Click here to load whole tree
NITAAI-Veda.nyf > All Scriptures By Acharyas > Baladeva Vidyabhushana > Aishvarya Kadambini > Pamcami Vrishti

Pancami Vrsti



Fifth Shower

Description of the Festival of the Births of the Supreme Personality of Godhead and His Associates.


Text 1


Lotus-eyed Lord Krishna, the master of all transcendental opulence and glory, entered Maharaja Vasudeva and appeared before Maharaja Nanda.  Learned and exalted, Vasudeva and Nanda gave Lord Krishna to their wives, who both held Him as their son.


Text 2


Because of Lord Krishna’s entrance in their wombs, the two friends Devaki and Yasoda became very beautiful.  Appearing as splendid lightning they delighted the  pious devotees and pained the envious demons.


Text 3


When Lord Mukunda (Krishna) appeared in this world, musical instruments sounded of their own accord, trees and flowers blossomed, and the minds and hearts of the brahamanas and devotees also blossomed with happiness. 


Text 4


On the eight night of the dark moon, at midnight, when the star Rohini was near the moon, the queen of Vraja easily gave birth to twins: Lord Hari and the goddess Durga; and at the same moment Devaki gave birth to a single child: Lord Hari.  When Lord Hari appeared in this way the pure hearted devotees became filled with joy.


Text 5


Seeing his son and knowing Him to be the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Vasudeva became filled with happiness and gave away millions of cows in charity within his mind.  Because he was afraid of Kamsa, Vasudeva quickly carried his unlimitedly powerful son to the home of his brother, the king of Vraja.


Text 6


Vasudeva placed his own son in Nanda's home, took Yasoda's daughter, and gave her to King Kamsa.  By Lord Krishna’s inconceivable potency the two Krishnas born separately from Devaki and Yasoda became one tiny child.


Note:  His Divine Grace A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada mentions this pastime in the following words (Shrimad Bhagavatam 10.3.47 Purport):  "Shrila Visvanath Cakravati discusses that Krishna appeared simultaneously as the son of Devaki and the son of Yasoda, along with the spiritual energy Yogamaya.   As the son of Devaki, He first appeared as Vishnu, and because Vasudeva was not in the position of pure affection for Krishna, Vasudeva worshipped his son as Lord Vishnu.  Yasoda, however, pleased her son Krishna without understanding His Godhood.  This is the difference between Krishna as the son of Yasoda and as the son of Devaki.  This is explained by Visvanath Cakravati on the authority of Hari-vamsa."


Shrila Rupa Goswami also discusses this pastime in these words (Laghu-Bhagavatamrta 1.5.454-456):


kecid bhagavath prahur

evam atra puratanah

vyuhah pradurbhaved adyo

grheso anakadundubheh

gosthe tu mayaya sradhanam



"In ancient times some devotees have said that the Lord appeared in His Vasudeva feature in the home Maharaja Vasudeva, and at the same time appeared in His original form of Krishna in the village of Vraja.  In this way these devotees have said that Shri Krishna and Yogamaya were the twin children of Yasoda in Vrajabhumi."


gatva yadu-varo gostham

tatra suri-grham visan

kanyam eva param viksya

tam adayavrajat puram

pravisad vasudevas tu



"When Maharaja Vasudeva arrived in Vrajabhumi he entered Yasoda-devi's maternity room, saw Yasoda’s daughter, took her, and returned with her to Mathura.  The Vasudeva expansion Maharaja Vasudeva carried with him entered the body of Shri Krishna, who had just taken birth as the son of Yasoda.  In this way the two forms of Vasudeva and Krishna became one."


tac cati-rahasyatvan

noktam tatra katha-krame

kintu kvacit prasangena

sucyate shri-sukadibhih


"Because this pastime is very confidential it is not related in Shrimad-Bhagavtam.  Nevertheless Sukadeva Goswami and other great devotees have indirectly described it in some of their writings."


Text 7


From his associates, the king of Vraja learned about the birth of his son, who was in truth the Supreme Personality of Godhead.  Overcome with joy, the king dressed in costly garments and ornaments and had the best of brahmanas perform the birth ceremony according to the rules of the Sruti-sastra.


Text 8


Nanda Maharaja was naturally generous and full of faith in the Supreme Personality of Godhead.  Overwhelmed with joy at the festive celebration of his son's birth, he gave two million nicely decorated cows along with their calves in charity to the brahamanas.


Text 9


Nanda Maharaja gave to the brahmanas seven hills of grain along with many jewels, golden ornaments, and costly garments.  All the cows were carefully decorated for the occasion.  Vraja became filled with wonder.


Text 10


The brahmanas, sutas, magadhas and vandis recited auspicious prayers.  Musical instruments were sounded, and there was a great winder of singing and dancing.


Text 11


Hearing about the auspicious transcendental qualities of Nanda Maharaja's son, the cowherd people became full of joy.  Nicely dressed, wearing jewelled ornaments, and bearing valuable gifts in their hands, they eagerly went to the home of the king of Vraja.


Text 12


Dressed in wonderful colourful ornaments, beautiful jewel earrings, ankle bells, and great necklaces, and carrying gifts in their hands, the women of the town of Vrajapura came to the king’s palace, eager to see Lord Krishna.


Text 13


Their voices decorated with the shouts of jaya, the people of Vraja sprinkled ghee, yoghurt, and tumeric.  As if mad with happiness, Brahma, Siva, Sanatkumara, and all the demigods danced in the kings courtyard.


Text 14


With a joyful heart the king of Vraja welcomed his friends and relatives and gave them gifts of many priceless jewelled ornaments, costly garments, and fragrant incense and perfume, fulfilling all their desires.


Text 15


Nanda Maharaja glowed with happiness at the celebration of his son's birth.  He opened wide the doors of his treasury and gave charity without restriction.  Drowning in a flood of happiness, the beggars loudly praised the king’s charity that fulfilled all their desires.


Text 16


At first the king of Vraja and his subjects experienced a happiness within measured limits, but when child Krishna, the Supreme Lord, arrived, everyone’s happiness at once passed beyond all limits.


Text 17


Behind Krishna came Shri Balarama, Shridama, Ujjvala, and many other children.  Shining with great lustre, these boys made Vraja appear like the peak of a mountain of jewels.


Text 18


Filled with transcendental glory and opulence, Govinda and the other boys filled with happiness the homes of the fortunate cowherd men headed by Maharaja Nanda in Vrajabhumi.


Text 19


Even though Lord Krishna, the son of Maharaja Nanda, is the Supreme Personality of Godhead, the ultimate goal of all living entities, He still considers that the supreme goal of His life is Shri Radha, who has fathomless beauty and numberless transcendental qualities, and who appeared in the holy abode of Vraja as the daughter of Kirtida-devi. 


Text 20


At the time of the festival of Shri Radha's birth, even the prayers of the great demigods left the world unsatisfied.  When the women of Vraja saw the auspicious marks on Her lotus feet they all became convinced that this girl was the goddess of fortune.


Text 21


When poets attempt to describe Shri Radha they became filled with awe and they loudly rebuke the moon, the lotus, and other beautiful things of this world.  By constantly meditating on Shri Radha and by repeatedly offering obeisances to Her, these poets attain intense happiness within their hearts.


Text 22 


Every kind of transcendental glory and opulence is manifest from Shri Radha's sidelong glance.  Even Lord Krishna, the Supreme Personality of Godhead is not able to describe them all.


Text 23


Shri Radha's friends, who expertly serve Her, and whose beauty, virtue, and transcendental qualities resemble Hers, then appeared in the capitol of the king of Vraja in the homes of the best of the cowherds.