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NITAAI-Veda.nyf > All Scriptures By Acharyas > Bhaktivedanta Prabhupada > In Search of the Ultimate Goal of Life > In Search of the Ultimata Goal of Life > Maduhrya Prema



Lord Chaitanya admitted the superiority of vatsalya-prema over sakhya-prema, but He asked Ramananda to go still further in the realm of transcendental mellowness. Lord Chaitanya said:


prabhu kahe—”eho uttama, age kaha ara”

raya kahe, “kanta-prema sarva-sadhya-sara”


“So far, you have certainly explained the gradual development of transcendental, eternal relationships with the Personality of Godhead very well. But above this conception of vatsalya-prema there is a supreme transcendental rasa, which is the topmost transcendental service.” Upon hearing this suggestion of Lord Chaitanya, Ramananda declared that a transcendental conjugal relationship with Godhead is the highest form of loving service rendered to the Personality of Godhead.

The process of developing a transcendental relationship with Godhead is understood gradually. By simply accepting the glories of the Personality of Godhead and establishing service to Him in the transcendental rasa of calmness, shanta-prema, the sentiment of love for Godhead as one’s personal master is not developed. Shanta-prema is a stage of peaceful appreciation of the glories of the Personality of Godhead.

In dasya-prema or transcendental servitude to Godhead, a sense of intimacy with Godhead is not developed. In both sakhya-prema, transcendental friendship with Godhead, and vatsalya-prema, parental affection, the sense of unrestricted approach for loving service is not developed. As such, the complete perfection of transcendental relationships is not found. The fullness of service, unchecked by all conventional restrictions, is only developed in madhurya-prema, transcendental loving service in conjugal love.

Thus, on the order of Lord Chaitanya, Ramananda began to explain the nature of madhurya-prema. Ramananda quoted a verse from the Shrimad-Bhagavatam wherein Uddhava spoke of the fortune of Krishna’s cowherd girlfriends, who melted away in ecstasy when they heard Uddhava describe the activities of Shri Krishna. Uddhava said,


nayam shriyo 'nga u nitanta-rateh prasadah

svar-yoshitam nalina-gandha-rucam kuto 'nyah

rasotsave ‘sya bhuja-danda-grihita-kantha

labdhashisham ya udagad-vraja-sundarinam


“The transcendental happiness that was bestowed upon the beautiful damsels of Vraja, who got the opportunity to be embraced by the strong hands of Shri Krishna on the occasion of performing the rasa-lila, was never experienced even by Lakshmi, who resides on the chest of the Personality of Godhead Narayana. Neither was such pleasure ever felt by the angels of heaven whose bodies emanate the smell of lotus flowers. What to speak then of ordinary beauties?” (Bhag. 10.47.60)

Quoting another passage from Shrimad-Bhagavatam (10.82.2), Ramananda said,


tasam avirabhuc chaurih


pitambara-dharah sragvi

sakshan manmatha-manmathah


“Shri Krishna, who is the enchanter of Cupid, dressed in yellow, wore a garland of flowers, and all of a sudden appeared in His eternal smiling form in the midst of the cowherd girls, who were mourning in separation from Him after the pastime of the rasa-lila.”

Thus Ramananda Raya summarized all of the different transcendental relationships with Godhead. He said that all of these are means of gaining the favor of Shri Krishna. A devotee in a particular relationship with Godhead will consider that relationship the highest of all, but when all the transcendental relationships are scrutinized and compared from a neutral angle of vision, the difference of intensity can be estimated.