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NITAAI-Veda.nyf > All Scriptures By Acharyas > Bhaktivinoda Thakura > Amnaya Sutra > Part one > Chapter-IV

Chapter Four

Dhama-prakarana

The Abode of the Supreme Personality of Godhead

 

 

Sutra 21

 

 

tat-tat-svarupa-vaibhavam dhama-nicayam

 

     tat-tat - various; svarupa - of forms; vaibhavam - glory; dhama - of abodes; nicayam - multitude.

 

 

     The glories of the Lord's many forms are manifested in many different abodes.

 

Commentary by Shrila Bhaktivinoda Thakura

 

 

     In the Mundaka Upanishad it is said:

 

 

satyena labhyas tapasa hy esha atma

     samyak jnanena brahmacaryena nityam

antah sharire jyotirmayo hi shubhro

     yam pashyanti yatayah kshina-doshah

 

 

     "The Supreme Personality of Godhead is attained by truthfulness, austerity, knowledge, and celibacy. Glorious and effulgent, He always stays the heart. They who are faultless gaze on Him."

 

     In the Brahmanda Purana it is said:

 

 

siddhalokas tu tamasah

     pare yatra vasanti hi

siddha brahma-mukhe magna

     daityash ca harina hatah

 

 

     "Beyond the darkness of matter is the world of the siddhas. The siddhas enter the mouth of Brahman and the demons killed by the Lord also enter."

 

     Shrila Krishnadasa Kaviraja Gosvami (Shri Chaitanya-caritamrita Adi 4.64) explains:

 

 

sandhi nira sara amsha shuddha-sattva nama

bhagavanera satta haya tahate bishrama

 

 

     "The essential portion of the sandhini potency is shuddha-sattva. Lord Krishna's existence rests upon it."*

 

 

Sutra 22

 

 

jyotir brahmanah

 

     jyotih - effulgence; brahmanah - of Brahman.

 

 

     The abode of Brahman is light.

 

Commentary by Shrila Bhaktivinoda Thakura

 

 

     In the Prashna Upanishad (1.15) it is said:

 

 

tesham evaisha brahmaloka yesham tapo brahmacaryam yeshu satyam pratishthitam.

 

 

     "They who are austere, celibate, and truthful reside in the world of Brahman."

 

     In Shrimad-Bhagavatam it is said:

 

 

rishayo vata rasana

     shramana urdhva-manthinah

brahmakhyam dhama te yanti

     shantah sannyasino 'malah

 

 

     "With a great effort the peaceful sages and pure-hearted ascetics attain the world of Brahman."

 

     In Shri Chaitanya-caritamrita (Adi 5.32, 5.37, and 5.38) it is said:

 

 

vaikunthe bahire eka jyotirmaya mandala

krishnera angera prabha parama ujjvala

 

 

     "Outside the Vaikuntha planets is the atmosphere of the glowing effulgence, which consists of the supremely bright rays of the body of Lord Krishna."*

 

 

nirvishesha jyotir bimba bahire prakasha

 

 

     "Outside the Vaikuntha planets appears the impersonal reflection of light."*

 

 

sayujyera adhikari tanha paya laya

 

 

     "Those fit for sayujya liberation merge into that effulgence."*

 

 

Sutra 23

 

 

vishvam paramatmanah

 

     vishvam - the universe; paramatmanah - of the Supersoul.

 

 

     The abode of the Supersoul is the material world.

 

Commentary by Shrila Bhaktivinoda Thakura

 

 

     In the Katha Upanishad (2.3.2,3) it is said:

 

 

yad idam kim ca jagat sarvam

     prana ejati nihshritam

mahad bhayam vajram udyatam

     yatra tad vidur amritas te bhavanti

 

 

     "He is the life that moves in this universe. He is a terrifying raised thunderbolt. They who know Him become immortal."

 

 

bhayad asyagnis tapati

     bhayat tapati suryah

bhayad indrash ca vayush ca

     mrityur dhavati pancamah.

 

 

     "Out of fear of Him fire burns. Out of fear of Him the sun shines. Out of fear of Him Indra, Vayu, and Yama run to perform their duties."

 

     In the Padma Purana it is said:

 

 

tri-pad-vibhuter dhamatvat

     tri-pada-bhutam hi tat-padam

vibhutir mayiki sarva-

     prokta padatmika mata

 

 

     "Because it consists of three-fourths of the Lord's energy, the spiritual world is called tripada-bhuta. Being a manifestation of one fourth of the Lord's energy, the material world is called eka-pada."*

 

     Shrila Krishnadasa Kaviraja Gosvami (Shri Chaitanya-caritamrita Adi 5.85 and 86) explains:

 

 

antaratma rupe tinho jagat-adhara

 

prakriti sahita tanra ubhaya sambandha

tathapi prakriti saha nahi sparsha gandha

 

 

     "Although the Lord is the shelter of everything and although all the universes rest in Him, He, as the Supersoul, is also the support of everything. Although He is thus connected with the material energy in two ways, He does not have the slightest contact with it."*

 

 

Sutra 24

 

 

paravyoma bhagavatah

 

     paravyoma - the spiritual sky; bhagavatah - of the Supreme Personality of Godhead.

 

 

     The spiritual sky is the abode of the Supreme Personality of Godhead (bhagavan).

 

Commentary by Shrila Bhaktivinoda Thakura

 

 

     In the Taittiriya Upanishad (2.1.2) it is said:

 

 

om brahma-vid apnoti param. satyam jnanam anantam brahma yo veda nihitam guhatam parame vyoman so 'shnute sarvan kaman saha brahmana vipashcita.

 

 

     "Om. One who understands the Supreme Personality of Godhead attains the spiritual world. On who understands that the Supreme Personality of Godhead is eternal, all-knowing, limitless, and all-pervading, attains all his desires. In the spiritual world he enjoys with the all-knowing Supreme Person."

 

     In the Bhagavad-gita (15.6), Lord Krishna explains:

 

 

na tad bhasayate suryo

     na shashanko na pavakah

yad gatva na nivartante

     tad dhama paramam mama

 

 

     "That supreme abode of Mine is not illuminated by the sun or moon, nor by fire or electricity. Those who reach it never return to this material world."*

 

     In the Padma Purana it is said:

 

 

tasyah pare paravyoma

     tri-pad-bhutam sanatanam

amritam shashvatam nityam

     anantam paramam padam

 

 

     "Beyond the River Viraja is a spiritual nature, which is indestrucible, eternal, inexhaustible, and unlimited. It is  the supreme abode consisting of three fourths of  the  Lord's opulences. It is known as paravyoma, the spiritual sky."*

 

     Shrila Krishnadasa Kaviraja Gosvami (Shri Chaitanya-caritamrita Adi 5.14,16,17) explains:

 

 

prakritira para paravyoma nama dhama

 

 

     "Beyond the material nature lies the realm known as paravyoma, the spiritual sky."*

 

 

tahara upari-bhage krishnaloka khyati

 

 

     "In the highest region of that spiritual sky is the spiritual planet called Krishnaloka."*

 

 

sarvopari shri-gokula vrajaloka nama

goloka-stha shvetadvipe vrindavana dhama

 

 

     "Shri Gokula, the highest of all, is also called Vraja, Goloka, Shvetavipa, and Vrindavana."*