service of the Lord.(Sri Krsna-samhita Chapter 2)
9. What is the function of the hladini aspect of the Lord's spiritual potency?
hladin-nama sarmprapta saiva saktih parakhyika mahabhavadisu sthitva paramananda-dayini
sarvorddha-bhava-sampanna krsnarddha-rupa-dharini radhika sattva-rupena krsnananda-mayi kila
maha-bhava-svarupeyam radha-krsna-vinodini sakhya asta-vidha bhava hladinya rasa-posikah
tat tad bhava-gata jiva nityananda-parayanah sarvada jiva-sattayam bhavanam vimala sthitih
When the spiritual potency of the superior energy interacts with the hladini aspect, it creates attachment up to the state of mahabhava, in which She (hladini) bestows the topmost ecstasy. This hladini is Sri Radhika. She is the energy of the energetic, possesses the topmost loving sentiments, and is half of the Supreme Lord's form. She expands into the indescribable forms of Krsna's inconceivable happiness. Radha gives pleasure to Krsna. She is the embodiment of mahabhava. There are eight varieties of emotions that nourish the rasa of hladini. They are known as Radha's eight sakhis. By the association of devotees and the mercy of the Lord, the hladini energy of the living entities realizes a portion of the spiritual hladini. Then the living entities become eternally happy and attain the stage of pure eternal sentiments while remaining individual entities.(Sri Krsna-samhita Chapter 2)
10. What is the characteristic of hladini?
The hladini energy is the greatest among all the energies of the Lord. Sri Radhika is the personification of this energy. (Jaiva Dharma Chapter 33)
11.What is the importance of the Lord's hlddini energy?
Without the mercy of the hlddini energy, the living entities cannot obtain love of God, which is the ultimate goal of life. Having received strength from the hlddini energy, the living entities can penetrate the abode of Brahman and reach the spiritual sky. (Sri Manah-siksd Verse 11)
12.What are the activities of sandhini, sarhvit, and hladini in the spiritual energy and in the material energy?
By the influence of the Lord's three energies (spiritual, marginal, and material), the spiritual world, the living entities, and the material world have been created. Within each of the three energies, we find three separate propensities called sandhini, sarhvit, and hladini.
By the interaction of the spiritual potency and the sandhini propensity, all kinds of spiritual opulences such as the spiritual abode, spiritual forms, and spiritual paraphernalia manifest. The names, forms, qualities, and pastimes of Krsna are the work of sandhini. By the interaction of the spiritual potency with the sarhvit propensity, all spiritual sentiments manifest. By the interaction of the spiritual potency with the hlddini propensity, the cultivation of ecstatic love manifests.By the interaction of the marginal potency and the sandhini propensity, spiritual existence and the names and abode of the living entities manifest. By the interaction of the marginal potency with the sarhvit propensity, impersonal knowledge manifests. By the interaction of the marginal potency with the hlddini propensity, happiness derived from merging into Brahman manifests as well as the happiness of trance attained through astdhga yoga or the happiness of being one with the Lord.
By the interaction of the material potency with the sandhini propensity, the material universe (consisting of fourteen worlds, the gross and subtle bodies of the conditioned souls, their attainment of the heavenly planets and their material senses) has been created. The material name, form, qualities, and activities of the conditioned soul are also the result of this interaction. By the interaction of the material potency with the sarhvit propensity, the conditioned souls' thought, desire, imagination, and concepts are manifest. By the interaction of the material potency with the hlddini propensity, gross material pleasure and subtle heavenly pleasure manifest.(Sri Manah-siksd Verse 4)
13. How has the spiritual world manifest?
The Lord's inconceivable energy displays its power through variety in the Lord's body, the living entity's body, the situation of both, and the spiritual realm. (Prema-pradlpa Chapter 9)
14.What is the marginal energy?
The energy suitable for both the material and spiritual worlds is called the marginal energy. (Sri Manah-siksd Verse 6)
15.What is yoga-nidra?
The Supreme Lord's ecstatic trance in the intrinsic joy of His own self is called yoga-nidrd. (Brahma-sarhhitd 5/12)
16.What is yogamdyal What is her work?
Another name of spiritual energy is yogamdyd. She manifests the pastimes of Krsna in such a way that they appear ordinary to the eyes of the materialists.
(Jaiva Dharma Chapter 32)
17.Which Gayatri mantra and other mantra are used in the worship of Krsna?
The Kama-gayatri mantra, consisting of twenty-four and a half syllables, is derived from Vedic tantras. This and the mula-mantra, also known as the kama-bija, are used for the worship of Krsna.(Caitanya-caritdmrta Madhya 8/137-138 commentary)
18.What is Kama-gayatri?
Gayatri, the mother of the Vedas, became a gopi, attained the shelter of Krsna, and thus became known as Kama-gayatri. By the will of Krsna, yogamayd, the Lord's spiritual potency, has arranged the Vraja pastimes. These pastimes are totally faultless, because they are arranged by yogamayd, not the Lord's illusory energy. In these pastimes Krsna's eternally perfect maidservants enjoy with Him. Demigoddesses and the personifications of the Upanisads and Gayatri, after attaining the association of Krsna's eternally liberated maidservants, serve Krsna in parakiyd-bhdva (paramour relationship).
19.What is the duty of Durga, who is worshiped in the material world?
