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NITAAI-Veda.nyf > All Scriptures By Acharyas > Baladeva Vidyabhushana > Prameya Ratnavali > Fifth Prameya

Fifth Prameya

 

TEXT 1

 

atha jivanam bhagavad-dasatvam

tatha hi shvetashvatarah pathanti

 

tam ishvaranam paramam maheshvaram

     tam daivtanam paramam ca daivatam

patim patinam paramam parastat

     vidama devam bhuvanesham idyam

 

     atha—now; jivanam—of the individual living entities; bhagavat—of the Supreme Personality of Godhead; dasatvam—the state of being the servants; tatha hi—furthermore; shvetashvatarah—the Shvetashvatara Upanishad; pathanti—reads; tam—Him; ishvaram—controller; tam—Him; daivatanam—of all the demigods; paramam—supreme; ca—and; daivatam—worshippable deity; patim—the director; patinam—of all directors; paramam—greater; parastat—than the greatest; vidama—we understand; devam—the Supreme Lord; bhuvana—of the entire world; isham—the master; idyam—worshipable.

 

     5. The jivas (living entities) are by nature the servants of the Supreme Personality of Godhead:

 

     The Shvetashvatara Upanishad (6.7) explains: "The Supreme Lord is the controller of all other controllers, and He is the greatest of all the diverse planetary leaders. Everyone is under His control. All entities are delegated with particular power only by the Supreme Lord; they are not supreme themselves. He is also worshipable by all demigods, and is the supreme director of all directors. Therefore, He is transcendental to all kinds of material leaders and controllers and is worshipable by all. There is no one greater than Him, and He is the supreme cause of all causes."

 

TEXT 2 (a)

 

smritish ca

 

brahma shambhus tathaivarkash

     candramash ca shatakratuh

evam adyas tathaivanye

     yukta vaishnava-tejasa

 

     smritih—the Smriti-shastra; ca—and; brahma—Brahma; shambhuh—Shiva; tatha—in the same way; eva—certainly; arkah—Surya; candramah—Candra; shatakratuh—Indra; evam—in this way; adyah--beginning with; tatha—in the same way; anye—others; yuktah—engaged; vaishnava—of Lord Vishnu; tejasa—by the prowess.

 

     The Smriti-shastra declares: "Brahma, Shiva, Surya, Candra, Indra, and all the other demigods are appointed to their posts by Lord Vishnu and given extraordinary powers by Him. They areall the servants of Lord Vishnu."

 

TEXT 2 (b)

 

sa-brahmakah sa-rudrash ca

     sendra deva maharshibhih

arcayanti sura-shreshtham

     devam narayanam harim

 

     sa-brahmakah—with many Brahmas; sa-rudrah—with many Shivas; ca—and; sa-indrah—with many Indras; devah—demigods; maha-rishibhih—with the great sages; arcayanti—worship; sura—of all the demigods; shreshtham—the best; devam—the Supreme Personality of Godhead; narayanam—known as Narayana; harim—and Hari.

 

     The Shastras explain: "Innumerable Brahmas, Shivas, Indras, sages and demigods, all worship the Supreme Lord Narayana, the best of the demigods."

 

TEXT 2 (c)

 

padme ca, jiva-lakshane

 

dasa-bhuto harer eva

     nanyasyaiva kadacana

 

     padme—in the Padma Purana; jiva—of the living entities; lakshane—in the description; dasa-bhutah—a servant; hareh—of Lord Hari; eva—certainly; na—not; anyasya—of anyone else; kadacana—at any time.

 

     The Padma Purana describes the nature of the jiva (individual living entity) in the following way: "By nature the living entity is eternally the servant of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Lord Hari. He is never the servant of Brahma, Shiva, or anyone else."