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NITAAI-Veda.nyf > All Scriptures By Acharyas > Baladeva Vidyabhushana > Vishnu Sahasra Nama > Epilogue

Epilogue

 

Text 121

 

om namah

itidam kirtaniyasya

     keshavasya mahatmanah

namnam sahasram divyanam

     asheshena prakirtitam

 

     Bhishma continued---O supreme Personality of Godhead, let me invoke auspiciousness by offering my respectful obeisances unto You. I have now completed the chanting of the thousand transcendental names of the glorious supreme Personality of Godhead, Vishnu, who is known as Keshava the killer of the Keshi demon.

 

 Note: Shrila Baladeva Vidyabhushana quotes the following explanation of the name Keshava, found in the smriti-shastra:

 

 

yasmat tvayaiva dushtatma

     hatah keshi janardana

tasmat keshava-namtvam

     aloke geyo bhavishyasi

 

     "O Lord Janardana, because killed the Keshi demon, You will become glorified throughout the entire world by the name Keshava."

 

 

Text 122

 

ya idam shrnyuan nityah

     yash capi parikirtayet

nashubham prapnuyat kincit

     so 'mutreha ca manavah

 

yah--who; idam--this; srnuyat--hears; nityah--regularly; yah--who; ca--and; api-also; parikirtayed-chants; na-not; asubham-inauspiciousness; prapnuyat--will attain; kincit--at all; sah--he; amutra--in the next life; iha-and in the present life; ca--and; manavah--person.

 

     One who hears and chants these thousand names of Lord Vishnu  will not suffer in an inauspicius condition of life, either in this birth, or the next.

 

Text 123

 

vedantago brahmanah syat

     kshatriyo vijayi bhavet

vaishyo dhana-samriddhah syac

     chudrah sukham avapnuyat

 

 

     By chanting these thousand names of Lord Vishnu, a brahmana will become learned in all the Vedic literatures, a kshatriya will become victorious, a Vaishya will become wealthy, and a shudra will become happy.

 

 

Text 124

 

dharmarthi prapnyad dharmam

     artharthi cartham apnuyat

kaman avapnuyat kami

     prajarthi prapnuyat prajah

 

     dharma-arthi--one who aspires to attain religious merit; prapnuyat--will attain; dharmam--religious merit; artha-arthi--one who desires wealth; ca--also; artham--wealth; apnuyat--will attain; kaman--opulent arrangements for material happiness; avapnuyat--will attain; kami--one who desires to enjoy the senses; praja-arthi--one who desires many descendants; prapnuyat--will attain;  prajah--a dynasty.

 

 

     By chanting these thousand names of Lord Vishnu, one who desires to attain religious merit, will accrue great pious credit, and one who desires wealth will become wealthy. One who desires opulent arrangements for sense-gratification will attain them, and one who desires to father a great dynasty with many descendants, will also attain his end.

 

Text 125

 

bhaktiman yah sadotthaya

     shucis tad-gata-manasah

sahasram vasudevasya

namnam etat prakirtayet

 

     bhaktiman--one who is devoted to his spiritual master; yah--who; sada--regularly; utthaya-rising early in the morning; sucih--pure; tat-gata-manasah--meditating on the Supreme Personality of Godhead; sahasram--thousand; vasudevasya--of Lord Krishna, the son of Vasudeva; namnam--of names; etat--this; prakirtayet--should chant.

 

 

     A person who is a faithful follower of a bona-fide Vaishnava spiritual master, should rise early every day, and after purifying Himself by taking a bath, should fix His mind on the Supreme Personality of Godhead, the son of Vasudeva, and chant this series of His one thousand holy names.

 

 

Text 126

 

yashah prapnoti vipulam

     jnati-pradhanyam eva ca

acalam shriyam apnoti

     shreyah prapnoty anuttaman

 

     yasah--fame; apnoti--attains; vipulam--unlimited; jnati--among his kinsmen; pradhanyam--prominence; eva--certainly; ca--also; acalam--everlasting; shriyam--opulence; apnoti--attains; sreyah--auspiciousness; prapnoti--attains; anuttamam--without peer.

 

 

 

     A person who thus chants the thousand holy names of Lord vishnu, will attain unlimited fame, and will become the most prominent of all his kinsmen. he will attain everlasting opulence, and he will also attain the supreme auspiciousness.