The material world, where Brahma is situated and singing the glories of the Lord of Goloka, is the world of fourteen planetary systems. It is called Devi-dhama and Durga is the presiding goddess. She has ten arms, representing the ten karmas, fruitive activities. Her prowess as a heroine is indicated by her riding on a lion. She is the subduer of vice, represented in her punishing Mahisasura, the buffalo-demon. She is the mother of two sons, Karttikeya and Ganesa, indicating her beauty and success. She is positioned between Laksmi and Sarasvati, who are the companions of worldly opulence and knowledge. To suppress vice, she is the bearer of twenty weapons, representing the manifold Vedic religious duties. She holds a snake, representing the beauty of time, the vanquisher. Durga possesses all these features, and she also possesses a durga, which means a prison. When the jivas, who have their origin in the marginal potency, become opposed to Krsna, they are interned in Durga's durga. The instrument of punishment in that prison is the wheel of karma. Her duty, by the wish of Govinda, is to fulfill the task of reforming these jivas by corrective measures; a task that she executes perpetually. When the jivas have the fortune of attaining sddhu-sanga, the holy association of pure devotees and they turn toward the Lord, the very same Durga, by the wish of Govinda, becomes the cause of their liberation.
It is conducive to show the prison warden, Durga, one's reformed favorable attitude, and to satisfy her and gain her undeceiving grace. Wealth, successful, agriculture, assurance of the health of one's family members, and so on—all such benedictions are the deceptive grace of Durga. To delude souls opposed to Krsna, Durga manifests her ten forms known as dasa-mahd-vidyd in the mundane world. These forms display psychic pastimes.
(Sri Brahma-samhitd 5/44)
20. Are Mahamaya, Durga, or Kali spiritual energies? What are their duties?
MayadevI is known and worshiped in the forms of Durga, Kali, and so on. Spiritual energy is Lord Krsna's original and primeval energy; mdyd is its shadow. Maya's intention is to rectify the erring jivas who have fallen away and bring them back to Krsna consciousness; this is her prime duty to the Lord. Maya showers two kinds of graces—niskapata (honest and unrestricted) and sakapata (capricious and illusory). By her niskapata mercy, she gives the science of devotional service to Lord Krsna subtly mixed with material knowledge. By her sakapata mercy, she offers temporary material favors and comforts, and thus controls the jiva. When she is dissatisfied with a jlva 's behavior, she casts him into the brahmajyoti through sdyujya liberation; thus the jiva is doomed.
21.What is the difference between Durga who belongs to the covering of Krsna's abode and Durga who is worshiped in the material world?
The spiritual Durga is the outer covering of the spiritual realm of the Supreme Lord. She is the eternal maidservant of Krsna and is, therefore, the transcendental reality. Her shadow, the Durga of this world, functions in this mundane world as her maidservant. (Sri Brahma-samhita 5/44)
22.What is the function of Yogamaya in Gokula and Navadvipa in the material world?
Just as Sri Krsna had His birth in the mundane Gokula through the agency of Yogamaya who is the primal energy of the Supreme Lord, so with her help He manifests the Ilia of His birth in the womb of Sacldevi in Navadvipa on this mundane plane. These are the absolute truths of spiritual science and not the outcome of imaginary speculation under the thralldom of the deluding energy of Godhead.(Sri Brahma-samhita 5/5)
23.What are the activities of Durga of Goloka?
Durga, the spiritual energy of Krsna, maintains and arranges the Lord's pastimes. (Jaiva Dharma Chapter 14)
24.What is the difference between a pure follower of Durga and a pure follower of Lord Visnu?
We find a difference between the followers of Durga and the followers of Visnu. Those who are attached only to the Lord's illusory energy and do not take shelter of the Lord's spiritual energy are followers of Durga but they are not Vaisnavas. They are materialists. The energy is not twofold. Radhika represents the same energy in the spiritual form, and in the material form, Durga represents it. On the transcendental platform, the energy of Visnu is the spiritual potency, and in the material world, it is the illusory energy. (Jaiva Dharma Chapter 9)
25.Why should we accept the Supreme Lord or His energy?
The rules of material nature are possible by the glance of the Supreme Lord. Such rules are the formation of clouds and then rain, according to the different seasons; earthquakes and the breaking of mountains, caused by heat; and the ebb and flow of the tide, caused by attraction. The heat or attraction can never be independent qualities. Consciousness is like the creator, and qualities such as attraction are only rules. Therefore, it is not reasonable to deny the creator but accept the rules.(Tattva-sutra 22)
26.How do the contradictory qualities of the Supreme Lord exist in perfect harmony?
Viruddha dharma samanjasyam tat acintya saktvat means that through His inconceivable potency the Absolute Truth possesses contradictory qualities of variegatedness and nonvariegatedness in perfect harmony.(Amnaya Sutra 6)
27.How is it possible for Sri Krsna to simultaneously possess contradictory qualities?
Sri Krsna, who is eternal, full of knowledge and bliss, possesses an inconceivable energy that removes contradictions. On the strength of this energy, various contradictory qualities are simultaneously and undisputedly present in Him. Some of His contradictory qualities are having a form and being formlessness, being all-pervading and having the deity form, being unattached and being compassionate to the devotees,being unborn and taking birth, being the worshipable Supreme Person and being a cowherd boy, being omniscient and having a humanlike form, being full of variety and being without variety. Unlimited contradictory qualities are perfectly present in Sri Krsna, and they are constantly assisting in the service of Sri Radha, the personification of hladinl mahdbhava. (Sri Manah-siksa Verse 4)