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The Appearance of Vasudeva and Nanda in the Vrsni Dynasty
King Devamida as born in the Vrsni dynasty. He had two wives: Ksatriya and Arya. From Ksatriya a son named Sura was born, and from Arya a son named Parjanya was born.
From Sura was born the great Vasudeva, whose wife was the virtuous Devaki. From Parjanya, the king of Vraja, was born Nanda, whose wife was the splendidly beautiful Yasoda.
When Vasudeva was born, the demigods, blossoming with happiness, played musical instruments to celebrate the occasion. Vasudeva became very generous and a pious servant of the brahmanas. He was respected by all. He became the place where Lord Vishnu made His appearance in this world.
The learned Sukadeva Goswami explained that Devaki is deva-rupini, which means that she is the equal of all demi-gods. Within her womb Devaki held the Supreme Personality of Godhead, the maintainer of all the universes. What could be more wonderful than this?
Nanda was the king of Vrajabhumi and a great devotee of Lord Narayana, the husband of the goddess of fortune. Surrounded by many affectionate friends and counsellors, he lived in a beautiful and opulent palace that resounded with wonderfully melodious instrumental music. He was the fabulously wealthy master of an unlimited herd of cows and bulls, and the possessor of many chariots and other vehicles. Because he was both a scholar learned in all Vedic literatures and a strict follower of religious principles, he was respected by all.
Lord Vishnu, the omnipotent, all-pervading Personality of Godhead, the master of the entire universe, became satisfied simply by sitting on Mother Yasoda''s lap and drinking milk from her breast. Seeing Mother Yasoda's exalted position, the Goddess of Fortune personally offered respectful obeisances to her, bowing down to her lotus feet with great awe and reverence. Who can describe the auspicious good fortune of Mother Yasoda?
Nanda Maharaja's friends and relatives were all intelligent, learned and devoted to Lord Hari and the spiritual masters and the brahmanas. They carefully kept the sacred fire. They were the masters of many cows, bulls, and horses.
Nanda Maharaja's friend, King Vrsabhanau, was full of all auspicious qualities, and his daughter Shrimati Radharani, was full of all auspicious qualities. The Vedas describe Shrimati Radharani as the supreme empress who rules over all the goddesses of fortune.
Nanda Maharaja was a great patron of the arts, and talented poets, singers, musicians, and dancers would display their skill to Him. He would please all these artists by rewarding them handsomely and fulfilling all their desires.
His kingdom was the mother of many rivers, which bestowed abundant charity in the form of water. The kalpa-vrksa trees and surabhi cows in hi kingdom eternally showered the fulfilment of all desires.
In his kingdom there was a hill named Govardhana. Go means "cow" and vardhana means "increases." The hill was very appropriately named, for it amply nourished all the surabhi cows by providing fresh grass for the cows to eat. Decorated with many jewels, swiftly moving streams, caves that appeared to be palaces, and nice fruits and flowers, this hill earnestly served Nanda Maharaja.