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NITAAI-Veda.nyf > All Scriptures By Acharyas > Baladeva Vidyabhushana > Vedanta Shyamantaka > Kala tattva nirupanah



1        Now we will discuss time. Time is a specific material element that is independent of the three modes of nature. It consists of past, present and future, and it has simultaneity, delay, speed, and other aspects. It is the cause of the material universe’s creation and destruction. It is like a turning wheel, a wheel that has spokes beginning with second and ending with eons.  It is described in the following words of the Sruti-sastra:

          “Lord Vishnu is the controller of time. He knows everything. He has all transcendental qualities.”

          In Shrimad Bhagavatam (10.3.26) it is said:

          “O inaugurator of the material energy, this wonderful creation works under the control of powerful time, which is divided into seconds, minutes, hours and years.This element of time, which extends for many millions of years, is but another form of Lord Vishnu. For Your pastimes You act as the controller of time, but You are the reservoir of all good fortune. Let me offer my full surrender unto your Lordship.”*

          In the Smrti-sastra it is said:

          “The material universe is like a wheel. Time is like a wheel.”

          Time is powerful and eternal. In the Sruti-sastra it is said: Before the material universe was manifested, time existed.

          “O gently one, before the material universe was created, time existed.”

          Time acts everywhere.  In the Sruti-sastra it is said:

          “There is no place in the material world where time is not present.”

          Time controls the material world. Still, time itself is under the control of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. This is confirmed by the passage beginning ‘jnah kala-kalah’ in the Sruti-sastra and also by Shrimad Bhagavatam 10.3.26, both passages quoted above.  ime has no power in the spiritual world.  In Shrimad Bhagavatam (2.2.17) it is said:

          “In that transcendental state of labdhopasanti there is no supremacy of devastating time, which controls even the celestial demigods who are empowered to rule over mundane creatures.”*