 

 

Text 127

na bhayam dvacid apnoti

     viryam tejash ca vindati

bhavaty arogi dyutiman

     bala-rupa-gunanvitah

 

     na--not; bhayam--fear; kvacit--of anything; apnoti--attains; viryam--courage; tejah--authority over others; ca--also; vindati--finds; bhavati--becomes; arogi--healthy; dyutiman--splendid and majestic; bala--with physical strength; rupa--beauty; guna--and all good qualities; anvitah--endowed.

 

 

 

     He will become courageous and free from fear, and he will become a leader, controlling others. He will become healthy, handsome and majestic in appearance, physically strong, and full of all good qualities.

 

 

Text 128

 

rogarto mucyate rogad

     bandho mucyate bandhanat

bhayan mucyate bhitis tu

     mucyetapanna apadah

 

     roga-by disease; artah--afflicted; mucyate--becomes free; rogat from disease; bandhah--in bondage; mucyate--becomes free; bandhanat--from bondage; bhayat--from fear; mucyat--becomes free; bhitiy--frightened; tu--also; mucyate--becomes free; apannah--one suffering from a calamity; apadah--from calamity.

 

 

 

     One who suffers from disease will become free from the disease, and one in prison or some other bondage will become free. One who is frightened because of a wicked enemy will become free from his fear, and one suffering from a calamity will become free from calamity.

 

Text 129

 

durgany atitaraty ashu

     purushah prurshottamam

stuvan nama-sahasrena

     nityaam bhakti-samanvitah

 

     durgani--very horrible sins; atitarati--crosses over; asu--quickly; prursah--a person; prursa-uttamam--the Supreme Personality of godhead, Lord Vishnu; stuvan-glorifying; nama-sahasrena--with these one thousand holy names; nityam--regularly; bhakti-samanvitah--with devotion.

 

 

 

     One who regularly, and with devotion, glorifies the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Lord Vishnu, by chanting these on thousand holy naes, will quickly become free from many horrible sins.

 

 

Text 130

 

vasudevashrayo martyo

     vasudeva-parayanah

sarva-papa-vishuddhatma

     yati brahma sanatanam

 

     vasudeva-asrayah--taking shelter of Lord vasudeva; martyah--conditioned soul residing in the material world; vasudeva--parayinah--attached to Lord Vasudeva; sarva--all; papa--from sins; visuddha--pruified; atma--self; yati--attains; brahma--the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Lord Krishna; sanatanam--eternal

 

 

 

     He takes shelter of Lord Vasudeva, and becomes greatly attached to Him. He becomes purified of all sins, and he attains the association of Lord Krishna, the eternal Supreme Personality of Godhead.

 

Text 131

 

na vasudeva-bhaktanam

     ashubham vidyate kacit

janma-mrityu-jara-vyadhi-

     bhayam naivopajayate

 

     na--not; vasudeva-bhaktanam--of the devotees of Lord vasudeva; asubham--inauspiciousness; vidyate--is; kacit--at all; janma--of birth; mrtyu--death; jara--old-age; vyadhi--and disease; bhayam--fear; na--not eva--certainly; upajayate--is produced.

 

 

 

     No actually inauspcious condition is ever imposed on the devotees of Lord vasudeva, and thus they d not rear having to take birth again within this world, and again suffer the miserable conditions of old-age, disease, and death.

 

 

Text 132

 

imam stavam adhiyanah

     shraddha-bhakti-samanvitah

yujyetatma-sukha-kshanti-

     shri-dhriti-smriti-kirtibhih

 

     imam--this; stavam--prayer; adhiyanah--one who carefully studies; staddha--with firm faith; bhakti--and devotion to Lord Krishna; samanvitah--endowed; yujyeta--becomes endowed; atma-sukha--with the happiness attained by apiritual realization; ksanti--with tolerance of the temporary dualities of material existance; shri--with the opulence of renunciation; dhrti--with patient control of the senses; smrti--with continual meditation of Lord Krishna; kirtibhih--with fame.

 

 

 

     One who carefully studies these prayers with great faith and devotion to Lord Krishna, becomes full of the happiness attained by spiritual realization. He becomes tolerant of the temporary happiness and distress of material existance, and endowed with the opulence of renunciation. He attains patient control over the senses, and continual meditation on Krishna, and because of all these opulences, He attains great fame.

 

Text 133

na krodham na ca matsaryam

     na lobho nashubha matih

bhavanti krita-punyanam

     bhaktanam purushottame

 

     na--not; krodham--anger; na--not; ca--and; matsaryam--envy; na--not lobhah--greed; na--not; asubha matih--wicked intelligence; bhavanti--exists; krta-punyanam--of those who have performed the pious activity of chanting these one thousand holy names of Lord Vishnu; bhaktanam--of the devotees; purusottame--of the Supreme Person.

 

 

     The devotees of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Lord Krishna, who perform the pious activity of chanting these one thousand holy names of the Lord, beocme free from anger, envy, greed, and all wicked thoughts within the mind.

 

 

Text 134

 

dyauh sa-candrarka-nakshatrah

     kham disho bhur mahodadhih

vasudevasya viriena

     vidhritani manatmanah

 

     dyauh--outer space; sa--with; candra--the moon; arka--the sun; naksatrah--and all the stars and planets; kham--ether; disah--the directions; bhuh--the earth; maha-udadhih--the great oceans; vasudevasya--of Lord vasudeva; viryena--by the prowess; vidhrtani--are maintained; maha-atmanah--of the Supreme Personality of Godhead.

 

 

     The entire expanse of outer space, along with the sun, moon, stars and planets, the ether, the directions, the earth planet, and the great oceans, are all maintained by the power of  the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Lord Vasudeva.

 

Text 135

 

sa-surasura-gandharvam

     sa-yakshoraga-rakshasam

jagad vashe vartatedam

       krishnasya sa-caracaram

 

     sa--with; sura--the demigods; asura-demons; gandharvam--and Gandharvas; sa--with; yaksa--the Yaksas; uraga--Uragas raksasam--and Raksasas; jagat--the entire univers; vase--under the control; vartate--is; idam--this; krishnasya--of Lord Krishna; sa--with; cara-acaram--the moving and non-moving creatures.

 

          The demigods, demons, Gandharvas, Yakshas, Uragas, Rakshasas, and all moving and non-moving creatures within the universe, are under Lord Krishna's control.

 

 

Text 136

 

indriyani mano buddhih

     sattvam tejo balam dhritih

vasudevatmakany ahuh

     kshetram kshetrajna eva cas

 

     indriyani--the senses; manah--the mind; buddhih--the intelligence; sattvam--the life-force; tejah0--influence; balam--strength; dhrtih--patience; vasudeva-atmakani--produced from Vasudeva; ahuh--they say; ksetram--the field of activities; kshtrajnah--the knower of the field; eva--certainly; ca--also.

 

          The senses, mind, intelligence, life-force, influence, strength, patience, the material bodies of the conditioned souls which constitute their field of activities, and the individual living entities themselves, have all emanated from Lord Vasudeva.

 

Text 137

 

sarvagamanam acarah

     prathamam parikalpate

acara-prabhavo dharmo

     dharmasya prabhur acyutah

 

     sarva--of all; agamanam--of the Vedic literatures; acarah--the relifious activities; prathamam--at first; parikalpate--authored; acara--of relifious activities; prabhavah--the creator; dharmah--piety; dharmasya--of religion; prabhuh--the master and protector; acyutah--the infalliable Supreme Personality of Godhead.

 

 

     The infalliable Supreme Personality of Godhead is the original author of all the codes of religion and religious duties found in all the Vedic literatures, and He is the protector of all religious activities as well.

 

 

Text 138

 

rishayah pitaro deva

     mahabhutani dhatavah

jangamajangamam bhedam

     jagan narayanodbhavam

 

rsayah--the sages; pitarah--Pitas; devah--demigods; mahabutani--elements; dhatavah--and minerals; jangama-ajangamam--moving and non-moving; bhedam--of many varieties; jagat--the universe; narayana--from Lord Narayana; udbhavam--sprung.

 

     The sages, Pitas, demigods, material elements and minerals and all moving and non-moving living entities within this universe are created by Lord Narayana.

 

Text 139

 

yogo jnanam tatha sankhyam

      vidya shilpadi karma ca

vedah shastrani vijnanam

     etat sarvam janardanat

 

     yogah--the astanga yoga system; jnanam--knowledge; tatha--also; sankhyam--the sankhya philosophy whcih distinguishes matter and spirit; vidya--the fourteen branches of knowledge; silpa-adi karma--arts, crafts, architecture, etc.; vedah--the four Vedas; sastrani--the supplementary scriptures, such as the Mimamsa-sutra; vijanam--the practical application of transcendental knowledge; etat--this; sarvam--everything; janardanat--from Lord Janardana.

 

 

     The ashtanga yoga system, the sankya philosophy, which distinguishes spirit from matter, the fourteen kinds of knowledge; arts, crafts, architecture and similar arts, the four Vedas, the supplementary Vedic literatures, such as the Mimamsa-sutra, transcendental knowledge and the application of that knowledge in everyday life, all these have emanated from Lord Janardana.

 

 

Text 140

 

eko vishnur mahad bhutam

     prithag bhutany anekashah

tril lokan vyapya bhutatma

     bhunkte vishva-bhug avyayah

 

     ekah--one; visnuh--Lord Vishnu; mahat--the original cause of all causes; bhutam--the chief living entity; prthak--distinct; bhutani--the individual living entities; anekasah--many; trin--

three; lokan--planetary systems; vyapya--pervading; bhuta-atma--beginningless and perfect; bhunkte--accepts what is offered with devotion; visva-bhuk--the protector of the universe; avyayah--eternally the same.

 

 

     Lord Vishnu is the original cause of all cause, and he is the chief living entity, etrernally different from all other living entities. Lord Vishnu is present everywhere in all the three planetary systems, and he is beginningless and perfect. He accepts what is offered with love and devotion, and He is the protector of the universe. He is unchanging and eternally the same.

 

         Note: Shrila Baladeva Vidyabhushana explains that Lord Krishna's acceptance of the offerings made by His devotees is described by the Lord Himself in the Bhagavad-gita (       ):

 

 

patram pushpam phalam toyam

     yo me bhaktya prayacchati

tad aham bhaty-upahritam

     ashnami prayatatmanah

 

     "If one offers Me with love and devotion a leaf, a flower, fruit or water, I will accept it."

 

verse 141

 

 

imam stavam bhagavato

     vishnor vyasena kirtitam

pathed ya icchet purushah

     shreyah praptum sukhani ca

 

     imam--this; stavam--prayer; bhagavatah--glorifying the Supreme Personality of Godhead; visnoh--Lord Vishnu; vyasena--by Vyasadeva; kirtitam--sung; pathet--should read; yah--who; icchet--desires; purusah--person; sreyah--auspicousness; praptum--to attain; sukhani--actual happiness; ca--also.

 

 

     One who desires to attain actual happiness and auspiciousness should read this prayer glorifying theSupreme Personality of Godhead, which is sung by the sage Vyasadeva.

 

Text 142

 

vishveshvaram ajam devam

      jagatah prabhavapyayam

bhajanti ye pushkaraksham

     na te yanti parabhavam

 

     visva--of the universe; isvaram--the supreme controller; ajam--the unborn; devam--Personality of Godhead; jagatah--of the universe; prabhava--the source of creation; apyayam--and anihillation; bhajanti--worship; ye--those who; puskara--aksam--lotus eyed; na--not; te--they; yanti--attain; parabhavam--defeat.

 

          Those who worship the lotus-eyed Supreme Personality of Godhead, who is the unborn creator controller and anihillator of the material universe, do not suffer defeat at the hands of the cycle of repeated birth and death, but become liberated from material existance, and return back home, back to Godhead.

 

         Note: Shrila Baladeva Vidyabhushana quotes the Prabhasa-knanda's description of the transcendental potency of Lord Krishna's holy name:

 

madhura-madhuram etan mangalam mangalanam

     sakala-nigama-valli-sat-phalam cit-svarupam

sakrid api parigitam shraddhaya helaya va

     bhriguvara nara-matram tarayet krishna-nama

 

     "The holy name of Lord Krishna is the most auspicious of all auspicious things, and the sweetest of all sweet things. It is completely spiritual, withoug any touch of matter, and it is the transcendental fruit of the creeper of all the Vedic literatures. If one chants the holy name of Lord Krishna, even once, either with faith, or even in the spirit of mocking Him, the holy name will deliver the chanter from the bondage of material existance."

 

     The sincere chanter of the holy name may sometimes commit offenses in the course of his chanting. the remedial measure to become free from such offenses is described in the Padma Purana:

 

  gite namaparadheshu

     pramadena kathancana

sadasankirtayan nama

     tad-ekasharano bhavet

 

 

     "If one may sometimes, because of foolishness or immaturity, commit offenses to the holy name, then the remedy for such offenses is t continue one's regular chanting of the holy name, and take shelter of Him with all earnestness."

 

namaparadha-yuktanam

     namany eva haranty agham

avishranti-prayuktani

     tany evartha-karani ca

 

     "If one becomes determined, and continues his chanting of the holy name, and does not give up the process of chanting, the holy name will remove all his sins, and grant to him, the most valuable spiritual benefit.